Kazakhstan freeze the prices of a number of socially important food products and introduces state regulation of wholesale and retail prices of local products. To prevent social explosion and resolve the situation in Kazakhstan consumer market pricing commission created under the First Deputy Prime Minister Umirzak Shukeyev. Experts attribute what is happening to the country's entry into the Customs alliance.
President Nursultan Nazarbayev at first today, stated that by 2013 Kazakhstan may reach the level of advanced countries in life. "The past year We finished with the indicator 9 thousand dollars of GDP per capita, and by purchasing opportunities exceeded the level of moderately developed countries, "- he said.
"In such characteristics we planned to leave in 2015," — said the favorite civilization. But now the authorities have recognized that the socio-economic situation is getting worse. Prices for products and services grew palpable: almost twice more expensive sugar, vegetable oil, cereals, meat and dairy products. For example, buckwheat in comparison with the last year has increased in value by 2.5 times, the beef was more expensive by 40%, lamb by 33%. The actual purchasing power has fallen sharply. Did not help, and an increase in salaries to state employees from 1 July to 30%. The level of annual inflation, according to the calculations of professionals can reach 11% vs. 7% in the past year. Today's rate of growth in the major food and higher prices for utilities beating first on low-income groups: pensioners, students and small businessmen who make up a significant portion of the population. The middle class can be attributed only 20% of Kazakhstan.
The culprit of rising prices in the country "appointed" Customs Alliance (TA). It turned out that enterprising Russian businessmen buy buckwheat is grown in Kazakhstan, pack it in Russian wrapper and sold again in Kazakhstan, but as Russian product, doubling its price. It is possible that the same function done in the case with GSM, which is now experiencing a lack of oil production country — Fuel prices grow up and have not commensurate with the income of Kazakhstan, and certain types of fuel on the market in fact.
"More year back to the start of the vehicle, the professionals were expectations that inflation, rising prices of consumer products will increase, but the authorities will be able to keep them under control through the creation of replacement and stabilization funds. It has become evident that no municipal interventionism was not and is not, and is accurate to the convergence rate of the government of Kazakhstan to the Russian prices, "- said," NG "Kazakh economic observer Tulegen Askarov. Later, in his words, we can expect increased Russian influence on Kazakhstan's economy. This, according to professional, are influenced by two factors: Our homeland is the first place on the import of products in Kazakhstan and, together with the products of our own homeland export price level. second factor — the Russians are buying products at low Kazakhstan domestic prices, then resell it in Kazakhstan for at Russian prices. criteria in the absence of customs duties large Russian companies can dump and reshape the domestic market of Kazakhstan "by itself". "Together with price increases and social tension", — said Tulegen Askarov.
Experts do not rule out that Kazakhstan may start mass protests. Nazarbayev has already received several letters demanding to denounce the agreement on the Customs Union. The creators, public officials, opposition politicians, media representatives point to the economic and political damage that pulls the Republic role in this organization, and threatened to raise the issue of the resignation of the country's administration, including the president. The notion that Kazakhstan quite divided, first regionally, and Kazakhs patient, do not completely correspond with what they say specialists.
"Social protests are gaining momentum in Kazakhstan. In the coming years this process will intensify. It is more that there is someone to organize the masses — there were public organizations, the unemployed lawyers, other active opposition", — says the director of the Center for Analysis of Public Kazakhstan Makhmutova problems. In her opinion, the protest potential will grow first in the west, in the area of oil and gas fields, where documented cases of discrimination against local workers. Recall that lasted all summer Magystau strike oil, but now there are protesting the railroad.