Massive strike weapon

The development of cruise missiles tightly interwoven with the work of Russian scientists. Missiles tool, particularly important as a means of hammering, for the first time appeared on the Russian warships of the Union at the turn of the last century 50-60. Other countries did not initially appreciated. But after October 1967 the situation changed. During the Arab-Israeli conflict, which lasted six days, the Egyptian missile boat type Komar, who was resettled Russian anti-ship missiles, with the first attack destroyed the Israeli destroyer Eilat.

This event had a significant impact on the country's own reinterpretation of weapons. Leading maritime powers began intensively to develop this type of marine tactical weapons. More well-known examples of this class of weapons made specifically at the time, the French missile Exocet (started developing in 1968) and South American Harpoon (started working on the project in the late 60s). During this period, there were first developing the Union of Russian anti-ship missile (ASM) of this class — 3M-24E (aviation equivalent of this tool — X-35E). Catchy, all three reference from the standpoint of military-technical ideologies are almost identical.

Similar to the missiles and the principle of targeting. In all these types of use inertial guidance system in conjunction with the radar altimeter, which has the highest accuracy, and active radar homing (used in the upcoming satellite navigation system, but at some swatches passive method was used). For the most part, the detection of RCC is difficult due to fly at subsonic speed and movement malehankih height (3 to 5 meters).

When the United States and France have only developed the first subsonic anti-ship missiles, Russian alliance has already successfully worked on the creation of guided missiles that have the highest aircraft performance characteristics. It was the ship's complex "Mosquito-E" (3M-80E missile, flight speed is about 800 meters per second) and the aviation antiship rocket X-31A (flight speed reaches 1,000 meters per second). Thanks to the high speed of movement decreases the time rocket is located in the so-called zone of anti-missile defense systems of the enemy. So Makar, decreases the risk of these enemy missiles. The creators of these samples, say experts at, met a real breakthrough in the development of technologies which priemuschestvenno, was likely due to the introduction of a combined propulsion system of a new type. It included a ramjet engine and overclocking solid block. Even at the moment, this development Russian developers not used any foreign company. France only works by some of the likely variations in its implementation.

At the moment, our motherland which implements these two directions of development of anti-ship missiles: as compact subsonic and supersonic.

For soon there was a few more samples of Russian supersonic anti-ship missiles with missiles Club of 3M-54E (TE) and 3M-14E (TE), which has developed a bureau "Innovator" and "Yakhont" with 3M-55E anti-ship missiles, which has developed the "NGO Engineering . " In its combat capabilities of these systems are operational and tactical anti-ship class implements. It should be noted that in time the creation of the latest anti-ship missiles used some unique technical solutions, through which Russian design school RCC is rated as the best in the world.

Because of the crisis of the 90's missile 3M-24E (Kh-35E) were tested and fine-tuned for a long time. But as she has appeared on many media, immediately established itself as a versatile and effective weapon. In the framework of military and technical cooperation naval complex "Uran-E" with RCC 3M-24E is available in some countries. Of course, armed with this complex and Russian ships. Shown good results of the municipal test cell coast complex "Bal-E" to that of a rocket now goes to the Navy. The protection of the Caspian coast has focused one of the first complexes. Specialists believe that the "Bal-E" — the elimination of export prospects. Already at this time of many states received applications for its purchase. X-35E — the air version — has also passed tests for certain types of aircraft. This missile comes into the arms of deck-based fighters MiG-29K and MiG-29KUB that come into service the Indian Army, namely: the aircraft carrier Vikramaditya (the ship — an advanced "Admiral Gorshkov").

In the second half of the last century has demonstrated the effectiveness of systems in a number of RCC military operations. More conspicuous since the implementation of RCC associated with military conflict between with 2 countries: Britain and Argentina fought over the Falkland Islands from April to June 1982. Then the British Government sent to the South Atlantic high operative association, which included two-thirds of the fighting strength of the Navy. The ships were equipped at the time a perfect tool and the new technical means. Gone are the combat training of the crew in full. But the Argentine Air Force all the same Exocet missiles sank his AM.39 British container ship Atlantic Conveyor and the destroyer Sheffield. The war ended with the victory of England.

