Winter Olympics 2014 already was a powerful stimulus for the renewal and further development of the resort of Sochi.
As part of the Olympic building an entire program is implemented, which includes about 240 items and about 700 sub-items. Among them, 11 major Olympic sports facilities in the mountains and the sea, and 18 facilities providing the support of sports facilities.
In addition, in a city of Sochi as one can not speak of the development of infrastructure. Today, Sochi — the city is quite difficult to access from other regions of Russia. To change this, the city will have built more than 370 km of roads and over 100 bridges stretching over 27 kilometers, more than 50 railway bridge structures over a length of 16 km, 18 road and rail tunnels. In addition, as part of the Olympic program Sochi get more than 40 engineering infrastructure, 4 objects of communication, more than 50 objects and the generation of energy, environmental protection facilities 7, 4 health care facilities, more than 50 housing complexes, hotels, sports and resort destination.
All of the Olympic construction in Sochi focused on three main areas of construction: the central part of the city, the mountain cluster, and Imereti lowland.
The Olympic Park is located in the center, is a composite core development planning across the Imereti lowland. In this area are located facilities for various purposes, including 6 major sports stadiums, of which 4 will remain constant operation, a variety of hotels, residential quarters, engineering infrastructure, etc.
Obscheplanirovochnoe decision Imereti lowland
The central core of the Olympic — Olympic Park — a territory with a total area of 200 hectares. For the first time in the history of the Winter Olympic Games Olympic Park is created and today the total area of the Olympic facilities is the largest in the world. Located near the railway station, receiving the guests Olympics, which is connected to the main area of the Olympic Park conventionally called the "Park-River" with colorful footbridge offers in the future pedestrian crossing over the highway that will connect the two areas around the park.
The scheme of the Olympic Park
By placing various objects in the area of Krasnaya Polyana assigned enormous area with difficult terrain with a vertical drop of marks in the 2,000 m main transport here is the cable cars, which is unusual for other parts of Russia. The area offers a wide variety of sports facilities.
Mountain Cluster. The layout of objects
So how architects conceived and created images of sports facilities? Certainly Sochi — a very unusual city by its climate and natural features are not inherent in the rest of the country: warm water, half a snow-covered mountain peaks, rushing rivers, the streams flowing from the mountains to the sea … And this is the natural component and was a source of inspiration for architects.
When inspects sports facilities, many of which have already been completed, we can see: if you look a certain way, then they are very similar, despite the fact that they have different authors, different functionality, different powers, and yet it was the beginning of a figurative one .
An example of the development of the image of the main stadium in the Olympic Park. In essence — is a football stadium, but is involved in the Olympics for the opening and closing ceremonies — the main events of the Olympic Games. In the future, will be held in Sochi matches of the World Cup in 2018. The stadium can be placed from 25 to 45 thousand spectators. But the plastic solution, as you can see, takes its origin from the very imaginative western ridge of the North Caucasus.
At the top of the visible outline of the stadium's image, and next to a photograph of the gorge Ah-Tzu in Krasnaya Polyana. Plastic stadium is very similar to the gorge. The construction of the stadium in full swing. This facility will be completed by the last, and the rest is actually ready.
Architectural design decisions make up the Bolshoi Ice Palace and the Palace Skating contours of the mountains.
As Palace for figure skating.
The interiors are very harmonious with the appearance. For example, the interiors of the Arena for skating.
Palace for figure skating. It recently held its first competition. Now it looks like this:
And these are two examples of temporary structures: Maly Ice Palace and the Palace of curling. These images we see this same harmony with nature.
The main media center during the Olympic Games is located outside the Olympic Park. In the future, the complex will be renovated into a major cultural, entertainment and business center of the hotel complex.
Around the Olympic Park are various hotels.
The forms and solutions for the bobsleigh track came from a desire to maximize the architects fit into the natural landscape. Now this facility is preparing for a competition. Unfortunately, there is not fulfilled landscaping.
Winter view of the track. One can see how the building structure harmoniously are written on Wednesday.
Jumping Hills complex is unique for its special design solution on a huge platform on a high slope. A very difficult decision. The picture in the lower right corner shows how complex is built up with residential and hotel blocks. It is worth noting that even the general plan fits into the natural landscape.
Some objects are implemented in high-tech style. For example, the stadium Gazprom-country skiing and biathlon. Even in spite of a modern solution to certain points of view, one can see its good inscribing into the surrounding natural landscape. With open platforms stadium spectators can admire the surrounding landscape with snow-capped peaks.
In the mountainous area in the building of Sochi now dominated by mainly two styles: the chalet, as in the mountainous regions of Europe and the Mediterranean style that has already been used in the 1930s and 50s in the architecture of the buildings of Sochi. Therefore, all objects that are located on the plains, in the Mediterranean-style, while those located in the mountains, are solved in a chalet style.
In preparation for the Games in Sochi, great importance is developing transport infrastructure. Examples of the new station complexes in the highlands. The architectural decision as a refinement of the surrounding nature.
Olympic Park station, which provides arrival and departure of all guests of various competitions Olympics and the Football World Cup. The shape of this station reminds coming down the mountain to the sea.
Adler station complex consists of the railway station and the sea terminal.
Now he is in this form.
Many, many decades, the city does not have the normal terminal. Back in Soviet times, the construction of the new complex, which now operates ten years was incomplete. Even in spite of the fact that design decisions are out of date, it modernized and tried to fit into the landscape. He is now enriched by the railway platform that provides a fast connection to the center of Sochi Adler through that in the future should be to unload the car track.
It should be noted that the design of which is visible in the sports facilities and other buildings, is also reflected in the transport infrastructure: the various ramps and overpasses.
Speaking about the external appearance can not be said about constructive solutions. In the design geometry is also reflected environment.
Interior of the Great Ice Arena, where you can see the lace farms, creating original interior.
Axle configuration "Park-River" today slightly changed while maintaining the color palette. With their height you can see the entire territory of the Olympic Park. He can move around on foot, and on any medium to low mobility of citizens.
Gradually move to the availability of territories and objects of citizens with limited mobility. For example, the stairs leading from the station to the Olympic Park, inscribed ramps.
All sports facilities are also equipped with ramps, which not only detracts from the appearance, and are additional elements that adorned them.
There are elevators and lifting people.
The entrances to the building does not have thresholds that would impede access to them limited mobility of citizens. A pair of surfaces also do not have any steps.
Temporary structures provided input ramps for more speedy pass spectators to the stands.
Examples of accessing limited mobility of citizens in a variety of sports facilities and within them.
All sports facilities are equipped with a special navigation system adapted for the visually impaired, and the ladder even more light.