Legends of Russian prisoners of war

Lofty Russian war was not an ordinary war over disputed land, some animosity — it was a war of destruction. Had to overcome any system of values — Russian or Nazi.

At the same time, the Nazis decide "Russian question" complex, in other words, to eliminate the Russian people in general, and of the other nations of the Slavic race. March 30, 1941, Hitler, at a meeting of Governors of the armed forces, said: "This is a fight to the settlement. If we do not look so, although we divide the enemy, after 30 years of communist danger arises again … This war will differ greatly from the war in the West. In the East, the very ruthlessness — the benefit for the future. "

Ideologues of the Third Reich believed that war, part davneshney fight against the Germans, Slavs, the continuation of "the onslaught of the East" and "crusade" of the West against the East. According to him, the order of the commander of the 4th Panzer Group on May 2, 1941, E. Hepner: "… it must be conducted with unprecedented cruelty."

Myths of Soviet prisoners of war

Therefore, the Nazis killed 57% of captured Red Army soldiers. Of captives in 1940 the French (1547 thousand), died in captivity 2.6%. We captured 12.4% of prisoners died of the German armed forces (was captivated 3576.3 thousand persons) of Allied prisoners of Berlin — 17.2% (800 thousand taken prisoner), of the Japanese prisoners 9.7% (640 taken prisoner , 1 Thousand).

Still need to take into account that the Germans considered prisoners of war of all party members, civil servants, men retreating from the retreating units, which were not military. For example: in 1941 the Wehrmacht command said he took the prisoner, east of Kiev, 665 thousand Red Army soldiers. But, the whole number of parts of the South-Western Front was (at the beginning of the Kiev defense operations) — 627 thousand people. Of the more than 150 thousand were left outside the encirclement, 10 of thousands broke out of the encirclement, and 10 of thousands were killed in fierce fighting.

Germans are often the capture of villages Fri arrested all the guys from 15 to 65 years, they were considered prisoners of war.

Some authors hit upon the idea that the accused Stalin of the USSR and management, winding up in a premeditated Russian prisoners of war. He de said: "We have no war, there are traitors" and outlawed the millions of Russian prisoners of war, and even refused the Geneva Convention on prisoners of war, the contribution of funds to the cross, and this reddish doomed Russian people by the total destruction. That's the logic of some people.

But, according to the Geneva Convention: the cost of maintaining prisoners responsibility of the Government to seize them, and the government has acceded to the Convention undertakes to do and in this case, if the opponent has not signed it. A third Reich signed the convention.

Myths of Soviet prisoners of war

Russian prisoners of war of the German concentration camps immediately deported during the Stalin Gulag?

Even during the Soviet Union launched the "black myth" that the Russian prisoners of war who managed to escape from German captivity, or after the liberation of the German concentration camps, deported polls in Stalin's camps (or battalions). This story is often flickers and in the films "about the war."

Publicists and writers, for sure, and it is not clear that the captives were the most severe pressure, someone went over to the enemy, the enemy became an agent, etc. Assignment of special units, such as SMERSH and had to reveal their. Services Reich were recruited thousands of people: some were thrown to collect disk imaging, other groups were doing to fight the guerrillas. Implement and agents to the guerrillas.

Because the establishment in late 1941 (order number 0521 People's Commissar of Defense) to test the filtration camps prisoner of war, was the need to state. Management of the country came from the principles of national security, not because of the irrational desire to "exterminate" more Russian people.

Tested in these camps were three groups of people: prisoners of war and encircled; policemen, elders and persons suspected of treasonable activities; civilians of military age who lived in the area occupied by the enemy. In their on March 1, 1944 have been tested and were still in camps 321 thousand former soldiers of the Red Army: 74.1% of them continued to serve in the Red Army, 1.8% went to workers at enterprises, 1.4% have joined the ranks of the NKVD , half of one percent sent to treatment, 0.6% died (not surprisingly, given the conditions of Nazi captivity), 2.6% sent to penal part and only 3.6% were arrested, 18.1% had not yet been tested. Where liberoidy found the millions of victims of repression during the war is unclear.

A similar relationship lasted and the remainder of the war. According to archive documents safely check passed above 95% enlisted men of former prisoners of war. For officers of more than 60%, about 36% deported to penal, but it's clear they are officers, with their demand is higher. Also need to know what part of the penalty — this is in contrast to the liberals crazy inventions, not necessarily death, many after they were restored in rank, took the war were increasing. For example: 1st and 2nd assault battalions formed by the end of August 1943, two months later, showing his best side, were disbanded, all the fighters returned to their rights.

