According to one of the legends of the Reichstag, it blew so Tipo "executed" a sign of the Third Reich. Russian people were not sorry that building quickly regretted the deaths of our soldiers inscriptions.
But in fact the Reichstag building no one blew up, the building remained in the zone of Westerners in West Berlin, it actually stood on the border, the "Berlin Wall". He stood for a long time in a dilapidated form in 1954 dismantled the dome, it could collapse. Damage it wished the Nazis themselves, a draft A. Speer to build a "capital of the German world." Hitler planned to hurt an old city, building a new, virtually the capital of the planet, "the New World Order."
Reference: Reichstag (building), the building started to build in 1884, was built 10 years by architect Paul Wallot, in the style of Italian high Renaissance. In the years 1894-1933 there Reichstag met the German Empire, then the Reichstag of the Weimar Republic. February 27, 1933 there was an arson eminent buildings, which the Nazis used as an excuse for political repression. After that, the Parliament was moved to a building adjacent Kroll Opera, he sat there until 1942. The Reichstag building is used for meetings and then the military. The Reichstag was the emblem of Berlin and Germany, that's why he was attacked on April 28 — May 2, 1945. The building not long after the war was reduced, but still was restored in 1973 and used for exhibitions, meetings of bodies and parliamentary groups. In 1991, it was decided to move out of the Bundestag in Bonn, the former Reichstag building. British designer Sir Norman Foster commissioned the reconstruction of the structure, he was able to preserve the historical architecture of the building, with all this by creating a building for a modern parliament. The Bundestag moved to Berlin in 1999. A significant part of the Russian fighter inscriptions preserved — in 2002 raised the question of their removal, but the majority of them defended.
Albert Speer in 1933.
The last stronghold of the Reich?
Reichstag was the emblem of Germany and one of the strongest centers of resistance in Berlin, but he was not the last bastion of the Empire and Hitler. Center for Defense of the Reich Chancellery were structures and Hitler's bunker, specifically ruled out the garrison of Berlin.
But the Reichstag was a suitable target for the soldiers of the Red Army — a sign of the German Empire, for him and longed for. For the Red flag over the Reichstag meant victory in the war majestically. According to the memoirs of Hero of the Russian Union commander of 756 Infantry Regiment FM Zinchenko, stormed the Reichstag, they did not know that almost 800 meters away from them was Hitler's bunker. If you knew, you would certainly have tried to capture Hitler.
The myth of the Banner of Victory
Was created a myth that the Tipo for hoisting of the Victory Banner been specially selected people by nationality: Russian — Egorov, Georgians — Kantariya and Ukrainian — birch bark. Alexei birch bark became famous again in this battle: the Germans claimed to negotiate the surrender of an officer not below the colonel at the attackers were only majors, due to the regiment was not. Because Birch dressed in the colonel's (tank crew bailed out, leaving a leather jacket), "Colonel" giant down to the Germans. And immediately took the "bull by the horns", "I am listening to you, sir, Colonel. Report to, which invite us to negotiate. " German shuddered "I report," but he "reported" he desired. The Germans agreed to withdraw from the Reichstag, when they will be released towards the Brandenburg Gate. Elm claimed unquestioning surrender, gave half an hour to think, later joked about his innate talent, "a diplomat." The garrison surrendered. Elm died in 1970, saving the child from the train.
Elm, Alex Prokopievich.
In fact, according to the memoirs of the same Zinchenko, he ordered the intelligence chief captain Kondrashov take a 2-scouts, he chose at random (no motifs), all the scouts were good fighters, heroes. They were handed the banner of the Military Council of the Army, but on May 2, it will be the official banner of victory, after a picture correspondent of "Pravda". Snapshot flown to Moscow and 3rd May, he will publish in the newspaper.
On the night of May 1st group of fighters — znamenonostsy Egorov, Kantariya, birch bark — to cover them gunmen, consolidated the banner on the roof of the building. The battle is still going in the building until the 2nd of course soldiers who fought in it and tried to throw own mark in the victory, because as you progress in almost all windows reddish waving flags, flags, bits of matter. The most famous flags were planted other groups Makov captain, major and lieutenant Koshkarbaeva Cooper and others.
But each year the press is trying to make a sensation that Egorov and Kantariya were not the first. The Kremlin knew that there were many heroes, but for the official myth of the country were specifically required two or three of the Hero. In this terrible battle, one of the last in the war, they were all heroes, beardless men and experienced guys … Their merit lies in its victory, one for all …
Mikhail Yegorov (right) and Melito Kantariya at the Banner of Victory, which they hoisted over the Reichstag.
Zinchenko FM Heroes storming the Reichstag. Moscow, 1983.
Isaev AV Berlin '45. Contractions in the den animal. M., 2007.
A. Speer's memoirs. Smolensk, 1997.