Instant Marine Tarantula — Project 12411 missile boat Lightning

Project 12411 missile boats designed for the destruction of enemy surface ships, transport and landing craft and ships at sea, Fri-based maritime groups and cover them, as a cover for friendly ships and vessels from the surface and air threats.

Since 1981, the missile boats "Lightning" in the modification 12411 (12411M) have come into service the Navy Russian Union. They are a development of the Republic of Kazakhstan "Lightning" project in 1241. The main developer — the union of "Diamond". There were built at various shipyards more than 3 x 10-s missile boats. The main difference is the installation of anti-ship missile system with missiles 3M-80 "Mosquito", instead of missiles "Termite" (P-15).

In our time, a series of missile boats 12411 is in service of the Navy of the Russian Federation. Most recently the Republic of Kazakhstan with three anti-ship missiles "Mosquito" commissioned for its own Navy Libya. (Since 2008, the Libyan side ordered at the shipyard "Vympel" RK 3 Project 12411. Approximate price of the order of about 200 million dollars).

The history of development of Kazakhstan Project 12411
Martial identified with the role of missile equipped with anti-ship missiles P-15 in 1967 (the Arab-Israeli conflict) and in 1971 (Indo-Pakistani conflict) are starting to clear the creation of missile boats, which carried an advanced missile complex with a strong and modern anti-ship missile "Mosquito". Pervonochalno were conducted to assess the ability of accommodation anti-ship missiles "Mosquito" on the missile boats, namely Kazakhstan Project 205, is the main carrier of the marine anti-ship missile R-15. In the end, the ROK Project 205 is not suited for mass and dimensional features, and IRAs "The Gadfly" Project 1234 did not come over high.

The required maximum speed of the new missile boat with RCC "Mosquito" was supposed to be a 42-43 knots. As it turned out, the small and medium-sized missile boats would be unable to take on board the "Mosquitoes" and provide the required speed.

Because was tasked to design a large missile ship with the installation on board a strong power plant. In 1973, a decree according to which starts the design and development of modern high-speed missile boat. Apart from this, according to the TTT DBK must own the best performance characteristics and modern means of combat self-defense, electronic warfare, improved habitability and autonomy.

Proektrirovanie and the development of a new association commissioned DBK "Diamond". Project Manager appointed Civil Yuhnin EI According implemented the idea, boats are designed as a whole system of huge fighting boats. Project 1241 became the basis for the creation of a single missile, anti-submarine and patrol boats. It was planned to mass-produce vehicles for the needs of not only the Russian Union, and meet the needs of fleets of friendly countries. This readiness is different capacities for the production of military-industrial complex devices has led to the emergence and establishment of the project in 1241 on the basis of a few modifications. Main developer commissioned to carry out the construction of lead ships main 2-modifications.

The first modification is the rocket ship with established anti-ship missiles Termite "P15M" and a gas turbine propulsion system. This modification appeared as a result of the backlog of developers ASM "Mosquito" and diesel gas turbine propulsion system to deliver the product to the designated deadline. Modification receives the designation 1241-1 and is allowed to start building housing construction and begin creating a missile boats commissioned zabugornom customers.

Immediately to the first modification was being developed major modifications — RK Project 12411. This modification is all the new missile boat that was required of the Union of Russian Navy. The lead ship of the project 1241-1 with "termites" entered the Navy in 1979. The lead ship of Project 12411 with anti-ship missiles "Mosquito" and the latest Dstu received by the Navy at the end of 1981. Before that have been successfully performed factory tests, after which missile boat was sent to Dark Sea, where the most important tests. During the test, the ship was held ultimate refinement of basic equipment and weapons, then head of Kazakhstan Project 12411 has successfully passed the state tests complex. After adopting a brain missile boat begins mass creation of this modification. For the frisky start-stop new RK missile ships were going to Khabarovsk and Mid-Nevsky Shipyard. Both plants were built and handed over an average of two or three in the Republic of Kazakhstan year, the bulk of missile boats built and put into operation from 1985 to 1992. Project 1241-1 missile boats were built before 1985, three more.

The arrangement and design
Displacement RK — about five hundred tons, the architecture of new ships with a flush-round bilge (front) and chine (feed) contours. Metal housing to ensure survivability is divided into 10 sections. The ship's superstructure and interior bulkheads are made of aluminum alloy. RK Project 12411 equipped with the latest Dstu combined type. It consisted of a 2-turbine engines and two diesel engines, transmission power generated by two fixed-pitch propeller, which provides the highest speed and more than 40 knots.

Armament
Apart from the main anti-ship complex with RCC 3M-80 "Mosquito", the missile boat equipped with one gun mounts AK-176 76mm and 2 six-barreled gun mounts AK-630 30mm caliber. It was possible to install 2-blocks of MANPADS Strela-3.

