Despite the old equipment and instrument, the air defense system of North Korea is capable of doing puzzles in the criteria for «emergencies,» writes Chinese website mil.eastday.com.
April 18, 1990 light reconnaissance helicopter OH-58B U.S. Army violated the military demarcation line between North and South Korea (also known as the 38th parallel) and was shot down by anti-aircraft artillery Korean People’s Army. Helicopter made the forced landing, both pilots were taken prisoner. Pilots were returned after the formal declaration by the United States.
March 3, 2003 South American electronic reconnaissance aircraft RC-135S took off from bases in the land of the rising sun, and walked 240 miles to the coast of North Korea with the aim to monitor the training launches of North Korean missiles. Intercept were raised MiG-29 and two MiG-23. MiG-29 tightly close to the South American reconnaissance plane (at a distance of 20 m), then the RC-135S «fled in panic towards Japan.»
These cases demonstrate that the air defense of North Korea is capable of protecting the country’s air space.
North Korea has an air defense system, almost one hundred percent curb «Russian weapon and equipment.» North Korea is the only not counting Russian state has in service of early warning radar («Coop») phased array (possibly refers to the radar «Dniester» having Western notation Hen House — «VP»). SAM presented complexes SA-2 (C-75) and SA-3 (C-125, sketch), who participated in local conflicts in the Middle East and Vietnam, the Persian Gulf.
SA-2 was adopted for the defense of the DPRK in 1964. SAM has a length of 10.9 m, width 0.65 m, 2.56 m tail swing, the starting weight of 2160 kg. The highest rate is 3M range hitting the target from 13 km to 35 km height from 3 km to 22 km. The complex has a low mobility, vulnerable to enemy electronic warfare.
SA-3 is the second generation of the former Russian SAM Union, designed to engage targets, hovering at low altitudes, can also be used to attack ground and sea targets. SAM has a length of 5.95 m, the highest rate of 2M height hitting the target from 20 m to 8000 m
In the 1980s, the DPRK began mass production of portable SAM SA-7 (Russian designation 9K32 «Strela-2»). MANPADS was adopted in the USSR in 1968. SAM has a mass of 14.5 kg, a diameter of 0.72 m, weight 0.87 kg warhead, range of fire of 3400 m, 1200 m ceiling If the rocket did not found a goal within 14 seconds, it self-destructs. Simplicity of design allows the fighter to master MANPADS within a day or 1st.
In 2001, off the coast of the Land of the Rising Sun sank a North Korean boat on board found the two MANPADS SA-16 («Needle»). The find was a pleasant example of what North Korea has this more massive type MANPADS (complex entered service in the Russian army in 1981). Missile length 1,673 m, width 0.72 m, weight 10.8 kg, maximum speed of 880 m / s, short range hitting the target 600 m, maximum 8000 m, low height hitting the target 10 m, maximum — 3500 m martial criteria MANPADS was first used in 1991 during the Gulf War, in the process of implementing its combat Americans have lost eight A-10 attack aircraft and four VTOL AV-8. This complex is also extensively used by Chechen rebels during the war in Chechnya, where from its missiles were also shot down many Russian aircraft and helicopters.
In the area of Pyongyang 12500 deployed anti-aircraft guns and 10,000 anti-aircraft missiles. Density of flak in this area allows us to «impregnable zone» of the 38th parallel. Flak cannons presented from 23 mm to 100 mm in the main copied Russian types (100 mm M-1951 with radar-blank range, 57 mm M-1959, 3h37 mm M-1963, more gauges are 30, 25 and 20 mm).
KPAFAC personnel is 80 thousand people, grouped into three legkobombardirovochnyh, 6 and 10 assault fighter regiments. In total, there are 1,500 aircraft of various types, including 690 combat. Has 80 light bombers, Il-28 and Yak-28, 110 MiG-17, MiG-19, 130, 130 MiG-21, MiG-23, 46, 40 MiG-29s, 36 Su-25 combat helicopters Mi-24.
In 1999, North Korea acquired in Kazakhstan 40 used MiG-21 fighters, which are used as the main sources of spare parts.
In air transport, there are 300 aircraft, including An-24, IL-14, IL-18, IL-62, Tu-134 and Tu-154, 283 helicopter, in the main, Heu-500D, Mi-2, Mi-8, Mi-17. Training Aircraft totals 283 aircraft, in the main MiG-21 and Yak-18.
Fighters guided missiles equipped AA-2 (K-13), AA-7 (R-23), and AA-11 (P-60) in an amount of more than 1000 units.
Defense presented PU 300 SAM (240 SA-2, SA-3 36 and 24 SA-5 (S-200).
North Korea has a huge arsenal of ballistic missiles. In 1969, North Korea received Russian tactical missiles Scud-B (R-17), purchased from Egypt, and began to create their copies. In 1989 was created Scud-C with a range of 500 km, which were delivered to Iran. Then the DPRK began to create and build longer-range BR type «Rodong» and «Taepodong». Missile «Taepodong-2» capable of hitting targets located near the Japanese cities of Tokyo, Osaka, the Air Force base in Yokosuka, and the Aleutian Islands, Guam, Hawaii and other U.S. military bases. Since 1989, North Korea made the first missile brigades filled with mobile launchers. It is believed that the Korean People’s Army has about 10 fixed bases for launching ballistic missiles, including two to start BR «Rodong» near the border town Cange, and the unknown number of mobile missiles.