July 23, 2010 was 25 years to the day or how to combat duty were put road-mobile intercontinental ballistic missile, "Topol".
RT-2PM "Poplar"(Index Head Rocket and Artillery Directorate of the Defense Ministry (Grau) — 15ZH58 code START RS-12M, to systematize NATO -" Hammer ", SS-25" Sickle ") — a strategic mobile complex with a three-stage solid-fuel intercontinental ballistic missile RT-2PM, the first Russian mobile complex intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).
Rocket RT-2PM performed under the scheme with 3 mid-flight and combat steps. To achieve the highest perfection and growth energomassovogo firing range in all stages of propulsion was used excessive density of the new fuel with a specific impulse, increased by several units in comparison with fillers previously made engines and hull upper stages for the first time were made continuous winding of organoplastic scheme "cocoon".
The control system of "Topol" — inertial type, built with the introduction of on-board computer, microchip with a high degree of integration, the new complex control circuit devices with float sensors. Computational complex management system allows to implement an autonomous combat use of the self-propelled launcher.
Launchers mobile ground missile complex "Topol" on Red Square during a military parade on the Victory of days.
Once a year, done by one control launch missile "Topol" with the Plesetsk test site. On the highest level of reliability of the complex says that during his testing and operation produced about fifty control and test launches. They all went without a hitch. Photo: October 12, 2008. Russian President Dmitry Medvedev before combat training launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile RS-12M "Poplar"From the Plesetsk cosmodrome.
On the basis of an ICBM "Topol" developed conversion gallakticheskaya rocket-carrier "Start". Rockets launched the "Start" made from Plesetsk and free.