Scientists warn that global outbreak of a deadly viral infection is inevitable over the next five years, and can lead to a huge loss of life. British doctors have recorded several cases of infection from deadly diseases transmitted from animals and insects to humans.
This disease is common in domestic and wild animals in Africa and Asia. Carrier and custodian infections are mites, mainly of the genus Hyalomm
The other day in a hospital in London, died 38-year old man. He found the symptoms of Crimean-Congo fever, also known as the Central Asian hemorrhagic fever. Disease manifests severe headache, high fever, aches in the joints, cramping abdominal pains and vomiting.
As the disease progresses the patient has large pockets of hematomas and uncontrollable bleeding of internal organs. At least 30% of the cases of infection of the Crimean-Congo fever are fatal.
This disease is common in domestic and wild animals in Africa and Asia. Carrier and custodian infections are mites, mainly of the genus Hyalomma. Previously recorded cases of the disease in the Ukraine in the Crimea, Russia — Astrakhan and Rostov regions, Krasnodar and Stavropol regions, Central Asia, China, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, in Africa.
Presumably, the British contracted hemorrhagic fever at the wedding of his brother in Afghanistan, the British newspaperThe Daily Mail.
Last month, in a London hospital hit 49-year-old patient. He had a high fever, coughing and shortness of breath. The symptoms were similar to the SARS epidemic in 2003, which claimed the lives of about 1,000 people. However, blood tests showed the men that it is not SARS, and a hitherto unknown virus.
As it turned out, the patient had recently arrived from Qatar. Using the latest high-tech gene scanning technology, scientists from the Health Protection Agency investigated the virus. They found that he was from the same family as the SARS, but has a completely different structure. Experts came to the conclusion that people get the disease from animals. Search for medical databases of different countries has shown that from the same disease in July in Saudi Arabia died 60 year old male.
Reports of zoonoses — dangerous contagious diseases, which are susceptible to the agents and the man agitated medical experts. They do not exclude that in the next few years humanity awaits major pandemics, like "Spanish flu" that killed from 1918 to 1919, the years between 50 and 100 million people worldwide.
One of Britain's leading virologists, Professor John Oxford of Queen Mary Hospital, University of London has warned that people should expect a pandemic zoonotic infections that can affect the planet in the next five years. Invasion of viruses will potentially catastrophic consequences for humanity.
According to virologists, may soon be a new strain supergrippa, which will move from wild or domestic animals to humans and begins its deadly spread around the world from Asia or Africa. Professor based its forecast on historical patterns. And indeed in the recent past has been troubling precedents like the SARS epidemic. From March to July 2003, about 8,400 possible cases of SARS have been reported in 32 countries. In 2009, the H1N1 swine flu had infected hundreds of millions of people around the world.
Now the threat of zoonotic diseases is much more than before, because of the spread of modern technology, the active movement of people around the world and population growth, experts warn. In addition, the growing risk of fatal infectious diseases from wild animals because of gross human intrusion into the jungles and rain forests.
In October, an international team of researchers announced detection of a new virus African BASV, who killed two teenagers in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2009. The disease begins with acute haemorrhagic fever, then the patient starts bleeding from the eyes, ears, nose and mouth. An infected person can die within a few days.
15-year-old boy and a 13-year-old girl died of the infection very quickly. A week after the death of the girl from a health worker who cared for the patient, there were similar symptoms. He miraculously survived. According to the scientists, the virus comes from the wild, and probably to humans through the bites of insects.
Candidates for the new virus outbreak a lot — people can get the disease from both wild and domestic animals of the type of horse. According to researchers, it is a way to put humanity before the deadly Ebola virus and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). According to scientists, may have first emerged with HIV in 1908, but only in the 80's of the last century, it has spread throughout the world, killing about 30 million people. Currently, HIV-infected people are considered to be 33 million people on earth.
At the same time, the Ebola virus and HIV is not transmitted by airborne droplets. If zoonoses same lethal force will be distributed over the air, it will be the worst agent in the world, experts say. Scientists expect the pandemic viral infection zonoznoy already in 2017-2018, respectively, and offer to do anything to prevent it.