Third Breeding bison may appear in Russia in 2013, in North Ossetia, its design is ongoing, told RIA Novosti the program coordinator for the Conservation of Biodiversity of the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Russia Vladimir Krever.
"We believe in the Caucasus, North Ossetia to build another Breeding bison, which will focus on feeding groups of the North Caucasus, and the efforts of nurseries in the Oka and Oka-Terrace reserves to focus on the plains of Russia. Hopefully next summer will begin construction and theoretically autumn there may appear the first bison "- said Krever.
As noted biologist, the nursery will be built on the initiative of the WWF, and in agreement with the government, and the design work is currently maintained by staff of the fund and acting Breeding bison.
"Construction will go mainly due to the budget of North Ossetia and sponsor -" Resorts of the North Caucasus. "Area chosen hunting estate in nearby Vladikavkaz. Additional semi content herd, but we want to make it as a piece of open to visitors, so that everyone can come and see bison, "- said the representative of WWF.
According to the Krever, "capacity" of the two existing nursery failure (birth to a total of about 12-15 bison per year), while seats for release into the wild bison enough.
Saving the wild bull
Efforts of scientists, the reserve staff, regional authorities and WWF Russia by 2009 managed to create in the central part of the country's relatively stable population of the oldest bull. Currently, there are seven groups of animals a total of more than 200 individuals in Oryol, Kaluga and Bryansk regions. However, the status and population dynamics are the subject of attention of scientists.
"The size of each group should reach 40-45 heads, so they quietly by themselves lived and bred. If the number of groups below, it turns out that its birth rate is approximately equal to natural mortality. Therefore, we must continue the delivery of the nursery there are 4-5 years old, at least ", — concluded the Krever.
Meanwhile, over the weekend WWF Russia and "Resorts of the North Caucasus," released in the Teberda reserve Karachay-Cherkessia eight bison brought from central Russia to upgrade the gene pool of a local population of 13 goals.
Extermination of bison began in ancient times, and by the end of the 18th century they were preserved only in Russia. Saving these animals in Russia taking unprecedented measures for the time, the design and the implementation of which was attended by even members of the royal family. However, World War I and the Civil War led to the complete destruction volnozhivuschih bison in Russia. Conducted in 1926, the first international census of these animals revealed that only 52 bison survived that were in various zoos. Then began the tedious work of rescue and restoration of the animal.
Currently, the Earth is home to about eight thousand bison. Half of them are found in zoos and menageries, these animals are scattered around the world in small groups of 1-3 heads. To create the correct genetics revived bulls in the Polish Bialowieza annually published international stud book of the European bison.