In Ecuador extends state of emergency in seven provinces. Photographic

April 2. The Government of Ecuador additional decree Azuay province annexed to the list of six areas most affected during this winter season, the most severe in 14 years. This was announced by President Rafael Correa, the press during his stay in the city of Cuenca, the provincial capital, where this week have been reported the most intense precipitation this winter, exceeding even the rains of 1998, when the entire country was influenced by the phenomenon of El Nino.

Thus, the state of emergency currently in effect in seven of the 24 provinces of Ecuador: Guayas, Los Rios, Manabi, El Oro, Loja, Esmeraldas and Azuay. According to the Secretariat of risk management from the beginning of the year the rains have already claimed the lives of 31 residents. Under the state of emergency, the government will allocate more funds from the reserve fund to eliminate the effects of this winter, primarily to meet the needs of health, education, road maintenance, housing and compensation for the loss of farmers. Also in the affected areas are transferred additional forces from the military and police to ensure the evacuation of the population and the clearing of debris, because the meteorologists promise continued rains, causing damage to the population. From the beginning, from the intense rains affected 89,418 people.

Rains recorded in the central provinces of the Sierra, such as Bolivar, Chimborazo, Tungurahua, Pichincha, have a strong impact on flooding in the Ecuadorian coast. Has explained Paola Lopez, a Red Cross worker. When the rain on the mountainous part of the country, the water runs down the slopes and overflowed rivers of the coastal provinces, mainly in the Los Rios, Manabi and Guayas. According to Lopez, more than any other it is reflected in the river in Chimbu (Guayas) last week waterway overflowing, bubbling streams swept away everything in its path and we had to evacuate the six cantons. Fernando Garcia, a specialist of the hydrology of the National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (Inamhi) confirmed this version and explained that because of the high volume of rain water in the mountains, there is a so-called high hydrographic flushing of the water supplied to the plain. This, in turn, leads to flooding. With a water flowing at an angle, is the plant material: branches, sticks, whole trees, grass and trash. Often this leads to the clogging material flow and the river above the place overflows its banks, flooding the surrounding area. Garcia also said that in June, may have similar problems in the Ecuadorian Amazon, if the rains continue.

However, although in recent weeks have been reported intense rainfall, triggering flood large areas, the specialists of the Institute of Oceanography and Inamhi (Inocar) argue that it is not the most severe winter. According to reports, rainfall remains within normal parameters, while President Rafael Correa reiterated on Wednesday evening on his page on the social network Twitter, that winter 2012 will be the most severe in 14 years. A day earlier, he said that this winter like the winter of 2008.

As explained by Captain Edwin Pinto, head of research department Inocar, it is quite normal — that winter in Ecuador, as well as throughout Latin America, the rain, but because of the deficit in the previous years this winter seems to be very rainy. He also rejected the possibility of a return of the phenomenon El Nino. Inocar devices measure the amount of precipitation in a station of the Institute, located in the cantons of San Lorenzo, Esmeraldas, Manta, La Libertad, Guayaquil and Puerto Bolivar Island Pune. In Guayaquil, according to reports Inocar, in March of 1500 mm of rain fell in February, a little more than 1000, and in January 500. The strongest rains here were recorded in 1998: in January, received more than 1 500 mm in February, more than 2000 mm, and in March, a little less than 3000 mm. In the cantons Manta and Pune rained more than usual for the month, for example, in the port of Manta in March fell to 122.90 mm of rainfall, when the average is 79.5 mm. And yet, according to Edwin Pinto, although rainfall than usual, it is not critical. In addition, in some areas of rain in the whole month was below normal: the canton of Esmeraldas, according Inocar, rainfall in March recorded 79.4 mm, when the average is 146.8 mm. In the canton of La Libertad fell at a rate of 107.1 mm 155.5 mm.

