The number of versions about the possible whereabouts of Atlantis tens. Where else were looking for and even find this mysterious island?
The fact that this Greek island is the "fragments" of Atlantis, a hundred percent sure of Moscow professor Nicholas Koronovskii. To date, his theory is considered the most evidence from a geological point of view.
2. Azores and the Canary Islands, Cape Verde
In the XIX century it was considered an established fact that these islands — the mountain peaks of Atlantis. It was due to the existence of its striking resemblance to the ancient civilizations of the Old and New Worlds. However, recent geological studies have proven that there is no drowned continent in the Atlantic is not.
3. The island of Sao Paulo
The last 12,000 years here there were sharp rises and lowering the earth's crust. At the bottom of the ocean Russian and Italian scientists have discovered granite, carbonaceous shale, and other continental breed. In the same fixed concentric arc uplift and submarine valleys hundreds of kilometers in diameter, matching the description of Plato.
4. North Bimini Island
In 1968, at a depth of 7 meters off the island of North Bimini, scientists from the University of Miami found a way of cyclopean stones. Her age — 15,000 years. Around 5000 BC she sank to the bottom of the sea. Later, 4 km to the south were found fluted marble columns. Where did they come from — it is not clear: marble in the Bahamas does not occur. Identify unknown builders on patterns on the column also failed.
5. Island of Cuba
In July 2000, in the waters of the Caribbean Sea were discovered the ruins of the ancient city. The pictures are clearly visible roads, streets, squares, residential buildings and pyramids built of cyclopean stones. Interestingly, the ancient builders used granite, which is missing in the Caribbean. According to the architectural style reminiscent of an ancient underwater city of "Sun City" Teotihuacan in Mexico. Scientists suggest that the mysterious city was built about 6,000 years ago. The time of his death has not yet been established, but we can assume that it ruined the tectonic shifts of the earth's crust.
placed Atlantis in Greenland. According to the hypothesis of the German scientist G. Wirth 40-50 thousand years ago, the climate was much milder. But 8000 years BC there was a sharp cold snap. Atlanta moved to Europe and America, giving rise to most of the Indo-European peoples. Those who remained in the north, became the "White Eskimo." The hypothesis has not been confirmed archaeologically.
7. Yonaguni Island
At the turn of the 80-90s of the twentieth century, divers discovered the island of Yonaguni in the westernmost part of the Japanese archipelago unusual temple complex. Step Pyramid is more reminiscent of the ancient places of worship Sacsayhuaman and Kenko, carved into the cliffs of the Peruvian Andes. Later broadcaster Discovery expedition found at the bottom of a sculpture of a human head wearing a headdress of feathers. According to rough estimates, the complex was built in Yonaguni at least 10,000 years ago — long before the rise of Greek civilization.
8-9. Indian Atlantis
In January 2002, Indian scientists announced the discovery of an ancient settlement in the Gulf Hambhat in the north-east of the country. Analysis of fragments of pottery, carved wood and bone, raised from a depth of 40 m, showed that the settlement was built about 9,000 years ago. In April of that year, traveled around the world more sensational news — another ancient city found near Mahabalipuram in south-east India. At a depth of 5-7 m are clearly visible wall and step ladders, built of large blocks tselnokamennyh. Finding is consistent with the local legends of the great city of the seven churches, as lovely as the jealous gods sent against flooding, so they absorb.
10. Atlas Mountains
Half a century before Plato Greek historian Herodotus described the Atlanteans — warlike people, who inhabited the vast area of the African continent. And their possessions extended from the Atlas Mountains to the Atlantic coast. However, neither of which the island of Atlantis in the work of Herodotus is not mentioned.
11. City Ifs
In 1910, the German ethnographer Leo Frobenius opened an unknown "black civilization". Its representatives have left descendants wonderful sculptures, resembling antique. Almost immediately, there was speculation that the city of If the Atlanteans built in Nigeria. However, it was soon found that the civilization in these parts existed in XII-XVI centuries AD
12. The Sahara Desert
In 1918, the famous French traveler and writer Pierre Benoit has published a book "Atlantis", which was trying to establish a link between the Atlanteans and the Tuaregs, who inhabited the Sahara. After six years in Abalessa were found buried the last queen of the Tuareg. The mausoleum was made in the classic Greek style, but no other evidence of an advanced civilization in the Sahara is not.
