PDW term appeared in the middle of the 80s, when the company Heckler & Koch introduced the MP5K-PDW, option MP5K submachine gun with folding butt. But the real PDW, which combines within itself a compact pistol, the rate of fire with a submachine gun and assault rifle efficiency, it was considered impossible: Chuck 9×19 not allowed to make an instrument that meets the requirements of the so controversial. The first real step in this direction did the Belgians who provided first 90 complex pistol Five-seveN and PDW FN P90 under the new cartridge 5,7 x28. Heckler & Koch was set to catch up, and only a decade later broke the monopoly of the FN, offering its own version of PDW caliber 4,6 x30. Since that time, the Belgian and German standards PDW compete among themselves and NATO is not decided in favor of whom choose to allow members of the alliance to do it without the help of others.
PDW for the Bundeswehr
Now the German army fraction of the traditional infantry soldier in other words, specifically to fight the enemy with an assault rifle, is relatively small. Guilty of this as the emphasis in the direction of peacekeeping and counter-terrorism missions, as well as the saturation of modern troops and heavy weapons sverhtehnologichny systems in need of numerous media logistics, maintenance and supply. So Makarov, in a modern army there is a significant range of military specialties, the priority tasks which do not involve a direct role in the fighting. C on the other hand, the soldiers of the category (drivers of military vehicles and mc, canitary, workers and staffs signalers, fighters inzhenernyhi repair units, etc.) are not immune from the risk of attack by the enemy, and therefore in need of self-defense weapons. Until next time, its role in the Bundeswehr made various types of small weapons: pistols P1 and P8, sub-machine guns MP2 Uzi, assault rifles and G3 and G36.
Pistol and submachine gun are two major flaws in the application to the designated target. 1st — is unsatisfactory accuracy, providing acceptable performance comparable to shooting only small distances. The second shortcoming of the breakdown is rather weak action pistol cartridge, making the fire on the attacking manpower, flak vest, ineffective, not to mention shooting at a light armored vehicle.
Assault rifle is free of these defects and equipping it for self-defense fighter was one of the compromises. But the experience of the introduction of the G3 and G36 rifles showed that due to the intrinsic dimensions of the rifle is often a hindrance to the performance of a fighter's own major service obligations. In the conditions of a limited space (in the cab car, plane or helicopter in the fighting compartment fighting vehicles) rifle and means for fixing it take a fairly large amount, which could be used more appropriately.
The study prepyadstviya spices BWB (Army Office for Logistics) revealed the need for the development and adopting special weapon of self-defense that would meet three main requirements:
— The standard must be present instrument, capable of leading a single and automatic fire;
— On the dimensions instrument should occupy the position between a pistol and a submachine gun;
— The ballistic properties of the distance to the introduction of RDW new gun should not have been noticeable to yield weapons chambered for 5,56 x45 and provide manpower to defeat body armor at ranges up to 200 m
With all of this German spetsy note that we are not talking about the substitution of existing types of small tools. PDW is regarded by them as an addition to the existing system of infantry weapons, allowing to fill the existing gap between the guns, pistols, machine guns and assault rifles.
MP7 on the teachings of the British police
Personal self-defense weapon PDW MP7 was created in the late '90s in accordance with the programs of NATO's "Soldier modernization» AC225 on 16.04.1989, in Germany received the title Infanterist der Zukunft (IdZ)-infantryman of the future. Despite this, Heckler & Koch has funded the creation of PDW hundred percent of their own funds. Company of Oberndorf is naikrupneyshim European manufacturer infantry gun and an important supplier for the Bundeswehr it because its designers knew exactly what was required German military. 4,6 x30 cartridge was designed by British ammunition manufacturer Royal Ordnance, Radway Green (comes in BAE Systems) with the company Dynamit Nobel.
Contrary to what the new gun submachine gun is not, it has received all the same "pistol-machine gun" designation Maschinenpistole 7 (MP7), because in the catalog Bundeswehr such type of small tools is not provided. The number "7" means that it is the seventh standard, referred to this type of tool and recommended for supplying the German armed forces. Predecessors PDW MP7 in the catalog were MP1 (gun-Gun Thompson M1A1), MP2 (Uzi), MP3 and MP4 (respectively Walther MP-L and MP-K), and H & K MP5. What the standard submachine gun was given the designation MP6, in the open press were reported. To avoid the introduction of English abbreviations Bundeswehr introduced for the PDW own term «Nahbereichwaffe» (close range weapon). But until now this title did not stick and found very rarely.
