British believe that gastric emptying in normal may be three times a day to three times a week. Domestic proctology believe that the rate may be only a daily colon cleansing, a deviation from this rule — is constipation. Ideally chair should to be every day in the morning, once.
That predispose to constipation?
The absence in the diet of fruits and vegetables, especially raw, crude fiber, which contain black bread and cereals, deprives the human pathogen natural peristalsis. The diet of modern man has too "soft", easily digestible ingredients: white bread, a simple sugar, broth. Animal fats and proteins (meat, fish, eggs, dairy oil) Did not make the colon "work hard", causing constipation and intestinal atony. Dining different sandwiches, sandwiches, hamburgers, cheeseburgers, hot dogs, especially in haste, "on the run", the lack in the diet entrees — all contribute to constipation.
The liquid content in the food and drink to be not less than 1.5-2 liters per day (of course, if no contraindications to the heart, kidneys, blood pressure). In modern Hollywood films are often seen as a superhero, munching a sandwich on the run, makes a lot of cases: working on the computer drives the car, a busy business negotiations, etc. American nutritionists have come to the conclusion that this food leads to many disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.
You need to eat in a relaxed environment, there should be slowly, chewing food thoroughly, and not swallowing it with pieces on the go. All kinds of stress, unhealthy lifestyle can cause disorders of the intestines. For example, some children are shy to use the collective toilets in schools, put it off "case" before returning home. Secretary in the office or a store cashier in a continuous stream of visitors to detain urging to stool before the end of the work. It gradually decreases receptor sensitivity of the colon. Lack of physical exercise in modern urban humans leads to a general weakening of the body of the physical tone, including intestinal tonus.
How to deal with constipation?
Knowing these reasons, we can gain a personal program to combat constipation. Well, if it does not work? In such a case is permissible to resort to laxatives appropriate mechanisms of action:
- causing chemical irritation of the intestinal receptor: bisacodyl, castor oil, Antraglikozidy rhubarb root, buckthorn bark, fruits zhostera, senna leaves, Sabur;
- increase the volume of stool: lactulose, saline laxatives, linseed, agar-agar, kelp;
- stool softeners: Vaseline, almond, olive and other vegetable oils.
Laxative effect is dependent on the drug, its dosage and the individual sensitivity. Spastic constipation used antispasmodics.
2-3 days when no chair, and diet and laxatives do not help, you can put a cleansing enema. To cal not injured gut mucosa, in the water, which is enema, need to add 2-3 tablespoons of vegetable oil. Water for enemas not necessarily be boiled, it can be regular tap water. Its temperature should be at room or 20-36 degrees Celsius. Volume of the enema of 0.5 to 1 liter.