Back in 1876 at a depth of 100 meters at the Black Sea coast of Sukhumi was discovered ancient Greek city Dioskuriya. Scientists around the world rejoiced — that is, the long-awaited Atlantis! Subsequently, however, underwater archaeologists have found that Dioskuriya sank to the bottom of the sea gradually. This is evidenced by buttresses holding up the ramparts, ditches for water drainage, strengthening the clay for foundation — as opposed to residents Dioscuria slow sea encroachment.
14. The mouth of the Guadalquivir River
In the 30 years of the twentieth century, the German archaeologist Adolf Schulz suggested that Atlantis — a city-state Tartes (Biblical Tarshis), which was located at the Pillars of Hercules at the mouth of the Guadalquivir River. The wealth of the kingdom brought the silver mines were nearby. In addition, the city has taken an active part in the Mediterranean trade. In the IV century BC Tartes in union with the Greek colonies came out against the Carthaginians. Military actions were not successful. The city was captured and razed to the ground. Despite numerous attempts to discover the ruins of Tartes and failed. Archaeologists suggest that they are at the bottom of gvadalkvivirskogo estuary.
15. City of Cadiz
In early June 2004 with an interesting hypothesis about the possible whereabouts of Atlantis by Dr. Rainer Kuehne from the University of Wuppertal (Germany). On satellite images of salt marshes Marisma de Hinojosa, near the city of Cadiz in Spain, he found the remains of two rectangular structures and fragments of several concentric shafts, similar in size to those that were given by Plato in the description of the "silver" and "gold" temples of Atlantis. German archaeologist found and historical parallels between Atlantis and flooded the Spanish city. Thus, Plato describes Atlantis as a "plain" that could stretch from the southern coast of Spain to the city of Seville. High mountains nearby could be the Sierra Morena and Sierra Nevada. Copper, which was rich in Atlantis, is abundant in the mines of the Sierra Morena. The war is between Atlantis and the Greeks — neither more nor less than an attack on Egypt, Cyprus and the Levant mysterious "sea of people". During the XII-X centuries BC they were the real scourge of the eastern Mediterranean. In the IX century BC their attacks suddenly stopped. Kuehne relates this fact with the flooding of coastal lowlands, which was located on the "Spanish Atlantis", between 800 and 500 BCE
16. Resort Tinemuz
In spring 2004, British archaeologists from the University of Newcastle in the shallows near the popular resort of Tinemuz in the North Sea have found the ruins of two ancient cities, flooded about 5-10 thousand years ago. According to initial findings (stone knives and arrows) is difficult to say who built them and for what purpose. But it is interesting that the cities were abandoned by people long before the disaster, utyanuvshey their settlements on the bottom of the sea.
17. City of Troy
According to the British geoarheologa Eberhardt Tsanggera myth of Atlantis — neither more nor less than the distorted memory of the great Troy, which fought the Greek Achaeans. Indeed, the sea power of Atlantis, according to Plato, was based on the "twelve hundred ships." A similar figure — 1185 ships — called Homer, describing the fleet of Troy. In Atlantis was a strong "north wind" is typical of the entrance to the Black Sea, where it was located Troy. In Atlantis, there were two sources — warm and cold are the same, according to Homer, was in Troy. Atlanteans were known brass, but in ancient times, this alloy is produced only in Edremit, 80 km south-east of Troy. Size of the central part of the capital of Atlantis Plato estimates the "5 stages" (900 meters), exactly the same size and has the palace complex of Troy. In his dialogues, Plato describes in great detail the port facilities of Atlantis (channels, raids, ship docks, walkways in the rocks). The residence of the kings of Troy is also surrounded by canals.
The famous Greek philosopher Plato is considered a reliable source of information, but even he was not immune to mistakes. Thus, most experts believe the date of the destruction of Atlantis — 9,000 years ago — is unrealistic. Rather, Plato simply confused the Egyptian lunar calendar with the solar Greek. Dividing 9000 to 12.37 years (the length of the lunar cycle), we obtain precisely 1207 BC This date corresponds with its time of catastrophic earthquakes and floods that hit the eastern Mediterranean.
Another mistake — the word "island", appearing in Plato. According to Egyptologist Rhys Carpenter, the corresponding character in the ancient Egyptian language means "the coast or sand bar, as well as other people's land on the other side of the Nile Delta." The mistake was in the description of the location of Atlantis, which lies at the "pillars of Hercules". In Plato's time they called the Strait of Gibraltar, but the Achaean Greeks used this name to refer to another strait — the Dardanelles.