Since then, both were at the end of last year, rare, yet timid, flashes of national consciousness, my heart — a lump of pain, and the soul is eager for action. It is a sign, sign, sign! Russ returned to the ancient concept of honor. Returns ancient, holy faith in human dignity in direct opposition of the authorities. Ready to return to the ancient technology, soon this will be possible to speak openly. Returns to the world of Sacred Russ!
The historical roots of the Russian people
Software web Ilya Glazunov "Eternal Russia", originally titled "One Hundred and ever." Period is reckoned from the intended outcome of the ancient Aryans from their ancestral home, which led to the collapse of a single pranaroda and one language to some branches. The symbol of the former ancestral home of the Great — Polaris World Mountain, placed in the top left, and opens visuals on the song Glazunov.
One hundred centuries? "The Book of Veles" down to the ancient pranaroda and his direct descendants of Slavic and Russian tribes full zodiacal year? Lomonosov called fantastic date: 399 000 years. And relied on calculations calculate the Babylonian astronomers and evidence Egyptians recorded the ancient historians.
In "The Tale of Bygone Years", from which all the main Russian chronicles, the first real date called 852 AD In that year, appeared in the walls of Constantinople, a powerful Russian fleet — because of that and got Sia date in Byzantine chronicles, and then — in Russian chronicles.
Next truly familiar date — 862, when allegedly were called to rule Novgorod Rurik and his brothers. It is from that time, it was customary for a long time to count in Russian history: in 1862, it was noted even with the greatest pomp so-called Millennium of Russia.
But there is in Russian chronicles one date, not recognized by official science. We are talking about the Old treatise known as the "Legend of Slovenia and Ruse in Slovenska" included many Russian edition chronographs since the seventeenth century. It tells of the patriarchs and the leaders of Russian and Slavic people, who, after many wanderings around the world appeared on the banks of the Volkhov and Lake Ilmen in mid millennium BC (!), Founded the city of Slovenia and Staraya Russa and began an impressive military campaigns. As stated in the original source, went "to the Egyptian and other barbarous countries" where we direct the "great fear." It should think about: Egypt, Babylon, Chaldea, Assyria etc. Russ was for barbarians. I'm not talking about Jews and other meloch.V "Tale" is called and the exact date of the foundation of the Great Slovenska — 2409 BC After three thousand years after the double neglect, the site of the first capital of the Russian state, the word was built Novgorod, which is named so, because "cut down" was in place of the old city, on whose behalf the Novgorod long time still continued to be nicknamed "Slovenia" (those of their knows Nestorova chronicle). Novograd got from his predecessor, and also attachment — Great.
Modern historians snobs, like their predecessors, according to the legend of Ruse and Slovenia pure fiction. So Karamzin in a note to the first volume of the "History of the Russian State" calls such stories "tales, introduced in the annals of the ignorant."
Of course, obscure historians XVII. and added something of himself, especially in terms of likes and preferences. And who, pray tell, did not do? Karamzin, or what? According to the number of subjective speculation and gag "History of the Russian State" will give a hundred points handicap any chronograph and chronicler. One melancholy beginning work which Karamzin Street: "This is a great part of Europe and Asia, now called Russia, in temperate climates, it has been inhabited from time immemorial, but the wild, plunged into the depth of ignorance people who are not being marked."
Documentation of the fact that "The Legend of Slovenia and Rousse" originally had long circulated orally, contained in a letter to the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences one of the early Russian historians Peter Nikiforovich Krekshino (1684 — 1763), the event, by the way, of the Novgorod nobility. Drawing attention to the pundits on the need to consider and use in historical studies chronicle "Tales of Slovenia and Ruse," he noted that the Novgorod "since ancient times to each other about the hold they say," that is historical tradition orally from generation to generation.
