Premature rupture of membranes

Premature rupture of membranes.  Photo from

Normally, the rupture of membranes should be at full or nearly full disclosure of the cervix (the end of the first stage of labor).

The outpouring of water is considered to be:

  • early, if it occurs in the I stage of labor to complete or nearly complete (7-8 cm) disclosure
  • premature, if fetal bladder revealed until regular contractions,
  • tardy, if full disclosure of the uterine mouth fetal bubble remains some the whole time.


The exact causes of early or premature rupture of waters is not known. However, those women who were training for childbirth, such cases are rare. This is largely due to the emotional state of the woman, her ability to relax, and the general mood in the prosperous labor.

What to do?

In the case of sudden discharge of water, even if there are no fights or they are weak and at long intervals, you need to go to the hospital immediately, without delay. Keep in mind that the more time that passed since the discharge of water, the greater the likelihood of complications. After all, fruit longer protected enclosures, and the risk of infection increases.

Be sure to note the time when the water broke. Note color and odor. Normally, the water clear or slightly pink, odorless. Slightly greenish, umber or black amniotic fluid indicates that the child is experiencing oxygen starvation and needed urgent help. The unusual color of water is associated with a hit them in meconium (faecal original), which is released from the gut of fetal hypoxia.

During childbirth

Usually tribal activities developed through 5-6 hours after rupture of membranes. If shortly after discharge of water fights do not start them driven.

During labor is very much dependent on the willingness of the woman (cervix) to them, on the strength of labor and the location of the presenting part of the fetus. If the cervix is ready for labor, premature rupture of membranes can not interfere with the normal flow of them.

In some cases, early or premature rupture of membranes may lead to:

  • weakness of labor,
  • prolonged duration of labor,
  • fetal hypoxia,
  • intracranial injury of the fetus,
  • inflammation of the membranes and the uterine muscle.

At belated outpouring of water Doctors make an artificial opening of membranes — amniotomy.

Like this post? Please share to your friends: