The report of the group of scientists involved in the international assessment program Ocean (IPSO), environmentalists produced shocking results of recent research. Calculations previously accepted by the international scientific community, were wrong. The extinction of the ocean is not that just around the corner — it is almost starting.
The team consisted of scientists from different directions, writes BBC, including specialists in fish farming and problems catching fish, coral reef ecology and toxicology. All of them at once sounded the alarm.
"At the forum, each spoke of his observations, and we have summed up that today's picture shows us a much more dynamic process in almost all directions. We observe phenomena that are not expected to see hundreds of years "- says research director IPSO, an Oxford University professor Alex Rogers.
To those changes, according to the scientist, can be attributed the rapid melting of glaciers in the Arctic and Greenland, as well as rising sea levels and release of methane from the seabed.
Scientists worry is the fact that harmful to the environment factors are stronger yield synergies, superimposed on each other. For example, the manufacture of toxic plastic on any plant, the disastrous effects of the emitted each piece of plastic in the sea, and over time their number is increasing and increasing. As a result — is poison algae, coral reefs and fish that consume the waste.
Earth has gone through five "great mass extinctions" — when almost completely disappeared entire species and groups of species of living creatures (such, for example, include the disappearance of the dinosaurs). However, future extinction — the transient has ever happened in the world. "What we see now is unprecedented in the fossil record," — said Professor Rogers.
Among the most dangerous factors scientists call oxidation and oxygen depletion of sea water and a violation of the carbon cycle in nature.
This week's report will be presented to the UN headquarters in New York. However, the basic requirements of scientists does not have changed:
restrict fishing, consumption and pollutant plastic selhozudobreny and excreta, and sharply limiting emissions of greenhouse gases.
Another one of the authors of the report, the chairman of the World Commission on Protected Areas and the adviser of the International Union for Conservation of Nature, an oceanographer Dan Laffoli recognizes that problems are really huge.
"But unlike previous generations, we know what needs to be done now. Now is the time, when you can save the blue heart of the planet. "