So with the legendary history of Russia the situation was not as it seemed to Karamzin, and many historians. In contrast, the Lomonosov saw in the ancient tales of the Russian people the echoes of historical reality. As noted by the great Russian in his major historical work, "The ancient history of Russia from the beginning of the Russian people to the death of Grand Prince Yaroslav the First …" (published posthumously in 1766), even if "the names of words and Roos and other brothers were fictional, but there are cases northern Slavs in Novgorod chronicler described, though not nasty. "
Legends about the origin of any nation always kept as a great spiritual value and carefully passed from mouth to mouth through the centuries and millennia. Sooner or later there are some ascetic, who recorded "ancient legends." Thus Homer (chronicles the Trojan War) were recorded in ancient times, Russian and Polish traditions — at the beginning of the second millennium BC. e. "Rigveda" and "Avesta" — in the XVIII century., Russian folk tales, and the Karelian-Finnish runes — in the XIX century. etc.
Domestic annals always relied on, oral, often folk, tradition, which could not be retained echoes of times past. This is also the initial Russian chronicle attributed to a monk of the Kiev-Pechersk Monastery Nestor (1050s. — Beginning of the XII century.): The oldest part of the "Tale of Bygone Years", dedicated to the events that occurred before the birth of Nestor the Chronicler, is mainly based on oral traditions .
At the very word names Nestor and Roos does not occur. For which there are weighty reasons. Most of the extant ancient chronicles of Kiev have an orientation that is written, edited and corrected in favor of the ruling Princes of Kiev, and in the future — for the sake of the Moscow grand princes and tsars. Novgorod same chronicle with very different political orientation and revealing the true historical roots as camogo the Russian people, and the right to Russia long before Rurik princes, concealed or destroyed. The fact that there once was, can be seen in the annals of Novgorod Bishop Joachim (date of birth unknown — died in 1030), which is reached only in the retelling Basil Nikitich Tatishchev.
The war against Russia is already very long and very, very successful. Of course, not on the battlefield, where we are all always beaten and hurt a lot, but where the West has always won and continues to win — in the information wars. The main goal — to show the inhabitants of our country, then they are stupid mindless trash, not even a second-rate, but somewhere 06.07 level, without past or future. And it almost proved — even the authors of many patriotic articles agree with this approach completely.
Example 1: We have recently celebrated the 1000th anniversary of Russia. When she appeared on the reality?
The first capital (only the capital of a big country!) In Slovenska, was founded in 2409 BC (3099 years old from the creation of the world) the source of information — the chronicle of the monastery on the river bondsmen Mologa, chronograph Academician MN Tikhomirov, "Notes on Muscovite "S. Herberstein," The Legend of Slovenia and Ruse "having widespread circulation and recorded many ethnographers.
It is believed that Novgorod was built on the site of the Slovenska, I pestered leading excavations archaeologists as plausible. Literally, I was told this: "And hell knows. We're there already dug up Paleolithic sites. " No, no, it's time for Slovenia and Ruse story begin!
Initial Novgorod chronicles fundamentally contrary to the interests and attitudes of the Kievan princes, to ideologies which were filed and the monks of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, including Nestor. Recognize that the ancient Kievan princes of Novgorod, Russian princely dynasty that existed long before Rurik — was considered at the time of Nestor terrible and unacceptable political sedition. It undermines the right of the Kievan princes on primal power, so ruthlessly eradicated.
Hence it is clear why in "The Tale of Bygone Years" is not a word about Slovenia and Russe, which paved the Russian state is not on the Kiev banks of the Dnieper, and on the banks of the Volkhov. Similarly ignores Nestor and last Duke doryurikovskoy dynasty — Gostomysla face is mentioned in historical and other primary sources, not to mention the oral folk tradition. Nestor after this "bad disease" has infected the modern historians from Karamzin, who quickly learned to see in the annals only what is beneficial for their subjective opinions.
And what is there to be surprised? Already in the XX century. in front of the direct participants in the events changed and rewritten the history of this landmark event, the October Revolution in Russia. From books, manuals and textbooks in tens and hundreds crossed out the names of those that revolution prepared and implemented. And after a while came the next revaluation of all values, and has drastically distorted image of the recent time-servers. This, in our time! What can we say about the affairs of bygone days?
And in times of Nestor and Kiev chronicle withdrawn from parchment and scrape any mention of the word and the Roos and the fact that long before the Kievan Rus in the northern latitudes flourished Slovenian Rus, which was the successor to Russia Novgorod, and only after this is the time of the Kievan princes.