Project 12411 missile ships
A total of 34 laid the ship, they were built at the facilities of the Leningrad "Almaz", Middle Nevsky and Khabarovsk plants:
P-46 — serial number 402, the lead ship of the series, founded in March 1976 at the facilities of the association "Diamond", launched from the slipway in March 1980, accepted into service in December 1981. Decommissioned in 1994;
P47 — serial number 206, the first ship laid at the facilities of the Mid-Nevsky Plant in June 1983, launched from the slipway in August 1986, accepted into service in February 1987. Board number 819. DKBF (36 BrRKA);
R-60 — serial number 207, founded in December 1985, launched from the slipway in December 1986, accepted into service in December 1987. Board number 955. Modernized — setting ORD Broadsword. BSF;

P-160 (MAC-160) — serial number 208, founded in February 1986, launched from the slipway in September 1987, accepted into service in August 1988. Upgraded to pr 12411T. Board number 054. Caspian Flotilla;
R-187 (Zarechnyj) — serial number 209, founded in July 1986, launched from the slipway in April 1988, accepted into service in March 1989. Board number 855. DKBF (36 BrRKA);
R-239 — serial number 210, founded in October 1987, launched from the slipway in December 1988, accepted into service in September 1989. Board number 953. BSF;
P-334 (Ivanovec) — serial number 211, founded in January 1988, launched from the slipway in July 1989, accepted into service in December 1989. Board number 954. BSF;
R-109 — serial number 212, founded in July 1989, launched from the slip
way in April 1990, accepted into service in October 1990. Board number 952. BSF;
P-291 (Dimitrovgrad) — serial number 213, founded in December 1985, launched from the slipway in December 1986, accepted into service in December 1987. Board number 825. DKBF (36 BrRKA);
P-293 (Morshansk) — serial number 214, founded in April 1991, launched from the slipway in August 1991, accepted into service in March 1992. Board number 874. DKBF;
R-2 — serial number 215, founded in 1991, launched from the slipway in 1994, accepted into service in February 2000. Board number 870. DKBF (36 BrRKA);
R-5 — serial number 216, the latter founded by the Republic of Kazakhstan at the facilities of the Mid-Nevsky Plant in 1991;
P-66 — serial number 905, first founded the RK at the facilities of Khabarovsk plant passed into service in April 1985. Decommissioned in 1999;
P-85 — serial number 906, adopted on line in September 1985;
R-103 — serial number 907, passed into service in November 1985;
R-113 — serial number 908, passed in operation in December 1985. Decommissioned in 1997;
R-158 — serial number 909, passed in operation in October 1986. Decommissioned in 1996;
P-76 — serial number 910, passed in operation in December 1986. Decommissioned in 1996;
P-83 — serial number 911, passed in operation in December 1986;
R-229 — serial number 912, adopted on line in September 1987;
R-230 — serial number 913, passed in operation in December 1987. Decommissioned in 1997;
R-240 — serial number 914, passed in operation in October 1988;
R-261 — serial number 915, passed in operation in December 1988. Board number 991. TOF (2 gn.dn RK);
R-271 — serial number 916, adopted on line in September 1989;
R-442 — serial number 917, passed in operation in December 1989;
R-297 — serial number 918, adopted on line in September 1990. Board number 951. Pacific Fleet;
R-298 — serial number 919, passed in operation in December 1990. Board number 940. TOF (2 gn.dn RK);
P-11 — serial number 920, adopted on line in September 1991. Board number 916. TOF (2 gn.dn RK);
P-14 — serial number 921, founded in 1988, passed into service in December 1991. Board number 924. TOF (2 gn.dn RK);
P-18 — serial number 922, adopted on line in August 1992. Board number 937. TOF (2 gn.dn RK);
R-19 — serial number 923 was adopted into service in December 1992. Board number 978. Pacific Fleet;

P-20 — serial number 924, founded in 1989, launched from the slipway in October 1991, accepted into service in November 1993. Board number 921. TOF (2 gn.dn RK);
P-24 — serial number 925, founded in 1989, launched from the slipway in December 1991, adopted into service in December 1994. Board number 946. TOF (2 gn.dn RK);
R-29 — serial number 924, the last of Kazakhstan, founded on the capacities college Nevsky Plant in 1992, accepted into service in September 2003. Board number 916. TOF (2 gn.dn RK).

The main features:
— length — 56.1 m;
— width — 10.2 m;
— draft — 4.3 (2.5) m;
— displacement rate / max — 436/493 tons;
— speed — 38-39 to 41 knots;
— Range 1600 miles (20 knots) or 400 miles (maximum speed of 36 knots);
— Power — Dstu, combined, two diesels (8000 hp) and two turbines (24,000 hp);
— Armament — 4 launchers with 3M-80 (ASM mosquito), one AK-176 76.2-mm caliber, two AK-630 30mm caliber, the ability to install 2-MANPADS Strela-3 or Igla;
— Equipment — enhanced radar system;
— Team boats — 40/41 or 44 people.

Sources disk imaging:
http://www.arms-expo.ru/049056050057124054057052055.html
http://www.militaryparitet.com/nomen/russia/navy/bokat/data/ic_nomenrussianavybokat/8/
http://bastion-karpenko.narod.ru/VVT/12411.html
http://forums.airbase.ru/2007/01/p2118204.html

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