Several earthquakes have occurred on Monday near the city of Christchurch on the South Island of New Zealand. As RIA "News", the next, third this morning, an earthquake of magnitude 4.6 occurred at 14:40 local time (6:40 MSK). Quake epicenter was located 11 kilometers east of Christchurch. The earthquake lies at a depth of 12.5 kilometers.
Earlier, New Zealand were reported underground tlchki magnitudes 6.0 and 5.2. As reported by "Rosbalt", the epicenter of the first earthquake was located 13 km from the second largest city in the country Christchurch. Its center lies at a depth of 9 km. Hearth second earthquake was about 10 kilometers from the city at a depth of 11 kilometers.
It was also reported that as a result zemleryaseniya hit two buildings. Two people were under the rubble, but were successfully freed, six people suffered minor injuries.
Recall that in February in the same area there was a massive earthquake, in which 240 people were killed or disappeared.
'll Be over soon
However, in one scientists quiet. Such periodic phenomenon of "chain" earthquake characteristic of Earth, which generally develops in cycles, and seismicity is not an exception, it is also moving to the cyclic law. Even in the 150 years of seismology were intense periods of enhanced seismic processes and quieter periods. Interestingly, the pets — cats predict earthquakes and other disasters.
Meanwhile, the risk, the vibrating conveyor goes down: if we estimate the time at which continues the process of activation and sedation, they account for a few decades. And the period of revitalization, which began in the 70s to end soon, and will begin a period of calm.
The predicted earthquake: more Rome and Moscow?
Recall that the recent 5.3 magnitude earthquake near the town of Lorca in southern Spain, killing at least 10 people, according to local authorities.
Murcia — is on the line diagonally to Rome. Recall that seismologists have predicted the devastating earthquake there. So amateur seismologist Raffaele Bendandi predicted a major earthquake, which can erase Rome from the Earth. The forecast was for more than 30 years ago to the date — May 11, 2011. Many people listen to the predictions of Italy late Bendandi, as he achieved a number of successes in their work. For example, he accurately predicted many natural disasters, including the earthquake in Friuli-Venezia Giulia in 1976.
Strong earthquake forecast in Moscow
According to seismologists, Moscow, period of seismic activity in the world, which began in the 70-90's, will soon be over, but finally "tryahanut" can and Moscow. According to their own projections and in the metropolitan area are more likely to soon be expected earthquake, similar to that seen in 1977, reported by the deputy director of the Institute of Physics of the Earth Yevgeny Rogozhin. Then it was about 4-4.5 points and prishloi from the Carpathian Mountains, Romania, more exactly. Recall that just last week in the region were recorded aftershocks up to 6 points.
Moscow expects the strongest earthquake in history: scientists project seismologists in the near future in the metropolitan area will most powerful ever earthquake — earthquakes can reach magnitude 5 on the Richter scale (in practice, both in Spain!).
Followed by Japan in the near future disasters await Kamchatka, the Kuril Islands and the Caucasus may Urals.
Hazardous and safe areas of Moscow region
Scientists warn that in case of an earthquake will be hundreds of landslides: and half of Moscow could potentially go underground. According to experts, more than 50% of the city rests on the geotectonic faults, which at any moment can make themselves failures and the collapse of the soil located in those areas of buildings.
As the head of the underground research center "Digger-saved" Vadim Mikhailov, diggers believe that it is unstable crust caused the accident at the water park, "Transvaal".
According to his opinion, all the collapse of buildings and roads in the city was preceded by a series of mini-earthquakes, which, if they did not serve the cause of unhappiness, then, at least, have accelerated it. Recently, the specialists of the Moscow Mining University have developed a theory that can shed light on many disaster-related unstable seismology capital.
It is not widely known, but the land in and around Moscow has a very complex and mobile tectonics. The ground surface is a mosaic of blocks of different shapes, which are constantly moving, pressed against each other, creating mountains and ravines.
Today, geologists made a map of geodynamic zoning for Moscow and the Moscow region, it can help to protect yourself from buying a house or building in a dangerous area.
Another problem in Moscow — water. Man-made 20th century, with the construction of the subway, as the capital too "leaky". Greatly increased the number of karst — rocks with holes, which accumulate not only water, but dangerous methane gas.