However, extremely important, though indirect, reference is still preserved, despite a tough set to complete silence and later cleanup Kiev censors. Say, is in the "Tale of Bygone Years" one, at first glance, a strange phrase that the people of Novgorod the Great "before bo Besch Slovenia." Translated and interpreted this passage in the sense that first of Novgorod, he says, were Slavs. Attention!
Absurd, of course, you can imagine, "were Slavs." Now, who are they, in your opinion? Explained everything, however, is very simple. Novgorod was built on the site of the old capital Slovenian. That's why they are "above bo Besch Slovenia" — and no "Slavs" is not to blame. Except in the sense that the generic name of all present Slavs originated from the name of the Volkhov words — the first inhabitants of the Russian capital and Slovenska descendants of the Russian prince of words. But these "Slovenia", ie people Slovenian, also found on other sheets record: this is the original Nestor and calls people of Novgorod.
However, exactly the same vocalizations — "Slovenia" — used in the Primary Chronicle and the collective term "Slavs" to refer to my own people — Russian, Poles, Bulgarians, Serbs, Croats and others — speaking on related Slavic languages. Sometimes on the same chronicle sheet meets the same word in different contexts, and to the modern reader are inevitable confusion.
For example, Nestor wrote: "Slovenia is about sedosha Jezera Ilmerya [by the way, is called Lake Ilmen same way as in the" Legend of Slovenia and Ruse "- named Ilmer — sister of the legendary princes] and prozvashasya svoim imyanem and sdelasha Grad and narekosha and Novgorod. And friends sedosha on the Desna, and seven, in Sula, narekoshasya sever. And thus Razida slovensky language, the same charter prozvasya slovenskaya. " It is clear that the first sentence of this refers Slovenia — Slovenska former residents, now became Novgorod. In the last sentence of the speech is already on the Slavs and common to them Slavonic. In addition, the phrase provides a reasonable basis to believe that once a single Proto-Slavic people, who spoke on a common Proto-Slavic language, originally lived there, where were erected in Slovenska and Roos (later Russa), and words and Rus is the leader of another undifferentiated Slavic tribe, the middle of the third millennium BC quite suitable for the required time.
By the way, as no one else understood background of the events described by MV Lomonosov. As published in his lifetime, "Short Russian Chronicle with lineage" (1760), the great Russian scientist-patriot said: "Before the coming election and Rurikova lived within slavenskie Russian peoples. First, the Novgorod Slavs were called to cancel and the city since ancient times was known as the Slovenian ".
Certainly the fact that the "Slavs" were residents and citizens of the ancient Slovenska based Prince of Slovenia, was well known and Nestor, and his contemporaries. But talking about the author of "The Tale of Bygone Years" did not — or did not dare hesitate. So I had to adjust the story to the interests of the customer. So it was at all times — even to this day.
Why preserved indirect mention of the ancient Russian capital in the context of the old nicknames Novgorod — "Slovenia" (ie, citizens and residents of Prince word of Slovenian and Slovenian capital of the principality) — now we can only guess. Were the very Nestorovoy record any other details on this subject, then scraped from the parchment vigilant censor is unlikely to ever be able to learn. Most likely they were not, but there was a mistake — a slip monk.
And perhaps no accident. After all, "The Tale of Bygone Years" — not a dispassionate narrative works, and ostropolemicheskoe and accusatory, that manifests itself in particular where pravoslavnyy.monah distinguishes paganism or argues with people of other faiths — Muslims, Jews, Catholics. But not only that! The entire home record has clearly expressed a biased direction. Its author was necessary, first of all, to prove his birthright Kievan princes and legitimacy Rurik dynasty.
Make it was not easy: the population of the Dnieper, and the whole of Russia as a whole, holding sacred the memory of the first Russian princes — Ruse, Slovenia, Kie, Askold, Dir and others. So they had to resort to fraud: distortion and silencing. With Kiem, Askold and Dir was easier — it was attributed neknyazheskoe origin, and all doubts as to the right of the throne of Kiev Rurik automatically eliminated. With Slovenia and Roos was harder: dispute that is certain, it was pointless and ridiculous. Was much safer to pretend that nothing of the sort, however, did not. Perhaps over time people will forget all about that.
