As to his future first-graders and their parents? Being parents of future students is not easy. First, it is difficult to realize the fact that the child is already quite mature, and secondly, plunged into a panic thinking about the future of life change.
Behind were interviewing and testing. And, of course, has long been bought trendy satchel, and along with it — pencil cases, pencils, notebooks and other school attributes. But how to spend the last months of the school? Arrange a "brainstorming" on a brand new textbooks for the first grade? Or, on the contrary, to give finally "break away" and allow all day watching cartoons and going into the night?
And in general, what to do? How to prepare your child for his new life?
In-game experiment, psychologists gave the kids a task that can be performed only by agreeing with each other. It was found that for the future first is a complicated task. Some people do not know how you can interact with each other, others have persistently sought to target, but not by cooperation and competition. Meanwhile, the students are very important to learn how to establish a "business contacts" with peers. Those who can not do it, it is very difficult to consider the opinion of others and the desire of children to relate their needs with the needs of others.
Often the problem arises from the guys who did not go to school in kindergarten and had little contact with their peers. These children are usually quite well prepared for school intellectually and like to stress this: "Do you know what is photosynthesis?". In most cases, these peers do not know the details of biology, of which the "star" concludes: I do with them uninteresting. His main motivation — not own need and suggestible adults thought of his uniqueness.
However, when such a child prodigy, not mastered the basic skills of communication and cooperation, comes to school, start a serious problem. Trying to shake the surrounding depth of his knowledge, he often begins to interfere with the teacher to conduct a lesson, to interrupt, to insert comments (not always fit within the meaning), it does not take a child's play. The result paradoxical, but in fact natural — the child loses interest in school and begins to significantly lag behind.
How to check how easily your child will be able to join the children's group? Notice how it plays.
- It is easy to establish whether the child contacts?
- Is it considered with the other participants in the game as partners?
- Knows how to play by the rules (in compliance with the order of moves, quietly waiting for their turn, and so on)?
If a future first-grader requires all of the toys themselves, certainly wants to be the "main" does not know how to lose with dignity (runs complain into a rage, hysteria), no rules — there are serious problems with the ability to communicate.
What to do?
Try to arrange often play by the rules, it is best with your child's peers. If you can not raise children's game companies themselves, but do not give the time (the best option for the child — to win in 60-70% of cases, so it will have enough self-esteem is high, but at the same time allow him to feel and 'other direction of Victory "). In order to train the memory at the same time, attention, logical thinking, fit a game of dominoes, checkers, "Memory" (a set of paired cards), etc.
To teach self-reliance
It is very important to the future first grader used to act independently. The young genius who grandmother every time tying shoes, the school will feel much less comfortable than a normal child who is caring for potted flowers in his room and wipes the dust there.
Do not rely on the fact that the school will teach your offspring independence. Teach your child to basic living skills — the task of parents and pre-school education. Not every teacher will see to it that your shirt was tucked fumes, and physical training form lying on the right place. Little rasteryaham and bungler in school is very difficult. They often cause irritation to the teachers, and ridicule — their classmates.
What to do?
Determine the child's permanent home for errands. They should not be complicated, but constant — preferably daily. The child gradually becomes accustomed to the regular execution of certain work, and this — the psychological basis for normal study.
Psychologist Marina A. Panfilov, efficiency n., Head of children's department at the center of "Catharsis" advises:
"The child is often difficult to carry out assignments independently, simply because he has not really remember the sequence of actions. Great in this situation — to draw a plan in pictures. Let them be conditional and schematic. The main thing is that the child himself understood them: first, he needs to stand up, then wash up, get dressed, clean up his bed, breakfast, water the plants or take a walk with the dog, etc. Then, such a plan can be formulated to meet lessons for music, cleaning toys, etc. The kid sees in advance the entire sequence of actions and independently checked against the plan. "
The next step — to teach a child to act on verbal instructions. For example, when you are in the country asking his young assistant water the flowers, let your statement be very clear and consistent. You can even play a game of "robot" who understands only direct commands:
- Stand up.