Can not withstand the tests facts and a statement that addressed the filtration camps with former prisoners of war, as the Nazi prisoners, and even worse. Thus, according to the July-December 1944 in the filtration camps mortality was 0% (Theodosia camp Wed population 735 people), 0.32% (Kharkov camp Wed numbers. 4493 people) to 1.89% (Bereznikovskiy camp Wed population — 10,745 people). For example, mortality foam Germans in 1945 ranged from 4.2% in January 1945 to 0.62% in December 1945goda. The death rate in the camps of the Gulag in 1944 amounted to 8.84%: on 1 January 1944 in the Gulag was 663,594 people (no million, 10 million-s is not in sight), on December 31, 1944 — 715506, had died during the year — 60948. In the prison system in 1944, the mortality rate was 3.77%, sits in jail in 1944 — 218,993 people.

Repatriation

After the end of the war the general release of prisoners of war, the people deported to forced labor. Betting on the directive of May 11, 1945 to receive them had cooperated 100 camps, there were 46 teams Fri and services for guests of the Red Army liberated. May 22, with the filing of LP Beria, was issued Municipal Committee of Defense, which was placed on the 10-day deadline for registration and verification of returnees. Civilians face, after checking, push off at the place of residence, in military spare parts. However, due to the massive influx of the rescued, 10-day deadline was not real, and therefore its increment up to 1-2 months.

As for the escape and tested during the war years the percentage is about the same — well tested from 88% to 98% (depending on the camp and contingent). Particularly striking number of inspections servants of Hitler's regime (chiefs, po
lice officers, Vlasovtsev, Legionnaires who had served in the German and other enemy armies in punitive administrative bodies. According to the logic of liberals in general were killed without exception, without charge or trial. However, they arrested 12-14% of the total. This "soulless machine punitive Stalin's bloody regime"!

By March 1, 1946 was 4,199,488 people repatriated Union (2,660,013 and 1,539,475 civilian military). Of them on 1 March 1946 passed the NKVD: 1.76% of the civilians (46740), from the military 14.69% (226127). Other targeted home, drafted into the army, ranked as in labor battalions. Most of those arrested — is Vlasov, policemen, punitive and other Nazi henchmen.

According to the Criminal Code, they all deserve punishment under "high treason" — the highest form of social protection, with confiscation of property. But in connection with the celebration of the Victory, which the authorities' bloody regime "did not want to spoil, they were released from liability for treason and changed its reference to 6 years in banishment. Many of them were freed under Stalin — in 1952. And in their documents did not appear criminal record, and went to 6 years working experience. They lived in their own barracks, go beyond the boundaries of the camp freely, without an escort. Just 1946-1947 years to banishment received 148079 "Vlasovtsev." 93 thousand were freed in 1951-1952. The most notorious Nazi collaborators who sullied themselves certain crimes were oriented in the Gulag (Main Directorate of Camps).

Enrolled in the work battalions, were not repressed — are analogous system battalions had served there as well. It was necessary to rebuild the country.

To sum up: of prisoners of war liberated during the war were repressed least 10% of the granted freedom after majestically Russian War — the least 15%. Moreover, the vast majority of them deserved their fate, becoming accomplices of Hitler. Innocent victims — this is an exception to the rule. Even in the modern penal system, according to some reports, one in ten did not hurt at all, or is de minimis, the blame is not commensurate with the punishment.

On the "heroism" of Major Pugachev

Myths of Soviet prisoners of warOne relevant example of heresy, which constantly bring down on the minds and hearts of people of — it's movie "The Last Fight of Major Pugachev." It sets out a story that is real anger, the totalitarian regime of Stalin — the escape from the camp in Kolyma and the heroic death of the 12 former officers. Which "innocent" condemned.

But in order to get to the Kolyma, it was necessary to do something really bloody. The fact that there was a 12 prisoners, killing the guard and fled. During the chase killed several people.

Of the 12 "heroes" were 7 of Vlasov, who escaped the death penalty only because after the war in the Soviet Union it was canceled, 2nd former policemen who voluntarily come into the service of the Nazis — the death penalty, for their deeds have been avoided for the same reason, that Vlasov. 10th last naval officer, he had before the war, two convictions, one for the murder of a policeman, and two others from the camp administration. Curiously, of the 450 people who could "take off" for them, no one escaped. During the chase 9-Th bandits were killed and the third returned to camp and had served, were released.

Russian justice then simply astounding humanity and gentleness.

Sources:
Prisoners of war in the Soviet Union. 1939-1956. Documents and materials. Moscow, 2000.
F. Halder War Diary. Moscow, 1969.
Eve and the beginning of the war: Documents and materials. Comp. L. Kirchner. L., 1991.
Mezhenko A. Prisoners of war vorachivalis in order … / Military History magazine. 1997. Number 5.
Criminal purpose of Nazi Germany in the war against the Russian Union. Documents and materials. Ed. PA Zhilin. Moscow, 1987.
Pykhalov War I. Lofty slander. Moscow, 2006.
Our homeland of the USSR in the wars of the XX century: Statistical study. Moscow, 2001.

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