Layout MP7 was first presented in 1999, but his tests revealed the need for a number of design configurations was introduced non-removable flash suppressor and receiver cover, plank "Picatinny" has been extended and completed the entire length of the receiver has been fixed removable front sight iron sight , made as part of the venting device.
These improvements have been completed by 2001, then received a new tool in the Army Special Forces units (KSK), Division of Special Operations (DSO) a
nd Military Police. After upgrading the 2003 PDW index gained MP7A1 and as such it was decided to adopt the Bundeswehr to spoof submachine gun MP2A1 co folding iron butt. Modernization was to change the form of the pistol handle and butt, introducing additional side bar "Picatinny" and flip the iron sight.
In the German Army planned to equip the MP7A1 as soldiers and officers of combat units (machine-gun crew, the crews of combat vehicles), as well as staff, no specific role in the fighting (honey and transport units, military police). It is believed that such a re-solve two fundamental tasks. First — to equip the military instrument of self-defense, to which they would be able to close range really resist the attacking side, armed with assault rifles. Second task — to remove the existing abundance of species of self-defense weapon, c so that the nurse, a cook, a driver and a helicopter pilot used a single standard weapon of self-defense, having also similar mechanism and act with the main army rifle G36. In this regard, experts at NATO called Adopt the PDW «3:1 solution" as a new tool combines the characteristics of three types of small weapons: pistols, submachine guns and assault rifles.
In 2002, Heckler & Koch started to create a pistol caliber 4,6 x30, known under the designation of civilian Ultimate Combat Pistole (UCP) and the index of the military P46. Together with the MP7 this gun had to enter into the complex of small guns chambered for 4,6 x30, like his Belgian counterpart. But so far the military showed no enthusiasm to P46 and the upcoming fate of the project remains in question. On the civilian market UCP (P46) also remained unclaimed in the main because of their own narrow specialization — combat manpower in the means of personal body armor.
Unlike a pistol, PDW MP7 claim to a wider range of implementation. In addition to military use, this tool triggered the enthusiasm of the VIP-protection services and bodyguard, which is especially nice opportunity nestled wear. Another of the possible uses for PDW MP7 serve as special police (for the statements of the police German, criminals wearing body armor — brand new reality, which is now reckoned).
Equipping the Bundeswehr PDW is slow and mundane parts of it still exotic. The first large batch MP7A1 (434 copies) was staged in 2003 and to the current total number of days in the army is about 2,000. PDW being piloted in the division, DSO, in the framework of programs from IdZ. Namely, MP7A1 received as a personal hands-gunners guns infantry units armed with machine guns MG4. In contrast to the MG3, a new gun is operated by one person, because there was a need to equip the arrow more serious weapon of self-defense than the previously used for this purpose, the 9-mm pistol. Bundeswehr Military Police equips PDW MP7A1 own bodyguards. Of the special units that use MP7A1, may be referred to the aforementioned KSK (in 2002 delivered 60 copies), Navy SEALs, GSG-9 and SWAT Hamburg. MP7A1 and became one of the tools to combat the financial crisis. Purchase of the party in 1000 PDW total cost of € 3 million for the Bundeswehr is part adopted in 2009 applets aimed at reviving the German economy.
Called the PDW enthusiasm and outside Germany. In September 2003, the U.S. Marine Corps to conduct comparative tests MP7 and P90. For this purpose, the Americans, the company Heckler & Koch have acquired 12 units MP7, which were equipped with silencers and were created to test the crews of helicopters. In testing the pilots were PDW in the hip holster and silencer separately — in the pocket of a lifejacket. In 2003, the British Ministry of Defense intends to acquire 15,000 units of such instruments, a first for the police. British police use it in the automatic version MP7SF (Single Fire). In May 2007, the Ministry of Defense of Norway ordered MP7A1 6500 to spoof the 9-mm submachine guns. In total MP7 is used by 17 countries, it is also adopted for the UN troops.