In February of 1983 to the middle of the summer of 1984, during the fighting between Iran and Iraq, it was recorded that 112 times hit the Iraqi RCC ships. In 60% of cases, the targets were attacked or very damaged or sunk.

In the last 10 years have not been applied in RCC military clashes. But this does not mean that ceased to be an instrument of severe and massive. Specialists are wondering what are the prospects for the development of RCC lately? Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the "Cold War" is a continuous revision of the military and naval doctrines of the major powers. Of great enthusiasm certain moments in naval strategy of the United States, in accordance with which instead of fights on ocean and sea areas against enemy fleets in other words, "War at Sea", the emphasis is on the "war on the sea." In other words, maritime operations likely to change the target. Now they have become the enemy boats and ships in coastal waters. Objects that are found on the shore. Objects that are placed deep in the territories and to be a sea storm. Already made in the U.S. littoral combat ships, which are created for the coastal zones of military operations.

Can not affect the re-equipment and the development of weapons, including anti-ship missiles, the military-political situation in the world. We can say that RCC means of struggle in the water is converted into a weapon to fight in the onshore and offshore areas. Recent domestic and foreign development of RCC supports this idea. They are able to successfully apply the precise impact not only on targets in the open sea, and placed on ships in harbors and coastal facilities, including remote and offshore. Such missiles are usually equipped with satellite navigation systems.

For example, in the direction of developing a family of missiles Exocet, in which an improved version of Block III specially modified to fire at shore facilities. In the latest development of missiles Harpoon Block II Plus provides software support, which not only holds the key to the line of flight movements at malehankih height, but also allows you to go around the terrain. Harpoon Block III equipped with means that recognize the target.

Now it is safe to talk about the fact that there is a new class of marine missile, which, unlike the RCC can hit any target, and not just offshore. One of the first examples of such class are Russian missiles 3M-14E (TE). For the purposes of clear lesions on the banks of a missile equipped created for this wa
rhead. Seeker is able to allocate even hardly detectable on the surface of target small sizes.

It is fair to state that the development of RCC Russian professionals not only keep up with the best Western models, and even surpass their original technical solutions.

New aspects of modern military marine strategies are increasing the importance of a very universal mobile coastal missile systems into them. They are able to deal damage to enemy ships that are in a different stage of offensive operations can also strike in landing troops on the banks of the objects and territories captured by the enemy. Owning such features as mobility and the ability to "hide" in the countryside, coastal missile systems can provide a productive protection of coastal areas, with all this without the extremely high costs. Specifically, such a function does DBK "Bal-E". For the creation of DBK "Bal-E" Spices, who worked in the "Corporation" Tactical Missiles ", the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation awarded municipal awards.

At the current time, the developer of Russian anti-ship missiles like the X-35E (3M-24E) is a Russian "Corporation" Tactical Missiles armament. " She reported that she was ready to produce the X-35UE — the newest missiles of this class. It will surpass the layout on the main tactical and technical features in two or even two and a half times. The latest version of RCC, there is no hesitation in this, we use the latest achievements of the Russian rocket and considered the features of anti-ship weapons, suitable for new models that create the world's leading companies.

After analyzing the global trends in RCC, spices concluded that at present such kind of weapons does not lose self-importance. Recently, his improvement will relate to the growth of the targeted goals, also the highest standards of its speakers.

Regarding the choice of the flight envelope, now equally well implemented:
• speeds that do not exceed the speed of sound, coupled with malehankih altitude missiles;
• speeds that exceed the speed of sound, coupled with a few possible altitude missiles;
• flight of the missile to the object of the combined profile at subsonic and supersonic speeds.

It is believed that the subsonic missiles have a certain advantage in operations in the coastal zone. It is the lowest visibility, more superior than that of supersonic missiles, maneuverability and having more ammunition.

For the Russian Federation also is a live development of coastal defense systems. This puzzle can be solved sufficient supply DBK "Bal-E", coupled with the shore just created operational-tactical systems "Bastion" (developed on the basis of the 3M-55E) or the Club-M (developed on the basis of the 3M-54KE and 3M-14KE) in a potentially unsafe coastal zones.

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