New SAM «Vityaz» is prepared to stand up in order

New SAM

Not so long ago in Russia there have been positive changes in the development of promising medium-range air defense complex acts «Hero». This complex defense should come to replace SAM series S-300P, S-300PS and «Book», which has long been the hallmark of Russian air defense system. With all this available disk imaging on a brand new complex as previously obscure and uneventful. How, in general, is different and the information on the likely scale of its production. In January 2012, the official dealer of the Defense Ministry, Colonel Vladimir Drik said that the Russian Air Force until 2020, has received more than 30 similar complexes. But this amount is clearly insufficient for the substitution of all existing systems S-300 and in February 2012 appeared in the media brand new figure. According to the latest disk imaging the army has to be made 38 sets of divisional SAM «Hero». This figure is in excellent agreement with the plans for the construction of 2 new plants in Kirov and Nizhny Novgorod aimed at serial production of missile systems and radar subsequent generations.

SAM «Vityaz» — a Russian missile system is the latest generation of medium-range actions. OCD for this project was started in 2007 after the Russian Defense Ministry has been demonstrated valid standard medium-range SAM KM-SAM produced for delivery to South Korea to win GSKB «Almaz-Antey» International Tenders. If talk about the Russian version. Then the creation of design documentation for the project took place in 2011, in 2012 it is planned to create test standard and is scheduled to end in 2013 municipal complex tests.

New SAM

SAM version of the intended «Hero»

New SAM is a self-propelled launcher, working with vserakursnym motionless with electric scanning radar sites and command Fri based on the chassis of a special vehicle bases. In ammunition complex could conceivably enter 9M96/9M96E medium-range missiles used in the S-400 and short-range missiles 9M100. There is also information about that in the complex mogzhet consumed ground version SD aviation combat air medium-range R-77 (R-77ZRK).

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According to the Chief of the Russian Air Force, Col. Gen. Alexander Zelin, fighting ability SAM «Hero» in a couple of times to overshadow the ability to stand on arms air defense systems S-300. According to available disk imaging one SAM launcher «Knight» will be able to carry 12 missiles (according to other sources up to 16 missiles) against 4 anti-aircraft missiles mounted on the complex S-300PS. Also, the new complex will possess an increased number of motivated channels that will allow him to immediately track down and create a fire more goals.

Work on the new complex air defense system began to GSKB Concern PVO «Almaz-Antey» still in the early 90-ies of the last century. This practice, in which design work promising systems are carried out with the existence of yet fully modern current complexes for our KB is common. With all this support, and intrigued by the country in the development of the complex is not very reinforced by means. Performs work actually «own initiative» is not a bad concern helped export earnings. According to CEO Igor GSKB Ashurbeyli, concern was able to reach out to the country and the military only in the 2000s, because more than 50 S-300PS simply be charged with weapons by the year 2015 due to the merits of deadlines operation. All facilities will be decommissioned recycled.

New SAM
SAM version of the intended «Hero»

According to Igor Ashurbeyli, the latest S-300PS were produced for the Russian army in 1994. Ever since these complexes were carried out only for export. Currently also stopped and new export orders for this complex. S-300 was developed for the defense of large industrial and administrative facilities, Fri, control and communications, naval bases from enemy air and space attack the enemy.

According to CEO GSKB, substitution of complex S-300PS in the army for new SAM «Hero» could begin in 2013-2014. Tighten the adoption of the new complex could adopt a problem with funding, but in light of the state program adopted in Russia arms purchases in 2020 of more than 20 trillion. rubles, such option seems unlikely. Because within 2-3 years S-300PS will be removed from combat duty because of the end of their useful life. With all this, if at this point SAM «Knight» will not be created, the air defense system of the capital may appear severe breach. Although according to the professionals, and are armed with S-300PM, which can stand still in service up to 10 years and then only problem is that their army is comparable small — only a few divisions.

Work on the creation of a new complex moved from the dead point after when «Almaz-Antey» won an international tender by the French and the Yankees to build complex defense for South Korea. Financing development work performed by the customer, which allowed not to close the project. While many defense enterprises survived only due to export orders. Korean programm has allowed not only to continue to work on the creation of the complex, and get invaluable access to new technologies, because South Korea is not limited KB Russian workers access to imported electronic components, helping to learn to work with it.

New SAM
S-300PS

On a new complex defense walks a lot of rumors, but to judge him on the Korean model not quite true. Russian military requirements determined by other tactical and technical characteristics and different kind of complex. SAM «Vityaz» must come immediately to replace two air defense systems — S-300PS and «Buk-M1-2,» which kind of makes duplicating functions. Fighting ability «Vityaz» failed to increment through the use of new means of selection and detection purposes, the growth of computing capabilities of the complex, which affects the speed and amount of engaged targets at once, as the implementation of new algorithms convergence missiles with the objectives thereby achieving successful defeat maneuvering and speed objects. Also, the new complex is characterized by a rise in SAM launcher to 12-16 pieces against 4 on the complexes of «Book» and the C-300. Because of this complex is able to reflect the massive attacks with the introduction of high-precision weapons. The complex also will have new means jamming that will allow him to work in the criteria of the strong opposition of the enemy electronic warfare and new remedies for detection and special anti-radar missiles.

Currently, there is information that experienced benchmark complex already undergoing tests, which, however, does not mean cessation of development activities. In the process of passing the test structure of the complex is subject to different configurations. Expect the same representation of the complex to the public can be no earlier than 2013, after state testing applets. With all of this in the integration of SAM program from rearmament already states that the tests are complex rather successful.

Example creation of complex «Hero», when to activate the main work on the project had for 5 years, once again proves that the failures in caring for the country’s defense may have very sad consequences. While bureaucrats and power while cradling himself proud of Merit more Russian period and boasted abilities S-300, which took a good demand abroad, it turned out that this complex of early versions do not meet modern realities and technological base available to troops complexes close wear. Work on the new complex SAM «Hero», which was activated in 2007, is unique in record time. Earlier such tasks were solved for 5 years until the time of Lawrence Beria when «Diamond» so rather short time was able to make the first S-25 for air defense of Moscow.

New SAM
Functional radar from the Korean KM-SAM SAM

The story of the creation of this set of lessons for the future, which proves that rest on their laurels, using the groundwork of past generations, will not work. Because inaction in real can lead to severe backlog in the future. In all this there is reason for optimism, because the strength of Russian companies in store and KB was sufficient in order to even after a long period of carelessness not to start with a sheet of pure, and as before to stay on the leading technological position in the world, though not without sudden aid South Korea.

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Created by Sergey Yuferev

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