The question of the origin of the Russian people and Slavic peoples is one of the cornerstones in the history of Europe and Russia. Another chronicler Nestor in "The Tale of Bygone Years" raised the question: "Where have gone the Russian land? '. And the answer is quite right: the countdown Russian history from the mythical Japheth, Iapetus, and then after a long period of time has placed Russia on the banks of the river Danube in Noricum. And only then brought to Russia to Dnipro River and Lake Ilmen familiar from school course — Kiev-Novgorod Russia. Thus, even in a highly edited "The Tale of Bygone Years", there are two ancestral Russian people — the Middle East and the Balkans.
In a rather controversial and not all historians acknowledge the source, "Veles book," as an area of settlement of Slavic-Russian tribes are huge areas: Siberia, the Urals, the steppes of southern Russia, the Caucasus, the Black Sea region, including the Crimea-Thawra, the Balkans, the Carpathians, the average Asia (Seven Rivers), the Two Rivers — the Tigris and Euphrates, Syria, India, the land of the future Novgorod Russia.
Classical hypothesis of the origin of the Russian people — Rusov very Russophobe in content and very dear to any Westerner, a liberal. Like, Russian history begins with 8-9 Ages, calling Germans Varangians to Novgorod, some removed the border began to "civilized" history of Russia to 10-11 century — when Christianity became the dominant form of the faith.
And before that, abroad, they say Russ stayed in the "wild," God did not know, almost in a "primitive." And indeed they were in the Russian plain, "Aliens", which has taken from somewhere (probably from the Pripyat marshes) and will press the Finno-Ugric tribes and the Balts. This classic circuit based former German scientists in the service of the Russian state in the 18th century — GZ
Bayer (1694-1738), GF Miller (1705-1783), AL Schletzer (1735-1809).
In the 19th century the concept was enshrined in the 12-volume work Karamzin (1766-1826) "The History of the Russian State", which confirmed the findings of the German phrase: "This is a great part of Europe and Asia, now called Russia, in its moderate climates has been inhabited from time immemorial, but the wild, plunged into the depth of ignorance people who are not being marked by any of its own historical monuments. " Conclusions historian Karamzin continued Soloviev (1820-1879) in his "History of Russia from ancient times" in 29 volumes, historian W. O.Klyuchevsky in "full course of Russian history" in 4 volumes.
They consolidated the "classic" version of Russian history, the essence of it is that the history of Russia is from 4 (6) — 8 (10) Ages, calling Vikings and baptism, and before that was the "dark ages", "savage" "desolation." This scheme continued to dominate in the 20th century, in the early 21st century, with slight modifications, is studied in schools and universities, as the only true and no alternative.
Position of the state and the church
State supported this version, because it is not interested in information beyond the scope of state and legal structures. The appearance of the state and the right to communicate with the phenomenon of the Rurik dynasty. The arrival of "Varyag" was beneficial to government and for foreign policy reasons, tying Rurik, and then with the Romanovs "enlightened Europe" common origin and dynastic alliances. Especially important was the relationship with the German ruling houses and England. Romanov famous love for these countries.
Church organization thesis of the "wildness" of Slavic-Russian tribes before the arrival of Christian missionaries and the Baptism of Russia, more than satisfied. After all, it gives the Church the right to say that the development of culture (one of which is written) is associated with the adoption of Christianity in Russia.
This concept, strongly cherished and encouraged, is today a dominant position — in schools, universities, scientific and popular literature, media and film. Only a few devotees trying to break through the veil of lies and convey at least a part of the historical truth.
Approval of the "Young Russia", "backwardness" of the Russian is one of the tools of the information war — in order to undermine the historical memory of the Russian people, to weaken the will and spirit to kill the Russian world. Therefore, the Vatican, the historical schools of England, Germany, also support the "academic" version of world history.
Approaches in this version is quite shaky, the researchers, in most cases, taken as a basis for the thesis that the first written records talking about the Slavs appeared in the 4-6 centuries AD. But it is well known that the "written evidence" category is very subjective, and the people — the objective, there are people and the will of writers, chroniclers. For example: Indian culture is the chronicle evidence existed for millennia.