Look in this connection again to the famous introduction (intonation) to the "Tale of Bygone Years", "Behold the story vremyannyh years has gone from Russian land, who in Kiev knyazhiti start the first, and where there was the Russian land." Most modern readers is seen in Nesterov set of three words of question, almost elegiac sentences.
In reality, there are not questions, and categorical statements. Some people would like to see them almost poetic repetition. In fact, there is a purely rhetorical devices due polemical needs. Nestor by all means necessary to prove that the Kievan Prince Rurik "first" in Russia who else, "the first in the sense of" before "- here is the keyword Nesterov introductions and the entire record as a whole.
Not everyone, however, is properly understood, and therefore transferred instead of the "first" (which does not require any translation) as the "first", "Who in Kiev was the first to reign." That is: "Who was the first prince of Kiev" — that's all, he says, the question. Not at all! Seemingly neutral Nestorov question: "Who in the beginning of the first knyazhiti Kiev" — is the most important political meaning and implies the ending, "Who in Kiev began to reign earlier than in a Novgorod, that is, the former Slovenske great." Therefore is repeated again almost exactly the initial statement that one wants to read, "Now I will explain to you," where there was the Russian land "-" From here, from Kiev, she was there, and nowhere more! "
Incidentally, Kyiv commemorated only in the Laurentian list Nestorovoy "Tale." In the Ipatiev Chronicle inscribed without any mention of Kiev: "… Where have gone Russian land, was there, and who was pochal knyazhiti before any others." Askold and Dir are still referred to as the first prince of Kiev. But, first, it is a late registration, and, secondly, does not change the main political goal of the Kiev chronicle: prove superiority of Kiev and its rulers in the Russian land and silenced the names of ancient Russian rulers — the word and Roos.
Amazing metamorphosis occurs and chronicles and Novgorod. How freely and shamelessly treated Nesterov subsequent text editors and scribes, see at least one, but fundamentally important phrase. It concerns the distribution of Russian lands after calling princes. In modern translations of the "Tale of Bygone Years", anthologies, compilations and scientific textbooks, says that after the arrival to Russia Rurik began to reign in Novgorod, Sineus — on Byelozero and Truvor — in Izborsk.
In fact, in the most ancient and prestigious annals of Rurik said something completely different. In Ipatiev and Radzivilovskoy chronicles say that by coming to the land of Novgorod, brothers-Vikings "cut down" the city Ladoga. In it, the "village" and became the ruler of Rurik. Consequently, Ladoga was the first capital of the new ruling dynasty of Rurik.
About that Great Novgorod Rurik was elected as the capital city, in this excerpt chronicles says nothing. The Laurentian list in this place at all gaping gap. It is this gap filled Karamzin and Novgorod. Novgorod is the creator of "The History of the Russian State" borrowed from no one available now, and certainly later Trinity Chronicle, which burned down, along with other priceless relics of Russian culture at the famous Moscow fire of 1812 Karamzin had time to make a list of the lost extensive extracts.
But what's interesting: in the text of Trinity Chronicle as well as in the Laurentian list, the site of the first capital of Rurik mention was listed space: But in the margin of a late hand reader was a postscript: "Novgorod". It is this strange postscript XVIII century. Karamzin void sumnyashesya and selected as a template for your version of the episode with the "vocation of Princes", which was the canon and for most subsequent interpretations.
Mention Novgorod synopsis Karamzin, not having anything to do with Nestor the Chronicler, was immediately canonized, absolutized and declared the ultimate truth. The seemingly out of good intentions is simple forgery and falsification of history. Karamzin still present as Nestor and inexperienced reader and can not think that all the holes in this.
By the way, a prominent researcher of Russian chronicles Shakhmatov Academician Alexei Alexandrovich (1864-1920), which is the same ardent Normanists as Karamzin, anywhere Ladoga to Novgorod did not replace, but did not understand the true political and ideological background chronicles metamorphosis.
