In April 1991, after the adoption of the USSR Law «On the Procedure for addressing issues related to the Secession of Union Republics from the USSR» an active phase of the collapse of the Russian Union.
Watching this process in Washington announced the end of the war cool. In this regard, Pentagon generals decided to revise its military doctrine.
About how to change strategy after the American generals cool war on pages IA «Cannon RF» says our special correspondent Alksandr Sitnikov.
Signing agreements Bialowieza
USA — World sheriff
Back in 1990, comprehending processes in Russian Union, President Bush and his advisers said that the time of a unipolar world. Military analyst Michael T. Clair in his book «Politics of the Pentagon after the cool war» writes that based on the beliefs of the Pentagon, «U.S. President implementation of military power is only necessary for the protection of and respect for all countries of the rules of international behavior. But this doctrine is often confused with the concept of a «new world order», though the two are distinct. ‘»
At the same time, the U.S. military establishment obviously sad about the loss of a powerful enemy, as was the Soviet Union. For lack of any real danger from the Russian Union confronts them with other, smaller tasks.
As a consequence, in the lexicon of the Pentagon generals instead of «global war with the Warsaw contract expanses of Europe» are increasingly sounding the definition of «institutionalizing the fight» and «low intensity conflicts», such as those that occurred in Grenada and Panama.
If earlier briefings to the press service of the U.S. Army journalists «on the back ran shivers with the value in a nickel», now correspondents obviously bored.
The U.S. invasion of Grenada in 1983
All on counter-insurgency
Until 1990, the South American generals was all clear. Future fights they beheld in eastern Europe with the introduction of massive compounds of heavy tanks, backed by artillery mnogokalibernoy. With all this planned massive and long air battle in the skies of Germany, Czechoslovakia, Poland.
Not immediately denied the use of a nuclear strike to prevent defeat. With the end of all this cool war lost their relevance. On the first plan out other tasks associated with the role of «global sheriff.» Here’s the baring unresolved strategic challenges.
So the role of the U.S. in the late 1950s and early 1960s in local conflicts in Africa, Asia, and Latin America brought nasty surprises in the form of guerrilla warfare. The strategy of the insurgency used in Vietnam and the Dominican Republic, appeared absolutely discredited.
But Reagan claimed to hold its revision to combat socialist guerrillas. Ultimately, again, introduced the concept of implementation in these small-scale operations «heaviest» forces curb huge numbers of tanks, missiles, artillery, supported by aircraft.
With the difference that in case of need, this technique should be immediately brought to the battle zone. In fairness, the South American military strategists simply «swing», in other words the idea of Reagan’s so complicated set of decisions that the fight against communist insurgents was once again without a whole doctrine.
General Schvartskopf before U.S. lawmakers
In searching for a new enemy
In 1991, the South American-independent military experts estimate that after the disappearance of the danger of «global war against the Warsaw Pact» U.S. military can not reduce the danger of national security its own budget by 90%. Seemingly liberated resources can be bring to the social and economic projects.
But the U.S. Congress has prevailed another point of view associated with mass employment neuvvyazkami Prof. military, also with bankruptcy Pentagon contractors and all institutions available on military expenditure.
In order to prevent «the disaster» was created due to the newcomer and scientific paradigm that would justify the preservation of a large army after 1990. Soon the «enemy» was found. This is — unfriendly regional powers owning modern ordinary armed forces and weapons of mass destruction. So a war doctrine «average intensity».
Smart missiles instead of a nuclear apocalypse
Back in 1988 on the special hearing in the U.S. Congress were invited to abandon the threat of war with the USSR. «The nuclear apocalypse does not need us nor Moscow — said in a research note the Center for Strategic and International research (CSIS) in Washington — in the (South American) society, more people are realizing it. Need to focus on modes-reclaim the fight that must be waged with the introduction of «smart» missiles. «
This idea is not immediately captured popularity among politicians and the military, but in January 1990, Secretary of Defense Dick Cheney told Congress that «the United States must recognize the presence of U.S. interests beyond friendly Europe. To solve their Pentagon basically had to rely on mobile forces, perfectly cooked and equipped with the most modern weapon that will be able to remotely and destroy the military infrastructure of the first enemy precision strikes. «
The main beneficiary of this position became distant transport aircraft C-17, which Congress wished to deny funding.
This concept was posted in April 1990, 5 months before the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. So Makar, for the U.S. military all came together perfectly. Later, in «Operation Desert Shield» revealed significant problems with languid tanks M-1 and M-60 tanks to Saudi Arabia, which has also become an additional asset for the benefit of remote war.
Cannon novel concept
As you move the latest doctrine, it became clear that many Third World countries have modern fighters and Russian air defense systems of production. To overcome them needed aircraft F-117A «STEALTH» who previously criticized for the highest price. Here then began to develop a new, more expensive F-22 fighter.
At this point, he graduated from the Pentagon to develop the newest line of high-precision weapons, first sea cruise missile Tomahawk (SLCM) and bombs GBU-24 laser-guided. With these weapons, and means distant radar reconnaissance, brand new concept of «medium intensity conflict» absolutely justified.
After the successful closure of «Desert Storm» in his speech before the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives Municipal Secretary James Baker said: «From the standpoint of modern military concept of everything, in the end, it became clear, even more than we could imagine for themselves a year or even six months back. I will not say that the United States has become the main cop in the world, but America’s role from this point will be dominant in all global dilemmas. «
When writing material used data open source online: