Moscow — Russian nuclear power plants are poorly prepared for earthquakes and other natural disasters, according to a government study, which was conducted after the accident at the Japanese nuclear power plant "Fukushima". This study was on Thursday agency AFP.
The unusually frank report on the study was provided by the Council, which was attended by President Dmitry Medvedev, on June 9. This was first reported on the website of the Norwegian organization for environmental protection Bellona.
Until now, Russia has actively defended its ten nuclear power plants and 32 reactors from any criticism.
Prime Minister Vladimir Putin on April 30 called the system of nuclear safety in the country, "the best in the world."
But the report indicates more than 30 deficiencies, including lower rates of security and lack of a clear plan of action for the safe storage of nuclear waste and fuel at some stations.
The report says that the engineering structures in many stations do not meet current regulations for the preparation of plants for natural disasters.
The report was provided by high-level officials and a limited group of Russian non-governmental organizations, but has not been published in the country's media. Two different sources of the report came to the agency AFP.
The head of "Rosatom" Sergey Kiriyenko recently mentioned recommendations for improvement, and said that some changes will cost $ 180 million.
The representative of "Rosatom" said the training at Russian nuclear power plants are more than enough, and sharply denied any act of providing a report at a meeting on June 9.
Sergei Novikov, a spokesman of "Rosatom", said by telephone that the agency does not take the report as a public document and that the Council of the Federation did not take him into consideration.
Sources also said that the evaluation is not engaged in nuclear preparedness "Rosatom", and other government agencies.
Environmentalists joyfully greeted the report for providing honest information about the neglected state of many reactors of Soviet times, spoken of by many observers, and some of Russia's neighbors, such as Norway.
"We knew about each item in the report", — said the director of Bellona in Russia Igor Kudrik. "But the information comes from the" Rosatom ", where problems. We are surprised that they admitted it publicly, "- he added.
The report notes some specific stations, but, in general emphasizes the weakness of a national approach. Notes the lack of a unified scientific and technological system for radioactive waste at nuclear power plants and some lack of qualified inspectors.
Station "Leningrad" near St. Petersburg and the station "Kursk" near the Ukrainian border was particularly marked in the report.
Storages of radioactive waste at both stations are filled by 85%, and to develop an action plan for a time when stores are filled.
At the moment, no station has a full range of necessary equipment for handling radioactive waste, says the report. It also notes the absence of alternative options in the event of a power failure, which was the main problem for the emergency station Fukushima, and insufficient protection of employees in the event that a leak has occurred.
Kudrik stressed that Russia once before the study did not conduct a serious examination of the stations in order to prepare for earthquakes or strong winds. Countries such as Norway, are particularly concerned about the Kola nuclear power plant northwest of Murmansk. A great storm is a power station and led to a small leak, which led to the shut down the station in 1992. According to Kudrik, the station then went through almost a catastrophe.