Only one fact has a significant effect on the "classic" scheme — the number of Slavic and Russian. The Russian people, after the terrible shock of the 20th century — the participation in 2 world wars, the 4th revolution, including the December 1991, the Civil War, the liberal-democratic genocide late 20 early 21 centuries, a huge number of regional wars and conflicts are one of the the most numerous ethnic groups of the world. So according to estimates of the Russian genius of Mendeleev (1834-1907), had it not been disastrous in its consequences of the 20th century, in the middle of the 20th century, the Russian would be 400 million, and in the middle of the 21st century, 800 million. But even today, the Russian and Slavic — the largest language group, ethnic group in Europe.
A thousand years ago, the Slavs were about 10 million people, as in the present — it's erstwhile largest ethnolinguistic community in Europe. A legitimate question, as from "nowhere" there was a large part of the population of Europe?
Russian (Slavophile) conception of history
Fortunately for us, many researchers have tried to answer this question, a matter of common sense, and not the dead truths. They seek out the origins of Russian identity in the most beginning of human history, we find the roots of our ancestors in different parts of Eurasia. Tradition of Russian history goes back to the concept of the Croatian (Italian?) Researcher Mauro Orbini (? — 1614), who in his book "The Historiography of the Slavic people," written in 1606 (published in St. Petersburg in 1722.), Based on which was not preserved sources (apparently seized the Vatican), just wrote: "The Russian people is the oldest people on earth, from which all the other nations. Empire courage of his soldiers and the best weapons in the world for thousands of years kept the universe in obedience and submission. Russian has always owned the whole of Asia, Africa, Persia, Egypt, Greece, Macedonia, Illyria, Moravian Silesian land, the Czech Republic, Poland and all the Baltic Sea, Italy and many other countries and the earth … "
This concept is supported by two Russian genius VNTatischev (1686-1750) in the "History of Russia" and Mikhail Lomonosov (1711-1765) in the "ancient Russian history." Studies devotees were published only after their death. However, the important thing is that both thinkers have come to the same conclusion, prichet separately: the roots of the history of the Slavs and Russian are in the depths of thousands of years and for the many ancient peoples who lived from time immemorial in Eurasia. They are known by different names, and other ancient writers (compilers Bible, Arabic, Persian, Chinese chroniclers).
Tatishchev led pedigree Slavic-Russian Scythian tribes from birth. Scythians-chipped and kindred tribes, are known from 1st millennium BC and occupied a huge territory from the Danube River to the Pacific Ocean. What is interesting, the Byzantines called "Scythians". "Tavroskifami" soldiers of the Russian princes Askold, Oleg, Igor, Svyatoslav. And Russia is often called the "Great Scythia-calotte.
Lomonosov in "Ancient Russian History" believed that the Slavic-Russian tribes inhabited the vast region from the Baltic and Central Europe to the Black Sea and the Caucasus, and they were known by the names Wends Veneto, Varangian Ros, Sarmatian, Roksolana. Lomonosov denied allegations of German historians that Rurik and the Vikings were German family, proving that Rurik and Vikings — are Western Russes. Even the name "Rurik" Russian roots and means "Rarog" — hawk.
Lomonosov Tatishchev not alone carefully studied the question of the origin of the roots of the Russian people. Very detailed and carefully analyzed this issue VK Trediakovskii (1703-1769) — in his historical work: "The three talk about the three main Russian antiquities, namely: I of the primacy of the Slovenian language tevtonicheskim, II of the original Rossov, III of Varangian Russo, Slovenian rank, gender, and language. " Well educated scientist and writer, who studied at the Moscow Slavonic-Greek-Latin Academy in the Netherlands, France, fluent in many languages, living and dead, a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the Latin and Russian rhetoric, a prominent Russian educator, who was standing with MV Lomonosov at the origins of Russian grammar and prosody. Trediakovskii supported and developed the idea of the Russian early Tatishcheva "Scythians", and proved and their self-Russian origin. "Scythians monasteries" — a "wanderers" that is, the people lead a fairly sedentary life, "nomads".