- Go through five steps forward and take a watering can.
- Turn right and walk 10 more steps forward.
- Type in a watering can of water.
- Turn left and go three steps forward.
- Fields rose.
The ability to operate independently for a given program is very important for the student. Children are often incorrectly performed the task only because they do not understand or have forgotten their conditions. And summer — a great opportunity to practice performing the simplest of tasks. "
Do not overload
If all of the remaining time to the school you will deal exclusively with "coaching" that by September all your entertaining books with colorful pictures and fabulous examples will cause a future first-graders only a deep sense of hatred.
Experienced primary school teachers say that the school is much more important than teaching a child to read, but to develop it, not to learn to write, and develop fine motor skills, coordination of movements (this helps sculpture, drawing, embroidery, construction of small parts). The problem of the overall development costs now quite acute.
Statistically, doctors recognize only 14% of future Russian first graders basically healthy. 26% of preschool children aged 4 to 6 years of age have problems with speech development, and 13% — not in the order of nerves in 2-4% of identified impaired memory and attention.
What to do?
Larissa Suzdaltseva, teacher, department head preschool children's studio "Image", advises:
"Development of speech can be practiced not only in special classes in children's studios. It is quite possible to do at home, in the country, but anywhere. For example, a mother can turn to the alien and ask your child to explain to her what a bike or a tree. What's on your "Zemlyansk" language means "black sheep"? Or how it can "hang your nose?"
Sometimes the young scholar knows all the constellations, but difficult to say what happens dishes, or what street he lives. Talk with your child seemingly simple things: how are called pieces of furniture, what products are in the fridge and what they are doing. Develop observation and attention, talking about what the weather today, what did you see in the woods, etc. Together often de
scribe the picture (from simple postcards to monumental canvases), trying to imagine what it was before and after the depicted moment. Another important thing. At school, teachers need "to answer a complete response": that is, not in monosyllables, and a complete sentence. It is also possible to pre-teach a child to another before the first bell will ring. "
Anna Kosinskaya-Dieva, speech therapist children's club "Classics":
"Development of speech greatly aided retellings. In order to teach a child to retell, you can again use a jigsaw icon. They look like a game or a cartoon, so usually like kids a. However, there are persistent visual images that will help them remember the plot of the story.
Do not aspire to in the last month before school child to pump up new information. Surely he is in the last year preparing for school in kindergarten or in the courses. It makes sense, along with the future of his home browse schoolboy notebooks, which were a result of this training. Slowly, thoughtfully repeat the major themes already familiar to the child. By the way, I recommend that you keep these notebooks — can you imagine what will be a surprise to the prom! "
Play in school
Often the child is difficult to understand the very structure of school life, schedule, alternating lessons and change. Because until now preschool outlaws let him loose enough to behave in the classroom, and they were every day. From now on, its status will change dramatically. What awaits him in this new life? Sometimes the upcoming changes (also aggravated horror stories elders) frightened him with its uncertainty.
What to do?
M. Panfilov, a psychologist:
"Play! Psychological preparation for school great passes in the game. Try to play with the baby a variety of situations with which he might encounter in the classroom or at recess. Usually preschoolers love these games.
Students in the home school may be any soft toys. It is important that they are endowed by their characters: one "student" can be innocently-naive, the other — the cowardly, the third — hamovatym. Role of the teacher and the student can turn to perform mother and child. Let your school will be a real call-bell, signaling the beginning and end of each session. Show the game, how to behave in class (what would happen if one student will shout, the other — to jump, and the third — to run?). Imagine what will be the very first day of school pupils your toy. Encourage your child to think that all you need for a lesson must prepare in advance. Let the students to really raise their hands when they want to ask the teacher about something — just try to show as much detail to the child that it is waiting for the new school life. "
Of course, the "first time in first class" — it is always a thrill and excitement. But if the child is psychologically prepared for such changes in his life, he treats them fairly easily. And for that he needs to feel your confidence and support.
According to the magazine, "Kutuzov Avenue"