First aid for wounds and bleeding

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First aid for wounds and bleeding

Little blood -> risk of infection -> washed and bandaged

Example: tore knee

  • Wash any suitable colorless liquid that can be drunk
  • for dressings clean (relatively) fabric

A lot of blood-> the risk of blood loss-> compressive bandage

Example: struck with a knife on the finger

  • If you continue to ooze blood, still impose a bandage and pressed hard
  • do not remove the bandage is made wet

Compressive bandage

Little blood -> risk of infection -> washed and bandaged

Example: tore knee

  • Wash any suitable colorless liquid that can be drunk
  • for dressings clean (relatively) fabric

A lot of blood-> the risk of blood loss-> compressive bandage

Example: struck with a knife on the finger

  • If you continue to ooze blood, still impose a bandage and pressed hard
  • do not remove the bandage is made wet

Fountain-> very rapid loss of blood-> clamp the artery tourniquet

Designated clamping of the arteries:

  • The bottom third of the shoulder
  • The upper third of the femur

First aid for wounds and bleeding

Terms of tourniquet

Tourniquet is applied only in extreme cases (fountain), because it is very often causes irreversible damage.

  • superimposed above the wound
  • superimposed on the clothes (clothes if not — puts a).
  • 1 round rope — fasten, then stretch and impose 3-4 Tour
  • Harness overlay quickly shoot slowly, gradually.
  • write the date and time of tourniquet on the forehead (Everything)
  • The time now is winter — 1:00 in the summer — 2:00,
  • then relax for 5-10 minutes and the tourniquet just above the previous place of overlay
  • wiring must be visible!
  • check that the harness correctly applied — no pulse in the limb
  • a doctor immediately

What not to do

  • the wound did not climb hands!
  • the wound did not get it!
  • do not remove the bandage is made wet

What to do next

  • deliver the victim to a doctor
  • if you can not move on their own — to call an ambulance.

Foreign body in the wound

  • if the object sticking out — as we fix it
  • bandage around the protruding object
  • ever, none of the wounds will not pull out

Epistaxis

  • provision of psycho-physiological comfort
  • head tilted slightly forward, ask the victim to support her hands
  • applying the cloth to his nose
  • cold on the nose
  • if after 10 —15 minutes does not stop — call the "fast"
  • you can not throw back his head back — possible hematemesis

Internal bleeding

  • call the "fast"
  • cold on the stomach
  • anti-shock measures
  • transported in a sitting position

Signs and symptoms of internal bleeding

  • man weakens, the pain may not be
  • paleness, cold sweats, chills
  • "Flies in front of his eyes," dizziness
  • breathing is weak, superficial
  • swollen, hard, painful pressure sensitive stomach "pose embryo"
  • may be a bruise on his stomach

What not to do

  • not anesthetize!
  • Do not feed
  • do not drink

Penetrating wound of the abdomen

  • close the wound
  • treat as internal bleeding

If you have dropped the internal organs — accurately collect in a cloth or a bag, pack glue adhesive tape, adhesive tape or pribintovyvayut without squeezing. Intestine can be touched — it is painless for the patient. Bandage constantly wet — not ssohlas intestine.

Penetrating wound of the chest

  • close the hole tightly
  • make cold
  • Do not allow to speak
  • breathe deeply

Signs and symptoms of penetrating wounds of the chest

  • white or bloody frothing at the mouth
  • is the same at the wound site

Package, a piece of plastic tape or glue the patch, check if there is an input, it can be an outlet (with a gunshot wound can be 10 times greater than the input) if it is small — it is possible to seal.

The wound in the head / brain injury Penetrating

  • impose a clean bandage
  • immediately call a "fast"
  • Do not wash
  • do not touch

Traumatic amputation

  • severed limb put in the package, its second and chill.
  • container is sent with the patient. Time — up to 6 hours
  • urgently "fast"! Be sure to say, amputation
  • have a chance to sew up to the elbow and knee
  • place in Moscow, where sew: 71 hospitals, 6, 7, 1, PDB, Research Center of Surgery, Russian Academy of Sciences (to call on the road, to agree)

Crush syndrome (Crush syndrome)

When a person enters into a blockage

  • tourniquet above the clamping and then let loose
  • released — tight bandaging of the limbs and remove the tourniquet
  • plenty of warm drinks
  • anti-shock measures and emergency hospitalization

 

This material is part of the School of first aid "Space Security."
Recommended enroll in classes at the school by phone +7 495 760-9092 or online at
http://www.allsafety.ru

Source: http://www.allsafety.ru/

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