— And that, fellow soldier, maybe Bakhnov?
— Bakhnov, certainly Bakhnov. And more than once. The whole world into dust! … But then ". (For / f "DMB")
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in Ukraine remains 176 intercontinental ballistic missiles. Almost half — were in the mines under Pervomay.
20 years ago, to get to the base of the terrain was unreal. Around — seismic sensors, the system radioluchevogo identification, electronic grid and even a minefield.
Since 2002 here Museum. The halls are not a lot of exciting — Cards former military base, standard exhibits from the second World War, all kinds of household items, and documents. Attention should be paid only part of the first hall — with models and an underground missile silo command pt. But we will see them in a real setting.
The layout of the underground command Fri In fact, it is an iron dvenadtsatiurovnevy container suspended in a standard missile silos. The lower tier is at a depth of 33 meters (we'll go down there).
The tour guides — former fighters of the missile unit. Spiritual guys.
We leave the halls. Leading the way — the most exciting. The main exhibit of the museum — the RS-20 "Governor". In organizing the NATO — SS-18 «Satan». Krosotka.
Few figures. Rocket weighs 211 tons of 34 meters in length and 3 meters in circumference. Most firing range — 15000 km. Inside — 10 warheads with an explosive equivalent of 750 kilotons of TNT each. To understand a lot of it, give an example of rocket men — 3 of these missiles would be enough to kill one hundred percent of Ukraine.
In fact on the territory of Ukraine of such missiles has never been. This was brought after the renunciation of nuclear weapons — as a museum piece. In Ukraine, including a Pervomay stood poordinarnee missile — RS-22 (SS-24 «Scalpel»). The firing range — more than 10,000 km. But for some reason they do not museum. But there are a few 10-s missiles are much smaller. In the main — course.
Destroy missile sites began in 1994. Part undermined, and some — just filled up with debris and filled with concrete. Last silo-launcher blew in 2001. This silo-launcher — the only one in the country, which is partially preserved. Mine is filled with concrete by about two-thirds, made a nest inside the swallows. Cover weighs 120 tons, it is absolutely leans in just 8 seconds.
Next to mine — transporters. They used exactly twice — when in 19
85 brought the newest rocket and in 1994, when taken away.
Next to the tractor — tanks. When museum was still part of the rocket, no tanks were not here, they brought a couple of years back — just for the entourage.
So on top looks underground command post. Withstand a direct hit by a nuclear warhead.
Next — the entrance to an old team Center. It was used until the end of the '70s, is currently boarded up and abandoned.
On the terrain base nobody was walking, all movement — just under the ground. Underground tunnels here call the footway. Depth — 3 meters.
On the walls are laid all sorts of wires and other communications. Almost like in the subway.
Refrigeration Center. Provides a suitable temperature. All systems are in working order. 'Satisfaction with tourists include the ventilation system. Buzzing creepy.
After passing 155 meters of gallery, we get on the top floor of the command pt. In fact, every floor — this is a small circular room. Inside the tightly — the diameter of a little more than 3 meters. Few details.
Combination lock. Can you imagine what would have been Russian mobiles?)
Went down. Tourists are allowed only on level 11 (second from the bottom) — in itself a team item. From here you can run the 10 missiles.
Himself command post can withstand a direct hit by a nuclear warhead. There are air chair — so that the duty of the shock wave is not squashed on the wal
l, they were fastened with straps.
That "red" button. In fact — grayish and unprepossessing. To launch the missile needed on 2-consoles at once to press the button and turn the keys.
Only the officers on duty here is not under the rank of major. In peacetime, two by two, in the case of the threat of war — of three. According to the guide, a retired rocketeer on enhanced service for all the time they were transferred only twice — in 1962 during the Cuban missile crisis in 1968 and after the Prague Spring.
Climb down and go examine samples of rocket engines of different time. They were here a few 10 s.
Here — the engines of Satan, and Stiletto missiles poordinarnee.
Nearby stands rocket P-12. Does not look very scary, but specifically because they began in 1962 Missile Crisis. Such missiles could totally be the main instrument of the Third World.
In total, we spent about four hours at the museum — there really has something to look and who to listen to. Place strongly recommended to visit.