Concept pneumoniaintegrates the whole group of diseases which occur in pulmonary inflammation. This process causes the microbes (pneumococci, staphylococci, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Legionella, and others), viruses (influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus), fungi, protozoa. It is also possible the development of inflammation by inhalation of toxic substances, gases, and other hazardous chemicals.
Most often, the development of pneumonia due to the weakening of the body's defenses. This may be due to hypothermia, a viral disease, taking drugs that lower the immune system.
Greater risk of developing pneumonia are:
- the elderly;
people with comorbid conditions: chronic lung disease, diabetes, Parkinson's disease, alcoholism,
cardiovascularand other diseases;
- patients who have recently undergone surgery;
- people with congenital disorders of bronchopulmonary system, weakened immunity.
Medicine now has excellent diagnostic methods and a powerful arsenal of antibiotics, but in spite of this mortality for pneumonia reaches
Simtomy and signs of pneumonia
The diagnosis of "inflammation light ", like many years ago, puts the therapist or pulmonologist who patiently listens to the lungs and rattles. It is mandatory radiography chest cells may additionally need a bronchoscopy. Wheezing, listen to the lungs and the darkening of the characteristic X-ray — significant signs of inflammation of the lungs.
The most characteristic symptoms of pneumonia:
- sudden onset of fever and chills;
- wet cough with phlegm;
- shortness of breath at rest;
- painchest cage with deep breathing or coughing;
To find the true culprit of pneumonia in each case will help microbiologists, revealing the causative agent of the so-called biological material (sputum, bronchial washings obtained during bronchoscopy).
Often pneumonia require treatment in a hospital, so that in no case did not resist hospitalization, doctor's appointments. This will help avoid dangerous complications (pleurisy, lung abscesses, acute respiratory failure,
Treatment Pneumonia is always complex. It includes antibiotics (in extreme cases be administered in the form of infusions), anti-inflammatory and expectorant drugs, inhalation.
Along with medicines play an important role physiotherapy (warming light, magnetic therapy, electrophoresis absorbable drugs), massage chest cell breathing exercises.
More difficult to treat complications of pneumonia. If you have a pleural effusion or purulent process, be reserved by patience and faithfully perform all the medical prescriptions — these diseases in the absence of treatment of life-threatening.
The best way to fully restore health from pneumonia — to rest in a sanatorium respiratory care. These resorts are usually located in the forest area, in the low or at the seaside.