In 1906, Miller (C. Miller) performed the eyelid, and a year later there was a first in the history of surgery documented the results of the operation.
Problem. Congenital bags under the eyes, which have no relation to age-related changes and are even in young people.
What to do. Transconjunctival blepharoplasty.
Operation. The operation takes 10-15 minutes under local anesthesia. From inside the eye through a tiny incision on the inside of the lower eyelid (conjunctiva) squeezed fat accumulation.
Possible complications. If the operation is carried out correctly, complications do not arise. If not, it may be a very unpleasant thing — diplopia (double vision). Can not be corrected. Fortunately, this happens very rarely.
The recovery period. 2-3 days after the operation every day you put on the incision site antiseptic ointment, and in the eyes drip a special preparation (artificial tears), reduces inflammation. Swelling passes through 5-10 days. No scars are left.
Problem. "Bags" under the eyes because of the aging face, excess skin in the upper and lower eyelids.
What to do. Blepharoplasty (eyelid surgery).
Operation. Blepharoplasty do with age-related changes century (when the circular muscle weakens the eyes and below the fat accumulates in the skin bags). The operation is performed under general anesthesia (rare) or local anesthesia. Duration 1-1.5 hours. The doctor makes an incision along the ciliary edge of the upper eyelid in the natural fold of the upper eyelid, removes fatty hernia and excess skin in the upper and lower eyelids. Then superimposed special medical tape or glue intradermal sutures.
Possible complications. If the operation is carried out correctly, there are no complications. Defects and other troubles occur due to the fault doctor. For example, if a surgeon removed more skin than you need, the lower eyelid can be stretched down (this is called "inversion of the lower lid margin"). In this case, you can make a second operation at the opticians. If the surgeon removes too much fat, you can find the "sunken" eyes. This defect, unlike the former, can not be corrected. If incorrectly made the cut, the eyes are too round, too, and, alas, forever. Yet there is such a nuisance as the loss of eyelashes (if the incision is made too close to the edge of the ciliary and damaged hair follicles). It is also impossible to fix.
The recovery period. Open your eyes you can immediately after the operation is over. If the cuts were imposed gluing, you wear them 5 days. If you have stitches, they are removed on the fifth day. After 3 weeks the swelling go away completely. The effect of the operation in the worst case is three years, ten years at best. It depends on how well the body had been removed hernia, and from what pace will continue to age and the "fall" face.
Problem. Fine lines under the eyes.
What to do. Laser dermabrasion.
Operation. In the case of laser dermabrasion skin around eye first you need to take a course of preparatory procedures for bleaching when applied to this area of special bleaching creams. The operation lasts 15 to 40 minutes using different methods of anesthesia. Then you have a few hours at the clinic, first with ice on the "wounded" of the surface, then under the supervision of a doctor. It monitors are not spinning you have a head and if there are any allergic reactions.
Contraindications. Vessels that are too close to the surface of the skin around the eyes.
Possible complications. The pigmentation of the eyelid skin (it happens in the case, if not, the course of preparatory procedures for bleaching).
The recovery period. Easy peeling and redness disappear within 1-2 weeks. 2-3 months need to wear sunglasses (optional). If necessary, grind can be repeated after a year and a half.
Problem. Low-set, drooping eyebrows.
What to do. Eyebrow lifting.
Operation. Previously, a similar problem was solved only by lifting (lift) of the entire skin of the forehead, why was not acceptable to young people. Moreover, it does not give the desired effect, since "Pulls" not only eyebrow and the upper eyelid but thus relatively eye eyebrows still remained "frowning." Now, to solve this problem, use a different surgical technique: incisions are made directly on the eyebrows, which allows us to give them (eyebrows) desired shape. The eyebrow is fixed and secured at the desired level. Operation lasts 30-60 minutes under general anesthesia.
Possible complications. After the operation is left bruising and swelling, but eyebrows may temporarily take unnatural, too curved, position. In addition, under the eyebrows are (again temporarily) cause some creases. However, all disappear without a trace after the recovery period.
The recovery period. 3-10 days. Operation need not be repeated.