For fans of frozen fish out of the package, as well as sushi in restaurants, there were fresh data. During 2010-2012, the International Human Rights Organization Oceana examination conducted on fish DNA, sold in the United States. It was found that 33% do not match what is written on the packaging or on the restaurant menu.
A shocking report published NGO Oceana. According to the results it was found that a third of the fish consumed in the U.S. — a fake. The initial product does not meet this on the packaging
While in Europe, do not cease because of the passion of beef, horsemeat which happened in the United States there was a similar scandal, only with fish. International human rights organization Oceana revealed massive fraud during the two-year study conducted in the period from 2010 to 2012.
Oceana has analyzed the DNA of 1,215 samples of fish purchased in 674 different points of sale — from grocery stores to upscale restaurants — 21 in the U.S. state. As it turned out, 33% of the studied material does not correspond to what is stated on the label or in the menu, and 33% — this is the average rate, in some regions it reaches the level of 90%.
The biggest crooks in the fishing trade were, oddly enough, specialized sushi restaurants. They give a fish for another 74% of cases. This is followed by "other restaurants" (38%) and grocery stores (18%), according to French newspaper Le Monde.
Most often, unscrupulous suppliers and sellers of "dark" with the most popular among consumers of fish — snapper and tuna. For example, scientists have found only 7 of these samples of red grouper from 120 analyzed, and 57% sold "tuna" was not tuna.
Most often, for the tuna issue Escolar (gray delicacy mackerel), which, despite its edibility, can be extremely dangerous to human health because of its ability to accumulate toxins. In Japan, as in Italy, escolar is completely forbidden, while in the United States in the early 1990s, the Office of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a bulletin recommending not to import the fish, after receiving a large number of complaints associated diarrhea with its consumption.
According to data published by Oceana, 90% of the seafood consumed in the United States and the fish are imported and hence their origin is extremely difficult to track down. In this case, FDA control over the quality of products covers only 2% of this amount and the quality of the other products on the conscience of suppliers, retailers and restaurateurs.
In addition to the replacement of one type of fish to another Oceana has documented fraud and other options in the industry. The researchers report that the prices for the products unreasonably high, in the free market are endangered species, and fish grown in artificial conditions, issue of the wild.
Oceana — an international organization dedicated to the problem of preservation of the oceans and aquatic biodiversity. In December 2012 this company has already published a report exposing fraud in the field of fish trade in New York.