Can not but amaze also strange clarity in choosing idols: statements of Karamzin lost Trinity Chronicle deemed more authentic than the rest of Nestor the Chronicler, but the same sketchy retelling Tatishchev Ioakimovskoy lost record, which does not coincide with the official and semi-official point of view, is considered doubtful and almost fake.
From the foregoing it is clear also that, at first glance, strange, why "The Legend of Slovenia and Rousse" powerful handwriting flow came into use only in Russian life from the XVII century. Why it happened — to guess, in general, is also not difficult. In 1613 the Zemsky Sobor in Moscow the king was elected Mikhail Romanov — the representative of the new dynasty, which ruled Russia until 1917 Rhode Rurik died down, and you can not be afraid of persecution and repression of seditious propaganda works refuting the official (in the past ) point of view. More recently, a similar free-thinking one could get on the block or on the rack, and at best to lose the language (not talked) and eyes (not to read).
Well, as dealt with dissent and free-thinking during the "independent" Republic of Novgorod, with chilling detailed in the documentary accounts of the campaign the Emperor of All Russia Ivan III to Novgorod in the summer of 1471 after the Battle of the ashes Shelonskoy Staraya Russa himself the Grand Prince of Moscow was indicative inflicted violence against the followers and supporters of the self-reliance of Novgorod Governor's Wife Martha, advocated the annexation of Novgorod to the Commonwealth. To begin with ordinary prisoners cut off their noses, lips and ears, and as such allowed to go home to demonstrate that in the future expect any troublemakers who do not agree with the position of the supreme authority of Moscow. The prisoners were brought to the same old Russian governor of the area, and before cut off their heads, each pre-cut tongue and threw it to the dogs to be devoured by hungry (to continue to teach it to others what not to chat.)
And a little more than two decades, all that Ivan III gave another lesson in Novgorod and demonstrated attitude of those in power to any dissent. When many Orthodox inhabitants of Novgorod the Great and they lured the demon in droves suddenly set out to take the Jewish faith (the "heresy Judaizers"), the king did not wait for the end of this strange story of heresy and strangled in the cradle, with many of its supporters were burnt alive in the log cabins, the rest fiercely tortured on the rack, forcing renounce seditious ideas, and then went into exile.
In the future, little has changed. Semi-official history has always defended the authorities of all the available methods. Any infringement of canonized view and departure from the established pattern ruthlessly suppressed. Is not sentenced to a public burning of the Senate, in the XVIII century. Jacob Knyazhnin tragedy (1742-1791) "Vadim"? And why not? In the first place, because the scant information Nikon (Patriarch) Chronicle of Novgorod uprising led by Vadim Brave against Rurik and his family contradicts the official court setting. And so it went — until the present day …
Truly "The Legend of Slovenia and Ruse" should be one of the most famous works of Russian literature — in the meantime it is famous only because it is known to a narrow circle of specialists skeptical and do not know a wide range of readers. Something is amiss in the Russian historiography …
Since the militant Russophobes Normanists-XVIII-XIX centuries. in the historical literature is imposed far from the point of view of science, according to which the actual Russian history begins allegedly calling Varangian princes, as well as follow soon after that of Christianity. Until then stayed the Russian people, they say, in the wild, barbaric state, not to mention the fact that the Slavic tribes in general are newcomers to the area where they live in the moment.
Denial of identity and the indigenous ancient Russian culture, and indeed rejection ancient roots of the Russian people and the establishment of the boundaries of its historical existence somewhere in the IX. n. e. (Some lower this bar to restrictive IV — VI centuries) was on hand and the official authorities, and representatives of the church. The first was not interested in whatever was outside state legal entities, and their occurrence is uniquely associated with the glorification of the first ruling dynasty of Rurik.
The second is more than satisfied thesis savagery of manners and culture of the Russian people to the adoption of Christianity. This position is encouraged and cultivated, has survived to this day and took a dominant position in the school and university textbooks, scientific and popular literature, the media, etc. The result is imposed universally believed that up to (above) the time the limits of the Russian people, as it were, and does not exist, being in extrahistorical state, and when there was a (seemingly out of nowhere) on the historical stage, just took the ideology, culture and state legal traditions found before him and without him.
Fortunately, in the Russian historical science has always been strong and the other direction. Many eminent scholars and soldiers were constantly looking for the origins of Russian identity in the very depths of human history, not in opposition to the ancient Slavic ethnic groups that lived in what is now Russia and seeking Russian roots (and not only) for the peoples for centuries lived in the North and in other regions of Eurasia . This tradition goes back to the two great figures of Russian science — Vasily Nikitich Tatishchev (1686-1750) and Mikhail Lomonosov (1711-1765).
Proceedings of both dedicated to the ancient Russian history, were published posthumously, the first volume of the "History of Russia" Tatishchev, which is considered in detail the genesis of the Russian people, was released a year later even Lomonosov "Ancient Russian History …" (although it was created almost two decades before). However, the two Russian scientists independently advocated the same idea: the roots of the Russian people go to the depths and affect thousands of ethnic groups, anciently inhabited the north of Eurasia and known by different names, and other ancient authors (The latter include the compilers of biblical books, Arabic, Persian, Chinese and other chroniclers).
Tatishchev directly led Slavic ancestry (and therefore, and Russian) from the Scythians, according to recent data appeared in the Black Sea region is tentatively in VII. BC. e., the area as their settlement spread far to the North and Siberia, calling our distant ancestors of the northern Scythians [g] iperboreyskimi. Forefather of Slavic and Russian, from the data of the Babylonian Chronicle Berosus, Josephus and more recent historians ^ up to the anonymous author of the "Synopsis» XVII c., Tatishchev believed Mocoha — the sixth son of the Biblical Japhet (Japheth), and the grandson of the legendary Noah.
AI Aces successfully explains the origin of the name of Proto Mock and ancient word "brain": a speech last two consonants are deaf, and all the word sounds like "mock". On behalf Mosoha (Mosca) subsequently formed the name Moscow-river at first, then a city on it, Muscovy, Muscovy, moskvityane Muscovites … Japhet (Japheth), the son of Noah, according to many, is identical Greek titan Iapetus (Iapetus) father of Prometheus, who lived, like all the other Titans (after the defeat of the Olympians and the temporary overthrow in Tartarus), the Islands of the Blessed, at the very edge of the earth, that is, in the far north — in Hyperborea (which will be discussed later).
Pedigree of the descendants of Noah and based on it, the legends were once extremely popular in Russia and spawned a string of apocryphal writings. There are about a hundred lists of these "stories" — mainly XVII., Some of which are fully engaged in chronographs and chroniclers (eg, "Mazurinsky chronicler"). The publication of these works, it is essential for the understanding of Russian history and the formation of national identity, stopped in the last century.
Modern scholars generally consider them to be a product of pure writing. Someone allegedly sat (and where such a shrewd come from?), Looked at the ceiling and nothing better to do wrote that comes into my head, and then the other had written off. So after all that? But no! The Ghost Writer, beyond any doubt, do not rely on some extant sources (if not written, then oral). Consequently, the core of these stories is based on the true historian though encoded in the form of images preliterate creativity of the masses.
Historians emphasized arrogant snobs and almost with disgust refers to attempts to reduce the genesis of ancient peoples concerns the individual ancestors or progenitors, considering it only as an act of creativity mythopoetic. But the facts tell a different story. Nobody sees nothing inappropriate in the statements such as "Ivan the Terrible took Kazan," "Peter the Great built St. Petersburg", "Suvorov crossed the Alps", "Kutuzov defeated Napoleon." Everyone is clear: although we are talking about the events connected with the acts of the large masses of people who represent them in each case individuals. So it was in the past, always will be. In addition, the generations of all times began with a reference point, and it always assign a specific individual — even legendary.
