This might sound absurd, but it's a fact: today 2.7 million people living on the banks of the more than 200 rivers around the world, do not have regular access to water. The reason for that — the active use of the water resources of the river, which leads to dry waterways. Such neoptimisticheskie data published last week, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).
WWF experts analyzed 405 river basins, which account for almost 70% of global runoff. About 65% of the world's population now living in areas adjacent to these 405 river basins. However, almost half of the studied basins regularly experiencing water shortages. Namely — 201 river basin is dry at least once a year.
Researchers note that the main reason for the drying of river basins — irrational use of water resources, namely — water usage for agriculture. Experts estimate WWF, about 92% of the fresh water on the planet is consumed for irrigation of agricultural land. And this is much more than is spent on the needs of industry and municipal economy.
In the most deplorable state of the river today are in North America (in particular — the river Rio Grande), in Asia (Indus River), Australia (River Murray). Because of the drying affects not only people living on the banks of these rivers, but also the inhabitants are disappearing rivers as fish, dolphins, and other shellfish.
Experts from WWF notes that today with scientific and technological tools can significantly reduce the "water footprint" of agriculture, ie using new technologies can substantially reduce the amount of water needed for agriculture. However, the main reason lies in the fact that in many regions of the world, farmers and producers do not consider it necessary to adopt new technologies in agriculture, and continue to use the old, water-cost production methods.