In China, found the remains of the "man cave of a deer." Scientists believe that this is a new kind of people
A group of scientists and archaeologists from China and Australia was the author of the unexpected discovery that the future can turn the idea of the history of human evolution. In the fossilized remains of relatives of homo sapiens, found in the southeast of China, they identified species unknown to science of the human being. If the assumption of archaeologists confirmed, in the books on the anthropology of the people who inhabited the planet thousands of years ago, the company "Homo sapiens" and Neanderthal will be the third appearance. Preliminary findings of the discovery of previously unknown species of archaeologists published online PLoS One.
The remains, which allowed scientists to unexpected findings were found in the so-called "Deer Cave" in the Chinese province of Yunnan in 1979. By place name findings suggest a new kind of man was given the name "man cave of a deer." However, their study only recently started — from rock bones removed only in 2009. Another similar skeleton was found in 1989 in the neighboring Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. But it only took up the study in 2008.
Found the remains of between 11.5 and 14.3 thousand years. A distinctive feature of the "man of the deer cave" is the structure of the skull — a round skull, low brow ridges. Her face was small and flat, with a broad nose. The lower jaw is greatly protruded, and the structure of the neck was quite "modern". In general, the structure of the skeleton is a kind of "mix" — from the prehistoric and modern man.
"We try to be very careful now, trying to accurately identify them. The problem is that until now, oddly enough, we do not have a precise definition of ourselves — homo sapiens », — told the BBC one of the participants in the project, at the University of New South Wales Darren Carnot.
Scientists believe that these people were above the Neanderthals in its development. For example, the skull tomogram showed that the frontal lobes of the brain were to be similar to those we have today. However, the parietal area was fairly undeveloped.
Now scientists have three versions of the origin of the "man cave of a reindeer." "It is possible that they are the result of mixing" reasonable person "with other, less advanced species that inhabited the area then," — says Dr. Isabelle De Groote from London's Natural History Museum.
However, scientists are leaning more to the version that this view — it is a separate evolutionary branch. "First of all, their skull with an anatomical point of view is unique. They were unlike any living people, nor on those who lived in Africa 150,000 years ago, "- said the archaeologist Carnot publication The Guardian.
In fact, 11,000 years ago in the south and east of present-day China lived already developed people. They then began to develop agriculture and pottery. So that "the people of the reindeer cave" could hardly have contact with them and have a common offspring.
And another member of the Natural History Museum in London, Chris Stringer, believes that these people could be the first wave of emigration from Africa, that is, the early "stages" of modern man. In his view, "the people of the deer cave" left the ancestral home long before the "primary outcome" of about 60,000 years ago. "They could get to China, settle down and live there for millennia, until it became extinct about 12,000 years ago" — he says.
He, however, does not exclude the version of the mixing of two kinds of people: "Perhaps there has been confusion. In this case, the candidate is Denisovsky progenitors of man. " Note that the "footprints" Denisovskoye man whose remains were found in 2008 in Denisova Cave in the Altai, have been identified in the genome of the Melanesians So, according to the scientist, "the man from deer cave" could well be one of the branches of hybridization Denisovskoye rights and homo sapiens.