November 27, 2011 4:59
Published sensational results of eight years of neurophysiologists Sounsona Larry W. and Richard Thompson, which gave a detailed map of the human brain — the official journal of the National Academy of Sciences USA. It turned out that the structure of the brain interact with each other like the Internet, that is, a "horizontal" structure.
To confirm his theory of "brain internet", scientists have developed a unique methodology that allows you to record incoming and outgoing signals simultaneously in two centers of the brain. The experiments were performed on rats, and as a demonstration monitors the signals passing through the centers of pleasure.
Previously it was thought that the process of thinking is on the "vertical" hierarchical, that is, when the work of individual sections of the brain is organized around the higher centers of conscious thought.
The value of this discovery is that, first, explains the mechanism of the reduction of thought processes after severe traumatic brain injury, resulting in disrupted the structure of gray matter. Second, have a fantastic opportunity to create new and unexpected relationships and their further management.
The first time scientists have managed to create a complete anatomical and genetic map of the human brain. This may provide an impetus to the creation of new treatments for a range of diseases.
A team of researchers from the U.S. Allen Institute used the latest technology, and for four years has been working on creating a detailed map of the brain. Maps biochemistry of the central nervous system of two adults showed that both brain are identical at 94%. Also, about 82% of all genes in the human genotype responsible for the brain.
The atlas, which was named "Atlas of the human brain Alain", displayed 1000 anatomical structures of the brain and observed 100 million pixels, indicating some gene expression with an explanation of each of the basic biochemistry of structures. Atlas was posted on a public site. Researchers can use the data of the atlas, for example, in studying the effect of injuries and illnesses to different areas of the brain.
"So far, so a detailed map of the human brain does not exist" — proudly note. Learning how our genes are used in the brain to help researchers and health professionals to better understand and treat a range of diseases of complex organs in the human body, including psihichekskie disorders, drug addiction, Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, autism and Parkinson's disease.
According to the materials network iternete