Among the historical documents often are those who drop out of the orthodox historian trembling, and he is trying to distance itself from them the only possible argument — a fake! So it was with many discoveries, is not relevant to its time, such as dinosaur tracks and the man allegedly existed at the same time, technological artifacts in granite, limestone or coal seams of the age of tens and hundreds of millions of years, maps of Piri Reis and Orontsiya Finney XVI century depicting the Antarctica for hundreds of years before the discovery of this continent.
One day at a conference of science fiction writers held at the end of the 70s, someone jokingly suggested the idea that Leonardo da Vinci was an alien from the future, not accidentally find themselves in their own time, but without being able to go back and was forced to as- then transform their knowledge to the demands of the age in which was. One of the disputants said that he believed would be the idea, if the documents found da Vinci drawing of a car or a radio circuit. Opponent quipped, "What if Leonardo went back in time from the end of XIX and beginning of XX century, when there were no cars, no radio?". "Well, at least there were drawings of the steam engine and the bike".
Unfortunately, both the debater were writers, not historians, and very superficially known biography of his challenger for the title of the stranger from another time: in the extant drawings and drawings by Leonardo there is a steam engine and the bike, and quite modern, with small wheels and chain drive to the rear wheel — just be what appeared only at the end of the last century! But again, the voices of skeptics: "It's a fake."
And what's interesting: the steam engine in the drawing by Leonardo clearly visible piston and the cylinder, but the other important components — steam distribution valves of the drive — as if accidentally filled with thick ink stain.
Science-fiction writers remembered the Dutch artist Hieronymus Bosch (1460-1516 gg.), A contemporary of Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519 years), among surreal scenes where you can clearly see the "flying saucer", bathysphere, the night of the bombing from the air and even the one is the tunnel through which, according to research by Moody'' souls of the dead go to another world. But the figures Bosch is something that he under no circumstances could not see in his time: drawing man rushing at high speed on the surfboard with a metal handrail!
However, the high-speed boat in this picture is not, and skeptics argue that the surfboard could be towed and dolphin. Another interesting figure below: Rod breaks, surfboard, losing hydrodynamic buoyancy, his nose, goes under the water, and "Aquanaut" have to go alone.
In 1837, a then-little-known American writer Edgar Poe was a strange visitor, or rather, the visitor with a strange sentence: "From your friends, I know what you're working on a novel. I can guarantee you that it will be published, if you follow my brand tiny request: somewhere in the text of the novel will give a description of the fluid, word for word, without changing anything. "
And a visitor to Edgar handed a sheet of paper. The writer has read and almost imperceptible shrug — please though was really strange, but trifling. In 1838, in New York, he released his novel "The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym," whose main character has experienced incredible adventures on the island near Antarctica.
There he came across a wonderful creek, the disclosure of which, until recently, caused perplexity to readers. "I find it difficult to give an accurate representation of the liquid, — says the hero of the novel, and certainly can not do this without resorting to a lengthy description. It was not colorless, but neither had any particular color. It shimmered in the movement of all possible shades of purple, like shimmer tones in silk.
Typing in a vessel water and giving it a good stand, we noticed that it was all a lot of distinctly stratified into distinct flowing veins, and each had its own particular shade. They do not mix, and traction in some veinlets was incomparably greater than that between the individual veins. We spent a knife across the jets, and they immediately closed, as is the case with ordinary water, and when the blade is pulled, no trace is left flushing. If you carry a knife carefully between the two veins, they are separated from each other, and only after some time, the adhesive force merges them together. "
Experts see in these lines accurate description of the properties of liquid crystals, which were discovered only in the next century! In pure form, they are not found in nature, and can vouch that Poe is nowhere they could not see.