High blood pressure: Myths and Realities

High blood pressure: myth and reality.

Increased pressure— A common complaint, which we call a physician. But that's associated with it a lot of myths.

Myth: hypertension transmitted only by inheritance

Indeed, it often occurs in people with a genetic predisposition to the disease. If your immediate family suffered from high blood pressure before age 50 years, and you risk to get this diagnosis. However, 90% of patients doctors can not determine the exact cause of hypertension and call it the primary one. Chances to acquire hypertension increased with age, people who are overweight, heavy drinkers, smokers. It also threatens salty food lovers and for those who lead a sedentary lifestyle. Agree, this is a typical portrait of modern man, corrupted "the pleasures of civilization."

High blood pressure(AD) can also be a symptom of other diseases. In this case, referred to as secondary hypertension. Most often, it leads to kidney disease. Frequent and so-called endocrine hypertension, when hormonal imbalance in the body gives rise to the development of the disease. Especially dangerous are the high content of certain hormones by the thyroid gland, adrenal gland, overactive pituitary gland. The causes of high blood pressure can be a head injury and brain tumors, some congenital and acquired heart disease. It may cause an increase in pressure and the use of some drugs: hormonal contraceptives, steroids, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents (aspirin, indometacin, etc.), drugs which depress appetite certain antidepressants.

Myth: people live for years with hypertension, and nothing

This view, unfortunately, many backed by personal experience (which, as you know, "the son of errors"). And, nevertheless, periodic or permanent increase in blood pressure damages the small arteries, becoming the cause of disruption of almost all organs. "Bombardment", which exposes hypertension brain, heart, eyes, kidneys, sooner or later leads to brain stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure and renal failure, retinal detachment and blindness. If nothing is done, then the inevitable complications. Short-term "jump" BP is the same violations as long it increase. Sharp fluctuations even more dangerous: in fact in this case the cells do not have time to regroup, to "extinguish" the sudden strain.

Myth: High-pressure headache

Increase BP may be accompanied by headaches, weakness, nausea, flashing of the "flies" before the eyes, aching in the chest. But these symptoms are not always. Often man does not notice that he had high blood pressure. Only random measurements or dispensary examinations can identify hypertension. And this can be considered a big success — in fact often the first manifestation of the disease become its complications. Those who are older than 40, it is necessary to measure blood pressure at least once a month.

Myth: you just have to take pills for high blood pressure, and when it returned to normal, medication is not needed

This is a dangerous misconception. Treatment of hypertension should be constant and under the supervision of a physician. With increased pressure to take medication necessary. When it is normal, you can not stop taking it. After all, it had become normal and the medication, and as soon as they stop the action, the pressure could rise again. Blood differently pressing on the vascular wall. When the heart contracts (that is, there is systole) and the aorta and arteries released another portion of the blood in the vessels dramatically increases the pressure. This is the systolic pressure. On average, healthy person, it is 110-130 mm Hg. Art. Then the heart is at rest — comes diastole. The blood pressure in the arteries is reduced. The value of the diastolic pressure is about 70-80 mmHg and depends on the tone of the vascular wall.

Indicators of normal pressure are the same for all persons over 18 years of age, regardless of gender or age. Pressure above 140/90 mmHg is considered high. Ideal for the treatment of hypertension is considered to be the lowest pressure at which you feel good. For example, even such unusual for you as 100/60 mmHg However, if the blood pressure does not rise above 140/90 mm Hg, it can be considered a great success. The main thing — do not stop the treatment.

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