At the October meeting of the section of scientific and technical council held Roscosmos conceptual design "Intergelio-Probe", prepared by experts of the FSUE "NPO named after SA Lavochkin. "
Section endorsed the results of conceptual design, it is recommended to move to the stage of development of working documentation after removal of comments FSUE TsNNIImash. In addition, the section tasked with considering the launch of two devices "Intergelio-probe" with a similar set of equipment for the development of scientific programs and improve the reliability of the mission. Currently, the federal space program plans to create only one unit in the space complex "Intergelio-Probe."
The "Intergelio-Probe" is designed to study the Sun and inner heliosphere from close range and the provisions of vneeklipticheskih at heliocentric orbits. The spacecraft will start c Earth and due to the gravitational maneuver around the planet closer to the Sun, but due to gravitational maneuvers near the plane of the orbit of the planet Venus, the spacecraft will deviate from the plane of the ecliptic (the plane of rotation of the Earth around the Sun).
Design engineers FSUE "NPO named after SA Lavochkin "intended to be used on the unit electric propulsion system. This plasma engine, which works by using solar energy. It will help the unit to cover a large distance between the Earth and reach the vicinity of the Sun. Another important element of the SC "Intergelio-Probe" — the heat shield. It is needed to protect the unit against heat of the sun. The screen will be generated from carbon composite materials. In addition, because the spacecraft will have to work at high temperatures, developed special solar panel with forced cooling.
The satellite will study the Sun and circumsolar environment from a distance of 60-70 solar radii (about 40-50 million km from the Sun). He will research the solar active phenomena and related effects of the solar corona and the "solar wind", the polar regions of the Sun not visible from Earth. The practical interest of the studied problems associated with exposure to the sun to the Earth and the impact of space weather on various spheres of human activity on the Earth and in space.
According to Russian scientists, currently operating solar space missions (SOHO, STEREO, SDO, HINODE, etc.) and the study of past years (Yohkoh, Coronas-F, etc.) a great deal to understand the structure of the Sun, how it works, for the study of solar-terrestrial relationships. Further progress in the interpretation of place on the Sun and in the heliosphere processes connected with the necessity of new studies. Remote sensing of the Sun from close range with a high spatial resolution along with local measurements near the luminaries, as well as observations vneeklipticheskie be the next step in our quest to learn more about the sun and solar space.