Browse. Agribusiness in Russia number 7: Loss of Kuban, New Equipment Ingushetia, marbled meat

Today in the "agribusiness", "non-insurance case: the Kuban said losses from the cold winter." "Do not buy, and take: a new technology comes to the farmers through agricultural leasing." "Lost in Translation: will Russia in marbled meat." "Now is not solesh: fuel counters against theft of diesel fuel."


An emergency. Kuban said losses from the cold winter.

In this field of life is no more. Dead brown instead of green — pattern characteristic for a third of all winter crops Kuban. Severe frost, icy wind, the lack of snow — dealt a devastating blow to the hopes of farmers.

Maxim Gayvoronskiy, Chief Agronomist"In our economy, then lost 85% barley. Winter wheat, of course, the conditions of hibernation with her, she maintains a critical temperature better. Means that we lost in our economy around 20-30%."

All my life in agriculture, said Maxim, but this loss was not. Well, exactly 30 years nothing like this. Economy suffered multimillion-dollar damages. A cover crop in the autumn did not. We thought, why spend the money when the winter in the region — warm. Now the dead field urgently need replanted corn, peas, soybeans, think about where to buy seeds, extra fuel, fertilizer. And the most difficult where to get all this money. Very difficult situation with winter crops has prompted emergency meeting in Krasnodar (Video). It leadership of the province and agricultural producers to urgently discuss only question is what to do to save the harvest? From the first minutes of the meeting bleak depressing figures: 30% of winter crops were lost. This barley, wheat, canola. Farming region suffered damage by the most conservative estimate of 3 billion rubles. Most affected winter feed barley, which means that there is a real threat to livestock forage base of the Kuban. To help farmers to reseeding, the regional authorities will provide assistance. In all allocated about 300 million rubles. For every hectare of dead leaves over 2 thousand of compensation …

Evgeny Gromyko, Deputy Governor of the Krasnodar region"The cost of seed, 50 pounds amofosa, given the fact that we are made in the soil and have lost crops, but there are remains of 50 kilograms amofosa and the total volume of fuel and lubricants 9.5 kilograms per hectare. All of this is 2,881 rubles per hectare subcultured area.'s a measure of support will be provided for each hectare. "

However, though the main cost-saving crop will fall on the shoulders of farmers, because their fields have not been insured. The guide edge was given to understand that the emergency aid from the state farmers receive for the last time. Agribusiness entrepreneurs should take care of their financial security. And from next year and it will be decided at the legislative level, Agribusiness management will not be possible without the agreement of the agricultural insurance. Touch it and gardeners. Cold this winter they, too, are not spared. In some areas, crop destruction reached 90%. This is mainly apricot, plum and peach. Did not survive the winter and almost a third of the vineyards of the Kuban.

Postscript.

Despite the heavy losses from drought in 2010, the level of agricultural insurance companies remains very low, from 10 to 15%. According to the portal 711.ru 94% of insurers in Russia belong to the insurance of their activities is negative, 3% — neutral and only 3% positive. According to experts, to change the attitude towards insurance should a new law providing for compensation to agricultural producers 50% of the costs associated with the payment of insurance policies. The law in force since January 2012.

The national project. As in Ingushetia replaced all agricultural machinery.

Alexey Anisimov, mechanic: "That this is not there, then. Air, air goes.'s Winter, winter or autumn zavedesh not have it. Should cover the air, do not have that, then what else. They removed the steering column, it's good they have done."

This is what is called the "find 10 differences". Machine operator Alexey Anisimov compares the tractor 20 years ago with the modern. For the person with the experience most importantly — a new technique. That is not idle. If the central part of Russia just getting ready for planting, then the south of the country spring sowing in full swing.

Islam Aliyev, Chief Agronomist: "We are now in a wheat field. This is an area of 272 hectares. Here now spent fertilizing of winter, it drills nitrogen fertilizers: carbonite now we have delivered."

In the beginning of the year Ingushetia brought not only drill in the republic for the first time in 20 years the entire fleet of fully upgraded equipment. Tarhan Gaydukaev before going into the field at the beginning carefully inspects a car, a brand new K-744. In Soviet times, he worked on another tractor, and then completely lost his job. Economy collapsed, and the technique can be counted on the fingers of one hand. On the arrival of new machines Tarhan learned from his brother.

Tarhan Gaydukaev, mechanic: "I went up to Ramzan and say," Ramzan, I want to work. "He says, 'Who will soon be the new tractor, I'll give you a new tractor. Will you work." How have new tractor, he calls me — quickly come. I come here you are, work as you want. "

More than 800 pieces of equipment arrived in Ingushetia under an agreement between the Rosagroleasing and the Government of the Republic. The contract amount of more than a billion rubles. As the guarantor of all the same government that has laid in the local budget a separate line to support agriculture.

Yunus-Bek Yevkurov, Head of the Republic of Ingushetia: "We've done the research to adjust budgets why, because we understood that we should still take a risk and start with that. Could, of course, there was a change of 10%. It gave nothing would or would give only the pulse there, but no more . we could, we completely cleaned out this year, this area here. Next year, take, for the other direction. "

The updated fleet of equipment, in the rotation of the republic back ground, which for years have not been used for its intended purpose.

