Strategic Missile Museum — missiles, mines, and that the red button

"- From here, boys, Russia imposes its will on the rest unwavering international community.
— And that, fellow soldier, maybe Bakhnov?
— Bakhnov, certainly Bakhnov. And more than once. The whole world into dust! … But then ". (For / f "DMB")

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in Ukraine remains 176 intercontinental ballistic missiles. Almost half — were in the mines under Pervomay.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

20 years ago, to get to the base of the terrain was unreal. Around — seismic sensors, the system radioluchevogo identification, electronic grid and even a minefield.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Since 2002 here Museum. The halls are not a lot of exciting — Cards former military base, standard exhibits from the second World War, all kinds of household items, and documents. Attention should be paid only part of the first hall — with models and an underground missile silo command pt. But we will see them in a real setting.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button
Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

The layout of the underground command Fri In fact, it is an iron dvenadtsatiurovnevy container suspended in a standard missile silos. The lower tier is at a depth of 33 meters (we'll go down there).

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

The tour guides — former fighters of the missile unit. Spiritual guys.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

We leave the halls. Leading the way — the most exciting. The main exhibit of the museum — the RS-20 "Governor". In organizing the NATO — SS-18 «Satan». Krosotka.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Few figures. Rocket weighs 211 tons of 34 meters in length and 3 meters in circumference. Most firing range — 15000 km. Inside — 10 warheads with an explosive equivalent of 750 kilotons of TNT each. To understand a lot of it, give an example of rocket men — 3 of these missiles would be enough to kill one hundred percent of Ukraine.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

In fact on the territory of Ukraine of such missiles has never been. This was brought after the renunciation of nuclear weapons — as a museum piece. In Ukraine, including a Pervomay stood poordinarnee missile — RS-22 (SS-24 «Scalpel»). The firing range — more than 10,000 km. But for some reason they do not museum. But there are a few 10-s missiles are much smaller. In the main — course.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button
Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button
Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Destroy missile sites began in 1994. Part undermined, and some — just filled up with debris and filled with concrete. Last silo-launcher blew in 2001. This silo-launcher — the only one in the country, which is partially preserved. Mine is filled with concrete by about two-thirds, made a nest inside the swallows. Cover weighs 120 tons, it is absolutely leans in just 8 seconds.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Next to mine — transporters. They used exactly twice — when in 19
85 brought the newest rocket and in 1994, when taken away.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button
Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Next to the tractor — tanks. When museum was still part of the rocket, no tanks were not here, they brought a couple of years back — just for the entourage.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

So on top looks underground command post. Withstand a direct hit by a nuclear warhead.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Next — the entrance to an old team Center. It was used until the end of the '70s, is currently boarded up and abandoned.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

On the terrain base nobody was walking, all movement — just under the ground. Underground tunnels here call the footway. Depth — 3 meters.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button
Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

On the walls are laid all sorts of wires and other communications. Almost like in the subway.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button
Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Refrigeration Center. Provides a suitable temperature. All systems are in working order. 'Satisfaction with tourists include the ventilation system. Buzzing creepy.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

After passing 155 meters of gallery, we get on the top floor of the command pt. In fact, every floor — this is a small circular room. Inside the tightly — the diameter of a little more than 3 meters. Few details.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button
Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button
Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Combination lock. Can you imagine what would have been Russian mobiles?)

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Went down. Tourists are allowed only on level 11 (second from the bottom) — in itself a team item. From here you can run the 10 missiles.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Himself command post can withstand a direct hit by a nuclear warhead. There are air chair — so that the duty of the shock wave is not squashed on the wal
l, they were fastened with straps.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

That "red" button. In fact — grayish and unprepossessing. To launch the missile needed on 2-consoles at once to press the button and turn the keys.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Only the officers on duty here is not under the rank of major. In peacetime, two by two, in the case of the threat of war — of three. According to the guide, a retired rocketeer on enhanced service for all the time they were transferred only twice — in 1962 during the Cuban missile crisis in 1968 and after the Prague Spring.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Climb down and go examine samples of rocket engines of different time. They were here a few 10 s.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Here — the engines of Satan, and Stiletto missiles poordinarnee.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button
Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button
Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

Nearby stands rocket P-12. Does not look very scary, but specifically because they began in 1962 Missile Crisis. Such missiles could totally be the main instrument of the Third World.

Strategic Missile Museum - missiles, mines, and the same "red" button

In total, we spent about four hours at the museum — there really has something to look and who to listen to. Place strongly recommended to visit.

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