Russian authorities believe that the Organization of the Collective Contract (CSTO), which unites friendly republics of the former Soviet Union, could be reincarnated as a defense company on a par with NATO. But as shown by block nedavneshnie military exercises, Moscow lacks precise vision on how to use this alliance.
CSTO has existed since 2002, and only in recent months has received a boost of energy. "As a long-time Our homeland had no exact position on the CSTO she wanted to have allies, but did not want to pay for it," — said General EurasiaNet.org SUPPLIES Eugene Buzhinskiy, right up until last year headed the International Treaties Department Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation.
"The last of the posts I have occupied myself trying to convince 2-Ministers of Defense and 2-Chiefs of Staff, that if you want to have allies, you need to pay, as do the Americans — if they were necessary allies in Europe, they shell — continues he says. — Now, I think, a political decision that our homeland is ready to pay. So the plan now is to start to strengthen the CSTO, turning the company into a real political-military alliance. "
But what form will accept the union is still an open question. September 27, ended a series of CSTO exercises under the title "Center-2011", which took part in the 12 thousand troops from Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Exercises "Center-2011" took place along with the other teachings of the role of the Russian Federation and Belarus, also a member of the Collective Security Treaty Organization. In these exercises was involved in another contingent of 12 thousand people. In last year's same exercises all the CSTO member states adopted the role of the military in 1700.
It was assumed that the purpose of the exercise was to develop ways to deal with the militants in the area of Central prinikshimi Asia from Afghanistan, and with uprisings similar happens in the past year in the Arab world. (For the Russian Federation, in which the "Arab Spring" raises serious suspicions, these two types of threats actually connected to one).
"What came out in a number of countries in North Africa and the Middle East, it was hard to predict. That there will be next? What is governance? This should be a signal to all countries. We have similar issues in the states of Central Asia. We must be prepared to everything. Because we fulfill all the exercises — said the other day teachings Chief of General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces Gen. Nikolai Makarov. — We, the military must be ready for the worst scenarios. "
Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko, whose country holds the presidency of the current Collective Security Treaty Organization, recently suggested to use a collective rapid reaction force (RRF) CSTO to prevent municipal coups. "It is a question not only about the RRF application to the case of the intervention of other countries from outside, and the intervention of other countries from within the CSTO, — he said. — Since the war, no one in front of us would not, but to make a constitutional coup — hands scratching at for many. "
Statements Makarova and Lukashenko led many observers to wonder whether the Kremlin does not see a collective rapid reaction forces CSTO — The dominant role played by the Russian Federation in which, far superior in military might to all States members of the organization — a means of oppression of popular uprisings against their own authoritarian allies in Central Asia.
Some analysts vary in the presence of Moscow's desire to be dragged into the internal conflicts of the Central Asian states, referring to the aversion RF interfere in Kyrgyz unrest summer of 2010. "The purpose of — to strengthen the governments of Central Asia, so they could put down the rebellion" — says the director of the Center for Analysis of World Trade instrument of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation Igor Korochenko.
Referring to the refusal of the Russian Federation to meet in the summer of last year, Kyrgyzstan's request for help, Korochenko said: "If their army is not able to do it myself, Our homeland and Belarus will not do that."
"Our fear to be put there — we can not tell from the Uzbek kyrgyza" — adds a Russian journalist and expert on Central Asia Arkady Dubnov. In his view, the reasoning of the Islamist danger in Central Asia, there is only an excuse to unobtrusively give RF opportunity to strengthen its influence in the region. "It's clear that the Taliban will not come from Afghanistan to Central Asia, but said that such a threat exists, — he says. — It's all words. Because we wish to intimidate them, so they let us in advance there, our goal — the presence, rather than military action. "
But the Collective Security Treaty Organization, though, just getting ready for war. The exercise scenario "Center-2011", although designed to address ways to counter small groups of terrorists, also includes a huge number of components, suggestive idea to prepare for the traditional fighting. So, for example, came to the program from exercise testing of tasks to protect troops from air attack, their was also involved the entire Caspian flotilla, although Islamic terrorists are unlikely to use aircraft or naval forces.
On the territory of Kyrgyzstan force CSTO practiced a scenario in which gunmen invaded the plain under the country's capital Bishkek. According to the municipal television station was a plot, in which Kyrgyz troops, backed by Russian fighter jets and helicopter Kyrgyz compounds eliminated the perceived enemy. In Kazakhstan, air defense exercises were held at the sites in the Karaganda region and Mangistau area. A group of fighters disembark from boats on the Kazakh coast of the Caspian Sea, and the grouping of naval forces and border of Russia and Kazakhstan supported by helicopter gunships and artillery repulsed the attack.
Russian newspaper "Capital Komsomolets" printed documents, allegedly to paint a detailed scenario of the Kazakh-Russian part of the exercise, which provides practice of tasks to protect troops from air strikes to the south of the Caspian Sea with the introduction of the 10-s units of aircraft, including fighter jets F-4, F-5 and Su -25. Such a scenario exactly leads to the idea that an imaginary opponent was at this time Iran.
"If a group of Islamic extremists will enter the area of Central Asia, it's not going to be like an invasion from the outside, which should be reflected by thousands of units of tanks and aircraft. For this puzzles require specially trained special forces," — said Arkady Dubnov.
The fight against extremism involves the introduction of other good from the military, money, analysts said. "Strategy RF can be effective in terms of response to an attack by extremists, not prevent it — says the researcher of the Metropolitan Municipal Institute of international relations Julia Nikitina, which released not so long ago co-authored work on the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the capital hosted by the Institute of Contemporary Development.
CSTO has yet to construct itself a clear puzzle. At the moment, discussions are able to connect to the solution of other problems in the area of security, including programs from the fight against extremism Networking Web, illegal immigration and drug trafficking, adds Julia Nikitina. "It will probably become a burden for an organization that does not know what wants to be," — she said.