He came up with Pinocchio

Kalachnikov Yuri — April 11, 1928 — October 4, 1998.

Essay on the creative activity of the outstanding designer artillery equipment YN Kalachnikova

The name of this man had all the chances to stay in the memories of those who worked with him. They say that even the neighbors on the porch did not know that they live next to the main designer and chief Motovilikha plant SKB, developing the artillery, multiple rocket launchers and missile systems. Find any details of his biography, except one given here of the life and personal photo — almost impossible task for the common man. But. His life and his name is certainly worthy to be immortalized in the memory of our people. 

Yuri Kalachnikov to the last breath of his life remained completely classified. Now, then, of course, a lot of it Permiaks visit, including the tenants of the house number 12 on the street Zemlyachki where the designer lived from the beginning of their work in the factory. Without, by the way, any attempt to "improve their housing situation" as career development, and worrying only about solving the housing problem for designers of his CSC.

Now, at the house where he lived Kalachnikov, established a memorial plaque. However, at the end of the building that overlooks the street. Lebedev, a designer apartment is just as far from the entrance of the selected location. At the age of 15 years, Yuri entered the Leningrad Mechanical Institute, graduated in 1949. In the years 1949-1950 — Engineer at the Gorky engineering plant. Since November 1950 he worked in the special design bureau of the Perm Machine Building Plant (now the "MZ"). Head of Design Department (1955), deputy chief designer (1963), the chief designer of the plant (1965). In 1966, the order of the minister of defense industry factory was established Special Design Bureau (SDB), appointed him chief N. Kalachnikov. Adviser to the Director-General (1995).

Under the guidance and direct participation of the YN Kalachnikova were created experimental design bureaus and production facilities, completed more than 150 research and development activities, was set up 20 and adopted 12 articles of defensive value, including:

Designed artillery unit 240-mm self-propelled mortar 2S4 "Tulip" (1972). For the first time in the artillery of design mortar base plate, which provides the possibility of transferring to a mortar firing position and shooting without preparation firing position.

152-mm towed gun 2A36 "Hyacinth-B" (1979) and its variant — 2A37 artillery unit for self-propelled gun 2S5 "Hyacinth-S" (1976).

The family of a 120-mm artillery shells, "Nona": 2A51 cannon (artillery unit) for the self-propelled gun 2S9 "Nona-S" (1981), 120-mm towed 2B16 "Nona-K" (1986), 120-mm gun 2A60 for self-propelled guns 2S23 "Nona-SVK" (with CRI "Thunderbird") (1990).

152-mm towed gun 2A36 "Hyacinth-B" (1979) and its variant — 2A37 artillery unit for self-propelled gun 2S5 "Hyacinth-S" (1976).

The family of a 120-mm artillery shells, "Nona": 2A51 cannon (artillery unit) for the self-propelled gun 2S9 "Nona-S" (1981), 120-mm towed 2B16 "Nona-K" (1986), 120-mm gun 2A60 for self-propelled guns 2S23 "Nona-SVK" (with CRI "Thunderbird") (1990).

Combat and transport and loading vehicle systems of salvo fire "Hurricane" (1976) and "Twister" (1986).

Artillery unit combat and transport and loading vehicle heavy flamethrower system TOS-1 "Pinocchio".

Created under the leadership of N. Kalachnikova samples artillery weapons are characterized by high degree of automation of fire preparation for maximum rate of fire weapons.

Yuri combined the basic work with the research and teaching activities at the Perm State Technical University, professor of design and manufacture of automatic machines. The author of many inventions.

YN Kalachnikov — a prominent designer of artillery equipment, the winner of the Lenin and State Prizes, Academician of the Russian Academy of Missile and Artillery Sciences, doctor of technical sciences, professor of Perm State Technical University. Cannons "Hyacinth-B" and "Hyacinth-S" are the most powerful in the world of 152-mm guns, their ballistic characteristics are almost marginal in terms of allowable pressures muzzle blast on the locations of the calculation. Are unique among foreign artillery systems, self-propelled mortar "Tulip" and the weapons of the "Nona", with properties howitzers and mortars. The most powerful in the world is the MLRS "Smerch".

Created under the leadership of N. Kalachnikova samples of artillery weapons of medium and large caliber have a high degree of mechanization and automation of the processes of loading for maximum rate of fire.  rn 

Yuri Kalachnikov — it's definitely the man for whom it is best to speak of his case. And the "say" they are so loud and powerful that can not forget those words.

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