According to statistics, about 10% of all births in the year — premature. This figure is constantly growing and the total number of births, which began early, about half is due to premature rupture of membranes. This in turn leads to underdevelopment of the fetus, high infant mortality, and virtually 100% of cases to intrauterine infection. But the solution to this problem is and it is in the early diagnosis of amniotic fluid leakage and emergency response.
Most women believe that the discharge of leakage of amniotic fluid, and it amounts to the same thing and it can be recognized by the sharp and an acute leak large amounts of fluid from the vagina, which is actually not quite true. "Many Waters" is a case of rupture of membranes, and this is evidence of the onset of labor. Much more dangerous leakage of amniotic fluid that occurs on a background of membranes and damage goes unnoticed for a long time (up to a month or more).
The role of amniotic fluid and membranes.
The amniotic fluid acts as a kind airbags, protecting the child from bumps and bruises during the fall of the mother or simply turns and abrupt movements. Do not allow the walls of the uterus and squeeze the fetus umbilical cord. Bubble shell ensure the sterility of the amniotic fluid and prevent the infection from entering from the outside.
The reasons that lead to damage to the shell membranes and leakage of amniotic fluid
- Infectious and inflammatory diseases of all organs and systems. In 1 10 pregnant women with premature rupture of membranes were found inflammatory gastrointestinal tract and respiratory system. A 1 4 suffered from inflammatory diseases of the genital organs.
- Cervical erosion and any other destructive change it. More than half of women with leakage of amniotic fluid suffer cervical disease or have a past abortion and surgery on the cervix.
- Genital infections. This group includes not only sexually transmitted diseases, but also banal bacterial vaginosis (vaginal bacteria overgrowth), which occurs in many pregnant women. The fact that during pregnancy there is a powerful hormone surge that triggers the growth of pathogenic microorganisms in the vagina (it is bacteria that is normally present in any healthy women, but in very small amounts, so do not pose a threat.) The waste products of pathogens attenuate the shell membranes and lead to the formation of micro-cracks on it. Through these cracks leak and water, and the infection gets inside.
In the case of micro, amniotic liquid released in small quantities (drop by drop), a fact that almost always goes unnoticed, especially when you consider the increased vaginal secretion of pregnant women. Just sometimes women can have large numbers of vaginal discharge in the supine position.
Diagnostic Methods for leakage of amniotic fluid
More recently, the main method of diagnosis of amniotic fluid leakage was laboratory analysis. Method unpleasant, based on the study of material taken away from the vagina and cervix for the presence of amniotic fluid cells. Mucus amniotic fluid crystallizes in the air and forms a characteristic pattern in the form of a fern leaf, which is clearly visible under the microscope. But now there is a new diagnostic method is much easier and more affordable for every woman. It does not require laboratory and can be performed in the home. This amnitest AmniSure — affordable and easy to use.
Diagnosis of water leakage through amnitesta AmniSure
Amniotic fluid contain placental alpha-1-microglobulin (Phagmo-1) in large quantities. This substance is not found in other body fluids of pregnant women (blood, urine, vaginal secretions). The principle of operation of the test is based on the detection of AmniSure Phagmo-1 in vagina. The test is very sensitive and reacts even if in vagina Hit a few drops of amniotic fluid.
Looks like and how to use it?
This is a test strip that looks no different from the test for determining pregnancy. Is the result — two red lines, no result — one. Only with the help amnitesta not checked urine and vaginal secretions, so the kit includes a bottle of solvent, sterile swab and detailed instructions for the procedure.
Who needs test AmniSure?
All pregnant women, without exception. Test takes up little space in the women's handbag is always at hand and avoids instrumental studies, and at the slightest suspicion to diagnose leak and ask for help. Sensitivity Test 98.9%. Test determines only the presence of amniotic fluid in the vagina. It does not define her number and the extent of damage to the membranes. Is a diagnostic method, rather than curative. In the case of a positive test — hospitalization is required! Even if woman feels good. Only in the event of timely medical intervention can prevent complications and to ensure a healthy baby.