Ruslan Kostoev, Minister of Agriculture of the Republic of Ingushetia"This is the field in which we now stand, it do not work in the next 5-10 years. Fact is that not enough of these techniques and stale field today we were able to put into circulation in the agricultural revolution. And such here is the field we have 20 per cent, then the republic, and we are now introducing them into the rotation. "

This year in the country have relied on a sunflower and wheat. Despite the lingering winter, hoping to gather the harvest time and in the record for the number of Ingushetia.

Livestock. Will Russia marbled meat.

Vyacheslav Gorbachev, breeder: "Yellowish, maybe somehow, marble, what? Well, gray meat, red. There what the hell knows. I've never seen it."

What kind of meat is — marble? From these bulls breed Aberdeen Angus lon
g given breeder with experience Vyacheslav Gorbachev. Young heifers from Australia to Penza economy came only 3 years ago. And this is their offspring graze on local fields.

Gennady Voytyuk, Deputy. Director farms: "This is the first sale, we will be in May, June, and then we'll see how profitable it will be everything. Well, today's price, today's price — it is 100-110 rubles per kilogram of body weight. Well, we think, in the future Still the price should increase and farmers will benefit. "

Create beef herd has decided Penza 150 households. To support the project at the start area to urgently develop a program of grants for the first 3 years. They promise to finance and the calf and its mother, and then pay extra for every kilogram of beef sold.

Egor Chernyshev, Deputy. Minister of Agriculture of the Penza region: "Bull of mature, condition weight 450 pounds, has a cost of no more than 21 a thousand in the whole head. Price implement it at a price that's the end of '11, 100 rubles per kilogram of body weight, respectively, accounting for 45 thousand rubles."

In the next two years Penza authorities intend to bring down the price of chilled beef at retail. Indeed, because of its scarcity value has risen steadily and is now more expensive than pork. However, while the plan to saturate the market with the usual high-quality beef. Major projects are being implemented in Lipetsk and Bryansk regions. In the meantime, on the shelves of supermarkets and restaurants, steaks from the Australian, New Zealand or the U.S. chilled beef.

Veronika Maximova, a representative of the company: "Well, then, here you can see, yes. How many streaks of intramuscular fat here. Here it is almost white, yes, meat. And here, it is almost none. Why marble because the piece, in principle, similar to marble, yes.'s Due These streaks of fat. "

Marbling — is intramuscular fat layer in the meat, which, when heated, melted, penetrate into the meat and make it tender and juicy. Such beef is considered premium. Its in Russia from abroad delivered three large and a dozen small companies.

Veronika Maximova, a representative of the company: "We absolutely do not feel any impact on our local beef supply, and I would call it even more experimental production in Russia than in some production on an industrial scale."

Generally marbled meat is in bulls grass or grain fed. In Australia, the values of marbling from 0 to 9. Bull meat raised on grass-fed, marbling will be small, no more than 3. And to get that perfect steak goby needs fattening combined.

Veronika Maximova, a representative of the company: "Bull in 12-17 months goes from pasture feeding on grain, that is, it is placed in the fattening facility where he receives a specially selected grain diet."

Prices for high-quality chilled beef are very different from the origin, and the marbling of the meat cut from 800 to 04.03 rubles per kilogram. But the market for chilled marble meat is very small, the total imported beef less than 2%, which is about 1.5 million tons per year. Yet experts acknowledge, with high rates of spread of beef cattle in the country and support the regions, already in 10 years marbled meat will become familiar product on the table of most Russians.

Rewarding experience. "Fuel counters — against the theft of diesel fuel."

It's great that none of the tractor in the end did not quit, with a sigh of relief today head of the farm Palep. After buying counters of diesel fuel on their tractors, Pyotr Stepanov feared, machine does not understand his desire to save money. To be honest, the drivers of the fuel was drained and sold.

Pyotr Stepanov, mechanic: "The facts were seen. Lot, we know, even in our economy, who where on the side. Even caught a few times."

The farm stands firmly on his feet, but such costs can not afford. A liter of fuel costs as three liters of milk. Because the day before the next planting season, quite a large sum of money spent on the purchase of meters.

Alexei Chernyshev, chief engineer: "Drain the fuel is no longer possible. All recorded in the log. At its LCD display shows the time and the operation of the tractor, and fuel consumption. Device can not be fooled, there are sensors on the intervention."

First, it has given rise to serious conflicts of distrust between management and machine operators. but gradually the controversy subsided, and the fuel consumption was reduced by 30%. All tractor drivers, as has been said, remained at his workplace. And now kristalnochestnye only sometimes mocks those who were not joking.

Mikhail Nikolayev, mechanic: "To manage this, of course, better economy, and so now because diesel fuel leaked everywhere it can be sold. Not a problem."

Interested in this example of the neighboring farms. Some have already bought and installed counters on their machines.

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