Flavio Ramos, a meteorologist in Guayaquil Inamhi explains intense rainstorms Amazon disruptions — moving warm moist air from the Amazon basin. In addition, this is consistent with the increased evaporation from the surface of the Pacific Ocean, mainly north-west, that is, opposite the coast of South America. This evaporates the moisture forms clouds that move under the influence of the monsoon to the coast.

But the same Flavio Ramos admits that his institute experts did not take into account one important for this winter season factors: the frequency with which the rain in some areas of the country. Naturally, he said, going three or four days heavy rain, of course, difficult to evacuate accumulated water. This situation is exacerbated by the fact that the rivers are full of not only water, but also debris and earth, which causes limiting the depth and the average amount of water flowing through the channel, overflows.

All this leads to another problem, particularly pronounced in the south of Ecuador. Last Tuesday, the two cars were in the turbulent flow, hitting a high water 4 km north of the capital of the province of Los Rios, highway Babahoyo — Quevedo. The first accident took place at 05:00, when a truck loaded with bananas did not notice the water that covers the road, ditch, and rolled over on its side. 500 boxes of the product was in the water, Joel Rivera, the driver of the vehicle, managed to save his life, to get out of the truck. In the same area an hour Vitara Jeep brand also went to the road and began to sink. It all happened very quickly, the driver Jose Guerrero did not have time to jump out of the car, so that in just a few seconds with the car he was drowned. However, after a further 30 seconds brave man of 73 years has come up to the surface. National Police have blocked traffic on this section for passenger vehicles as long as reduce the level of water in rivers Katamari, Clementine, San Pablo, flooded the surrounding swamps.

City Babahoyo all into a big island. Highway leading to Guayaquil, overrun, and the same thing happens on the highway in the direction of Quevedo. Trucks with a banana should travel far more miles to deliver the product to the port of Guayaquil. The temporary closure of the bridge forced hundreds of people to make additional transplants. However, the riders were thankful to God for the flood: a passenger on the 3-km stretch they get a dollar. Car owners reported that some citizens are paid to the fact that help vehicles circulate on flooded tracks, and when the driver refused to pay these people attack them or damaging vehicles.

43,000 hectares of plantation lost more obviously damaged 9000 — here are the only results of the assessment of damage, which began on March 12. The damage could have been much more recognized Deputy Agriculture Minister Ivan Wong, because the data are preliminary, and the rains keep going.

Meanwhile, in the city of Cuenca continued liquidation of the historic flooding that has left, among other things, two of the victims. Clemencia Lopez, Colombian by birth, died on Wednesday, sinking with his vehicle in a swampy area in the province of Los Rios. In the car were also two grandchildren dead woman and her husband, however, they managed to escape from the inevitable life thanks to the fast response of local residents and the police. Another man, a boy of 12 years, died in the province of Cotopaxi, falling into the river, while in the province of Manabi man was killed by electric shock. In Canton Tulkan (province Carchi) fire, as Ecuador and Colombia are looking Ecuadorian Carlos Calderon (40), who last weekend Carchi fell into the river, about 2 km from the international bridge Rumichaka. In the canton of Esmeraldas view damage parts of the supporting structures of a landslide, the north and the center of the city was left without electricity for almost 5 hours. The level of the river water Kwak (Manabi Province) decreased from 23 meters to 13 meters in depth over the past 24 hours, so that local authorities analyze the abolition of increased vigilance in Canton Pedernales because the evacuation of water is fine.

Winter leads to a shortage of gas for domestic use in the capital of Ecuador. Although the authorities have rejected the possibility of deficits, collapses and landslides on several major highways, which delivered fuel distribution stations, lead to an increase in delivery time. Osvaldo Muñoz, head of the gas distribution station in the north of the city, in Carcela, said that in recent weeks, people come for fuel more often, complaining that the gas quickly ends. He added that the last 2-3 months has been slow in the delivery of gas cylinders, but there is no shortage of fuel.

Source: Ecuador Today


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