Tatishchev was not alone in the study of the ancient roots of the Russian tribe. No less scrupulous and panoramic analyzed the problem Vasily Kirillovich Trediakovskij (1703-1768) in a large historical work, detailing, in the spirit of the XVIII century., Entitled: "The three talk about the three main Russian antiquities, namely: I of the primacy of the Slovenian language tevtonicheskim , II of the original Rossov, III of the Varangian Rus, Slovenian rank, gender, and language "(St. Petersburg, 1773). This undeservedly forgotten treatise only on Mosohe (MOSH) as ancestors of the Muscovite Muscovite devoted no less than two dozen pages. The conclusion is that "… Russia-Mosch is the forefather of both Russia and the MOSH … Ros-Mosch is a single person and, therefore, Russia and Moskhs are one people, but different generations … Russia has its own, not a common noun and adjective name is predimenie Moskhovo "*. [Trediakovskii VK complete works in three volumes. T. 3. SPb., 1849. S. 378.]
Trediakovskii like no other, was entitled to a thoughtful historical and linguistic and etymological analysis vysheochertannyh problems. Well-educated scholar, who studied not only in Moscow Slavonic-Greek-Latin Academy, but also in the Netherlands, and the universities of Paris Sorbonne, who spoke freely with many ancient and modern languages, worked as a staff interpreter at the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg, and approved by the academician in the Latin Russian and eloquence, — outstanding domestic educator stood with Lomonosov at the origins of Russian grammar and poetry and was a worthy successor Tatishchev in Russian history.
In addition to an enviable erudition Trediakovskii had the rare gift, his characteristic as a poet — a sense of the language and an intuitive understanding of the deep meaning of the words that no one knows scientist pedant. For example, he strongly supported and developed the opinion referred to in more Tatischev of Russianness Greek name "Scythians".
In accordance with Greek phonetics to pronounce the word "skit [f] s." The second syllable in the Greek spelling of the word "Scythians" starts with "theta", dubbed in Russian and it is pronounced as "f" and as a "t" — and with time uttering the sound changed. Thus, taken from the Greek language, the word "theater" to the XVIII century. sounded like "featr" and the word "Theogony" ("the origin of the gods") recently wrote "feogoniya." Hence, too, splitting sound of names in different languages that have a common origin: Fe [o] dor — Theodore Thomas — Tom [ac].
Before the reform of the Russian alphabet in its composition (as the penultimate) was the letter "phi", designed to transfer the borrowed words that include the letter "theta". And the word "Scythians" in pre-revolutionary publications written by "Fitou". In reality, the "cell" — a purely Russian root forming lexical nest with words like "wander", "wander". Consequently, the "Scythian hermitages" literally means "wanderers" ("Nomads"). Second, as a late borrowing from Greek, where it served as the name of the desert, the total root base "Skeet" re-entered the Russian usage in the sense of "distant monastic sanctuary" or "Old Believers monastery."
Lomonosov on the question: Is it possible to call the ancestor Mosoha Slavic tribe in general and the Russian people in particular — spoke flexible and diplomatic. Great Russians did not accept irrevocably, but not categorically rejected the possibility of a positive response, leaving the "everyone will own opinion on the" *. [MV Lomonosov ancient Russian history from the beginning of the Russian people to the death of Grand Prince Yaroslav the First or to St. Petersburg in 1054., 1766. P. 13.]
Similarly, it was seen, and a number of plausible relationship with the Muscovites Slav tribe Herodot Meskhis caught eventually, in Georgia. As for the Herodot "Stories," its authority to uncover the genetic roots of the Russian tribe Lomonosov considered indisputable. In a concentrated form of the same understanding subsequently to another outstanding Russian historian — Ivan Zabelin Ye (1820-1909): "… No doubt … and denies the criticism can not take away from the true treasures of Russian history, its first chronicler, who himself is the" Father of History " — Herodotus. "
Now the idea of a direct relationship of the Slavic Rus with the Scythians and other ancient peoples of Eurasia is considered not only as naïve. Meanwhile position Tatishchev-University — Zabelina can be significantly supported by arguments drawn from historical linguistics, mythology and folklore. The line of historians XVII-eighteenth centuries. Was continued and is enshrined in the works of Dmitri Ivanovich Ilovaisky (1832-1920) and George V. Vernadsky (1877-1973), who wrote a book in English, "Old Russia" (1938, Russian . edition — 1996), where the story begins with the Russian people of the Stone Age, and is conducted through the following steps: Cimmerian, Scythian, Sarmatian, etc.