Russian view of history, which goes from thinkers of the 18th century, was extended and locked in the works of researchers 19-20 centuries: Tadeusz (Thaddeus) Volanskogo (1785-1865), AD Chertkov (1789-1858), E. Klassen ( 1795-1862), Yuri Venelin (1802-1839), FL Moroshkina (1804-1857), Khomyakov (1804-1860), Ivan Zabelin (1820-1909), D. and . Ilovaisky (1832-1920), DY Samokvasova (1843-1911), A. Sobolev (1857-1927), G. Vernadsky (1877-1973), and several other devotees.
G. Vernadsky in his book "Ancient Russia," began the story of the Russian people from the Stone Age had a Cimmerian, Scythian, Sarmatian, Hunno-antsky periods. Archaeologist and historian DY Samokvasov — defended Scythian roots of the Russian people, calling the original homeland of Russia — "Ancient Wanderings."
Bulgarian historian, Slavic, ascetic Slavic national revival Yu Venelin — thought that Attila was the Grand Duke Power Rusov. He is also the first to put forward the hypothesis that the first ruling dynasty of France — Merovingians and founded a Russian prince examples.
Great importance for the Russian identity is the work of President Society of History and Russian Antiquities AD Chertkov, "Essay on the ancient history of protosloven", "Pelasgian-Thracian tribes, inhabiting Italy", "On Language, Pelasgians, inhabiting Italy." Based on a thorough knowledge of ancient languages, a huge number of sources available to him, Chertkov pointed to the linguistic and ethno-cultural affinity between the Slavs and the Pelasgians, Etruscans, Scythians, Thracians, Getae, the ancient Greeks and Romans. Opening Chertkov not become an event of great importance and value in national and world history, as not consistent with the generally accepted concept of world history.
Opening Chertkov, that the Etruscans-raseny akin to the Slavs, was supported in his studies T. Volansky Polish devotee. He deciphered the large number of Etruscan inscriptions, deciphering it was based on Slavic languages. T. Volansky also studied the inscriptions and other civilizations made the sensational conclusion that the area of settlement of Slavic-Russian families in the south of the ancient stretched from North Africa (Egypt, Carthage) to Persia and India. Indirectly, the proper way is evidenced by the fact that the works of F. Volanskogo in 1853 were recorded in the Vatican in the "Index of Forbidden Books," and sentenced to be burned immediately. Volansky challenged the Western concept of world history and the Pope responded immediately.
Further research Volanskogo used various researchers, advocates kinship Etruscans and Slavs. The modern researcher Chudinov (born in 1942) believes that the Slavic-Russian Vedic civilization and Slavic runic writing was the first in the world.
Linguist GS Grinevich (b. 1938) was a summary table of Slavonic literature. Concluded that much of the ancient inscriptions — terteriyskie, Ayurveda, Cretan, Etruscan — made on Slavonic language.
Great importance are recent studies on DNA genealogy because A. Klyosov pushed border origin of the Russian people for 12,000 years.
Currently, the most comprehensive concept authentic Russian history, with 40 millennium BC to the present day, as the main core of the world historical process — the part of the Russian thinker, philosopher, historian YD Petukhov (1951-2009). In his book "Paths of the Gods", published in 1990, it is based on a comparative mifoanaliza, linguistics answer an important question — who were the mysterious Indo-Aryans. He proved that the ancestors of the Indo-European language family, were Slavs-Aryans-ruses.
In 1994-2000 years Petukhov made a series of trips to the Mediterranean basin, the Middle East, Egypt, Asia, and learn important archaeological sites in the area, studying the collections of leading museums in the regions. And get a huge resource base data supporting its conclusions, in 2000 began publishing a multi-volume "The True Story Rusov" (with 40 thousand BC. Oe.) Unfortunately strange death Interrupted Russian titanium Spirit did not allow complete edition of the works, a thinker provided baseline data from 40 to 3 thousand BC. e. But most importantly, he concluded that "the people are incredibly Russ is ancient, almost izvechen, it spawned a host of other nations."
And the point of Russian historians, the Patriots continue begun Russian ascetic ages 18-20, to break the conspiracy of silence.
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