In December 2006, the General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Protection of the abduction. Belarus Convention has not yet been signed.
He celebrated by the International Committee of the Red Cross, which appealed to the world community to pay greater attention to one of the most complex humanitarian problems that arise in times of armed conflict.
The tradition of celebrating the Day of the Disappeared on August 30 founded in the early 80's, Latin American Federation of relatives of disappeared people FEDEFAM. This organization as the first, followed by the human rights organizations such as Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and Memorial, began to raise the issue in the international arena for missing people.
How many people around the world are considered to be missing — is not precisely known. Po FEDEFAM, zatrymlivannya practice and then kill people was used by the authorities of Haiti and Guatemala in the 60's. The disappearance of political opponents were in Latin America, particularly in Chile during the Pinochet government geneerala almost the norm. According to the organization, with the 60-ies in the whole of Latin America are missing 90,000 people, and today, in this sense the worst situation in Colombia.
Human rights organizations have focused not on the disappearance of the tragic events, and not to countries where there is a permanent civil war. The UN Working Group dealing with disappearances, to date, has recorded nearly 46,000 people missing in a peaceful environment, the fault is usually non-democratic regimes. According to Amnesty International, 30 countries and law enforcement agencies use the practice of kidnapping.
Thanks to the efforts of human rights organizations, in 1992 the General Assembly adopted a special declaration in the case of violent kidnappings. Abduction was a crime in the constitution of several countries of the world. In December 2006, the General Assembly adopted the Convention on the Protection of the abduction. For the first time in history there was an international instrument obliging governments to include kidnapping, in the category of crimes under the legislation, and to ensure judicial investigation and punishment of those responsible. The Convention outlaws secret detention, the report calls to relatives and lawyers of the whereabouts of the detainees and the reasons for their detention.
Disappeared in Belarus
Belarus has not signed the Convention. The document is signed by 83 States. Belarus has not signed it. Finally, the Convention for various reasons have not signed and ratified by many Western countries.
In Belarus there are no wars and conflicts. But four people — politicians Yuri Zakharenko, Victor Gonchar, businessman Krasovsky and journalist Zavadsky, — Disappeared under mysterious circumstances. Criminal cases on their disappearance has repeatedly suspended and then restored again.
Requirements to disclose the truth about the kidnapping of these people are in the United Nations Commission on Human Rights of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and the OSCE. Current and former law enforcement officials Vladimir Naumov, Viktor Sheiman, Yuri Sivakov, Dmitry Pavlicenco denied entry into the United States and the European Union on the grounds of suspicion of involvement in the disappearance of Dmitry Zavadskiy, Victor Gonchar, Yuri Zakharenka, Anatolia Krasousky.
In August, representatives of the Belarusian opposition appealed to the UN Security Council to consider the question at the Council level political disappearances in Belarus and an international investigation. The appeal says that human rights activists and relatives of the missing opponents of the authorities used all the domestic, regional and international mechanisms for redress, but to no avail.
The authors of the note that the cases of the disappeared Yuri Zakharenka, Victor Gonchar, Anatolia Krasousky and Dmitry Zavadskiy still are not investigated by the Belarusian authorities. And its appeal opposition and human rights activists sent to the UN Security Council, taking into account the resolution establishing the International Commission of the UN inquiry into the assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri in 2005 and other politically motivated killings in Lebanon. Handling is already directed the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the permanent members of the UN Security Council — China, Russia, Britain, France and the United States.
Brest City Executive Committee Against
Brest City Executive Committee does not allow human rights activist Raman Kislyak to hold a meeting for signature by Belarus of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.
According to officials in the city, there is only one place for public events — the stadium "Locomotive". A Kisljak have a place in the order of the meeting center of the city — on the pedestrian part of the Lenin Square, next to the Science and Technology Library.
Raman Kislyak supposed to hold the event on August 30, marking the International Day of the Disappeared.