Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov at the Summit "Rio +20" in Rio de Janeiro offered for Saving the Aral Sea to develop a special program for the UN, according to local media Thursday.
Speaking at the UN Conference on Sustainable Development, the Turkmen leader emphasized that saving the Aral Sea — a complex problem, without which it is difficult to talk about the implementation of sustainable development in Central Asia. While Berdimuhamedov noted that "the activities of the International Fund for Saving the Aral Sea, the efforts of the Central Asian states at the national level are not sufficient and need the support of the international community."
According to him, "in this matter requires a comprehensive international approach, active and systematic involvement of the United Nations."
"In this regard, our country has to start on measures that would be appropriate to implement in the form of a separate UN activities. Suggest calling it the Special Programme for the Aral Sea, which should be reflected concrete plans to stabilize and improve the situation," — said Turkmen leader at the summit.
The drying up of the Aral Sea — undrained, salt lake in Central Asia, has become one of the largest regional environmental disasters of the past century. It had severe environmental consequences, not only for the riparian countries, but also for the region, do not go to the Aral Sea, one of which is Turkmenistan. The drying up of the Aral Sea in Turkmenistan led to desertification, land degradation, a sharp aggravation of water and environmental problems in several areas of the country. According to specialists, the drying up of the Aral Sea was due to over-extraction of water for agriculture from the Amudarya and Syrdarya rivers feeding the Aral Sea.
For 2003, the surface area of the Aral Sea is about a quarter of the original, and the amount of water — about 10%.