Most Russian regions over the last two months of the summer time to experience the extreme weather events. The Krasnodar region hit by the flood, which killed nearly 170 people in the Altai region for the first time in nearly two centuries down the anomalous heat. In a dense shroud of smog from the fires was the Omsk region and its capital, raging forest in the Krasnoyarsk region and the North Caucasus suffered from showers and hail.
On Thursday, there were first estimate the total damage from the flood in the Krasnodar region — regional authorities believe that it was 20 billion rubles. Damage from the fire is difficult to assess.
One of the worst in recent years, natural disasters occurred July 7 in the Kuban. There's a flood inundated 7,000 houses in the city of Gelendzhik, Crimean and Novorossiysk, and in some villages of the Krasnodar Territory. According to recent data, 168 people were killed and three others were missing. The city and the neighboring village of Krymsk came the biggest shock element.
Flood damage, according to preliminary data of the regional authorities, at least 20 billion rubles.
After heavy rains struck the region drought and heat. In most regions of the Southern Federal District is the air temperature reaches 40 degrees, and the Ministry of Emergency Situations warns of high fire risk and potential emergency situations associated with it.
Despite the weather conditions, large fires are now around there, but prolonged drought has already caused billions of dollars damage to agriculture in the region and forced to enter the emergency mode in particular territories. Only in the Volgograd region already ruined crops on an area of 600 hectares, the damage is estimated at 5 billion rubles.
Hot, dry weather persists in most parts of the Siberian Federal District. The main problem is still the forest fires and spreading them to neighboring regions could. At high, and often abnormally high air temperatures the lack of rainfall leads to new outbreaks of fires, which area in the district over the past day has increased from 11.8 thousand hectares to 13 thousand.
The most difficult situation is in the Tomsk region, which are moved more and more fire power and technology. On Thursday, the smoke from the fires once again, as a few days before, enveloped Omsk and the Omsk region.
"According to information received from the meteorologist, haze caused the presence of suspended particles in the air, dust, industrial smoke and soot from forest and peat fires in neighboring regions. Northern and north-east wind flow of smoke contributes to the territory of the Omsk region," — said in a statement GUMCHS the region.
At the same time, as noted by the rescuers, the maximum allowable concentration of harmful substances in the air does not exceed the Omsk. MOE encourages residents to limit exposure to the open air, using gauze bandages, close the windows and vents and use the air conditioner.
Fires are raging in the Krasnoyarsk Territory. As reported on Thursday, the head Hydromet Alexander Frolov, the heat in the south of Eastern Siberia in the next few days will subside, but in a complex fire situation in the region is hardly affected.
Power agricultural regions of Siberia, such as the Novosibirsk region and the Altai Territory, seriously concerned at the loss of crops. Thursday because of abnormal 40-degree heat, which was not in the region 175 years, in the Altai region was introduced a state of emergency. According to authorities, the region affected about 3 million of crops on 566 hectares, the damage amounted to more than 3 billion rubles. Because of the drought Altai farmers have started harvesting early.
In July, in Tatarstan, Mari El and Chuvashia showers were accompanied by wind gusts and hail, resulting in a number of places have been damaged roofs and disrupted power supply and in the Mari El injured four people. In this region, as well as in the Chuvash Republic in parts of the state of emergency was introduced.
In most regions of the Volga Federal District, because of the high fire bans visit forests. While the situation is stable.
Drought-affected Saratov and Orenburg region. In particular, the state of emergency was introduced in dozens of areas of the Orenburg region, killing crops on the area of 863,000 hectares. In the Saratov region of drought affected 160,000 hectares of crops, in spite of this, already cleaned first million tons of grain.
Caucasus considered damage
The North Caucasus in June and July this year, suffered mainly from rain and hail. In Kabardino-Balkaria, the damage from rain and hail in the past month were more than 340 million rubles. Reconstruction work after the June rains Jeirakh district of Ingushetia go so far. Damage is estimated at 2.5 billion rubles.
In one district of Stavropol due to heavy rains in July podtopilo dozens of homes, authorities introduced a state of emergency. Karachai-Cherkessia, heavy rains have damaged crops Republic in the amount of about 167 million rubles. From the disaster affected more than 18,000 acres in parts of the country. KCR also in the rain affected more than 16 settlements, the amount of damage is estimated at 180 million rubles. In Chechnya because of rain and hail often tens of thousands of people remained without electricity.
In the last few days in the region to establish a strong heat.
Center, and Peter kept blow
Central Federal District, in 2010, was seriously damaged by wildfires this summer is going through a period flammable quietly. According to the Central Regional Emergency Center of Russia, from the beginning of fire season is recorded almost five times smaller wildfires than last year (207 vs. 932). Their area was 137.94 ha, while in the same period last year burned 559.36 hectares. However, according to the meteorologist in August in the southern areas of the county is expected to hot weather (3-4 degrees above normal) due to shortage of rainfall, which can lead to deterioration in the situation.
In the North-Western Federal District, in mid-July were about 370 natural fires burned more than 2.6 thousand hectares, which is significantly less than in 2011, when the county was among the leaders on forest fires. Last year, in the three regions — Arkhangelsk Oblast, Republic of Karelia and Komi there were up to 80% of all wildfires are registered in Russia.
Heat as such, as well as floods, passed while the north-west of the country. The only PE-related natural disasters have occurred in mid-July in Lahdenpohja in Karelia, where heavy rains podtopili several roads and bridges, with no injuries.