More than a dozen factors threatening bee populations around the world. This is evidenced by a report published in Nairobi, the United Nations Environment Programme / UNEP / titled "Global violations in colonies of bees and other threats to insect pollinators."
According to the scientists, "humanity must seriously reconsider its treatment of the planet, otherwise the reduction in the number of bees, which directly depends on the population, will continue."
"New types of fungal pathogens, deadly to bees and other pollinators, spreading rapidly around the world due to globalization and international trade — the researchers note. — At the same time, more than 20 thousand flowering plants, on which many bee species, may disappear from the face of the earth, if steps are not taken to preserve them. "
"The increase in the number of chemicals, including systemic insecticides in agriculture as pollinators or harm is toxic to them — experts say UNEP. — Degrades same situation global climate change, because of which the change time of flowering plants and the frequency of rainfall, which, in turn, affect the quality and quantity of nectar produced. "
Among the other factors listed in the report referred to insect pests that destroy cells, invasion of alien species, pollution, transportation, and even electromagnetic fields, which can change the behavior of the bees, as they are small abdominal crystals that contain lead.
"The way humanity treats the natural wealth, including pollinators and partially define our collective future in the 21st century — said in this regard, UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner. — A fact also is that of the 100 plant species by 90 percent give food to the world's population, 70 species are pollinated by bees. "
"Humanity has clouded the illusion that in the 21st century, technological progress will become independent by nature, — he said. — But the reality is that we are more, not less, dependent on the nature of services in the world where the population is approaching 7 — billion mark. "
Given all this, experts suggest, first of all farmers and landowners, reasonable use chemicals and restore a favorable environment for bees, including by planting flowers next to the crops.