You can not go through and past the historical writings of Alexander Nechvolodova. Known in the past, an archaeologist and historian of Russian law Samokvasov Dmitry Yakovlevich (1843-1911) also defended the Scythian origin of the Russian people, and referred to the ancient ancestral slavyanorusov. Naturally, we should not focus on only one Russian-Scythian affinity, but also on the genetic unity of many people who lived in ancient Eurasia.
History is not always kind to his own guardian, ascetics and chroniclers. Examples of this are countless. For Russian is instructive and revealing the life and activity of the person who has made an undeniable contribution to the formation and organization of historical science in Russia. His name, saying little modern reader — Alexander D. Chertkov (1789-1853).
He had one of Russia's richest collections books, manuscripts and numismatic rarities. On this basis, was subsequently established and built up (the house with stucco facade in early Butcher Street) Chertkovsky famous private library — free and available to all. Here, by the way, before moving to the Rumyantsev Museum worked NF Fedorov and here he became acquainted with a young Tsiolkovskiy, prolonged contact of the two Russian cosmists in walls Chertkovsky library in 1873/74 years. had a decisive influence on the outer world of the future founder of theoretical and practical space. Chertkov priceless collection was donated to Moscow for some time resided in the Rumyantsev Museum (now the Russian State Library), now the book is in the historic library and manuscripts — the Historical Museum.
In his later years Chertkov was president of the "Society of History and Russian Antiquities" and published in the "Annals" of the Company, as well as individual prints (books) are some amazing historical research, "Essay on the ancient history of the proto-word" (1851), " Thracian tribes who lived in Asia Minor "(1852)," Pelasgian-Thracian tribes, inhabiting Italy "(1853)," On Language Pelasgians, inhabiting Italy "(1855). Drawing on a deep knowledge of ancient languages and almost all sources available to him, Chertkov pointed linguistic and ethno-cultural affinity between slavyanorusami on the one hand and, on the other — with the Pelasgians, Etruscans, Scythians, Thracians, Getae, Greeks, Romans … But Grätzel-romance, which it is reasonable to compare with Heinrich Schliemann, not become an event in the domestic and world historiography. Here in high esteem were quite different values: an empirical and positivist, vulgar-sociological, psychological, structuralist, semantic, semiotic, etc.
And now the time has not yet come Chertkov, tremendous work done by them and waiting for its continuation, and their followers. However, the current approach does not require removal of Slavic-Russian from pelasgiyskogo or Etruscan and Crete, as was recently done in the book by S. Grinevitch "Proto-Slavic alphabet. Results decryption "(Wiley, 1993), and search for common sources of all Indo-European languages and neindoevropeyskih.
The roots of the Russian language and the Russian people are much deeper. The origins go back to Russia and discover thousands of years given its origins in the undifferentiated ethnolinguistic community, which, in fact, humanity began. The origin of the Slavs, Russian and all other peoples, their languages and cultures is presented in an entirely different light, if we analyze the well-known facts in the light of the history of Hyperborea.
And in the summer of 3099 from the creation of the world of words and their delivery Eng otluchishasya from Eksinoponta and idosha of age, and from the brethren of their own, and hozhdahu country of the universe, like a ostrokrilaty orly preletahu through an empty lot, going to your place meet for the check. And in many mesteh pochivahu, mechtuyusche but nowhere then gained their universe by his own heart. 14 pustyya country obhozhdahu, dondezhe Jezera come down some great Moiksa zovomago, subsequent from a word Ilmer proimenovasya in the name of their sister Ilmery. Then divination command them be alone naselnikom place thereof.
Language is not easy, but the essence is simple: 2.5 thousand years ago, the Aryan clans had already absent himself back and forth on Ilmen and Ladoga. That is to say, without going into deeper studies, we can say with a half thousand years of Russian history advanced civilization Likhachev and his friends stole! You and I, and pop Alexy II (Riediger) with Putin something like celebrating the 1020th anniversary. Togo-to not really, because Cyril with Kuraev further flooded, now with Medvedev. Well, we need such tries priests and rulers, who do not remember rodctva?