Weapons of Russia: 67 years later (with video review)

TV channel "Star" and "Lenta.ru," completed a joint project of "Weapons of Russia: 67 years later", dedicated to the most significant samples of Russian weapons and military equipment. From May 9 to June 22, "Lenta.ru," showed readers 33 exclusive video provided by the "Star." (Video Links)

Air force

 

  • Su-27.  Photo: RIA Novosti, Igor Zarembo
  • Su-27. Photo: RIA Novosti, Igor Zarembo
Su-27. Photo: RIA Novosti, Igor Zarembo

 

Su-27. Heavy fighter Su-27 was designed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau in the second half of the 1970s. The first production aircraft began to come into force in 1984, but the formal adoption of the Su-27 armament took place only in 1990. Currently in service with Russia worth about 360 fighters of the Su-27, 53 of them — in the Navy.

The MiG-29. Light Fighter MiG-29, developed in the first half of the 1970s, Mikoyan design bureau, entered service in 1983. By NATO aircraft has the designation Fulcrum (Fulcrum). After several stages of modernization since the start of production, the MiG-29 is available now, but mostly for export. Modern aircraft is a deep modernization of the MiG-35. In the family of the MiG-29 currently has more than 20 models, including the deck and MiG-29K/KUB version with an extended range of weapons MiG-29M2.

Su-35 fighter. Multi-purpose fighter Su-35 was designed in the first half of the 2000s. Its mass production started in 2011, and adopted the plane will take in 2015. It has now been made a total of seven of these fighters, four of which — serial. All of these fighters is a deep modernization of the Su-27, made more than 500 test flights.

Fighter T-50 (PAK FA). The company "Sukhoi" began development of a new promising fighter in 2002. Maiden flight T-50 made in January 2010, and appeared in public for the first time August 17, 2011 at the International Aviation and Space Salon (MAKS) in Zhukovsky. T-50 is being developed in accordance with the requirements for the fifth generation fighter aircraft, and Russian Air Force to replace the Su-27.

Bomber Tu-160. Strategic bomber Tu-160 missile was developed in the first half of 1980 and adopted in 1987. The air force plane over Russia known as the "White Swan". Bomber with variable sweep wing is capable of speeds up to 2.2 thousand kilometers per hour — the possibility of flying at supersonic speed has been realized on the Tu-160 specifically to overcome the enemy's air defense system.

Bomber Su-34. Sukhoi Su-34 was developed in the second half of the 1980s, in the early 1990s already on the pre-production phase plane went revision. The first flight of production aircraft took place in 1994. Deliveries of the Su-34 to the troops began in 2006, but the formal acceptance into service took place only in 2011. Despite the fact that the Su-34 has not yet been adopted for the Russian Air Force, the aircraft took part in war in South Ossetia in August 2008. In the next nine years, the Russian Defense Ministry plans to buy 124 new front-line bomber.

The Mi-24. Transport-combat helicopter Mi-24 was developed in 1960 and adopted in 1971. The troops of the helicopter received the unofficial title "Crocodile". On the basis of the Mi-24 transport and set up a combat helicopter Mi-35, which comes both for export and in the Russian Air Force.

The Mi-28N. Attack helicopter Mi-28N is designed based on the Mi-28 in the first half of the 1990s. It first flew in November 1996 and entered service with the Russian Air Force in October 2009. In total, the Ministry of Defense of Russia has purchased two contracts from 2005 and 2010, the years of 97 attack helicopters. To date, the troops were delivered 38 cars, not counting the 11 Mi-28N.

 

Navy

 

  • "Peter the Great".  Photo: RIA Novosti, Vitaly Ankov
  • "Peter the Great". Photo: RIA Novosti, Vitaly Ankov
"Peter the Great". Photo: RIA Novosti, Vitaly Ankov

 

The cruiser "Peter the Great". Heavy nuclear missile cruiser "Peter the Great" was built in 1989 for the project in 1144, "eagle" and is currently the only ship of this class in the Russian Navy. The main purpose is to destroy cruiser carrier battle groups of the enemy. In July 2010, it became aware of the plans of the Ministry of Defense of Russia returned to the Navy, several cruisers, Project 1144, including "Admiral Nakhimov", "Admiral Lazarev" and "Admiral Ushakov". Cruisers will be upgraded according to the "Peter the Great" and equip the new computer equipment and modern weapons.

Missile cruiser "Moskva". The guided-missile cruiser "Moskva", built by Shipyard named after 61 Communards in Nikolaev in 1982, became part of the Black Sea Fleet in 1983. He is the lead ship of Project 1164 "Atlas" and the flagship of the Black Sea Fleet. In August 2008, the cruiser "Moskva" in the war in South Ossetia and in the territorial waters of Abkhazia.

BOD "Admiral Chabanenko". The large anti-submarine ship "Admiral Chabanenko", designed by 1155.1 and joined the Navy Russia January 28, 1999. In 2008, the ship participated in a joint venture with Venezuela's teachings "VENRUS-2008" in the waters of the Caribbean Sea. From November 2009 to April 2010, the crew of BOD ensure the security of shipping from Somali pirates in the Gulf of Aden. Homeport BOD "Admiral Chabanenko" is Severomorsk.

SC "Yaroslav the Wise". The patrol ship "Yaroslav the Wise", designed by 1154.0 "Hawk" and in 2009 became part of the Russian Baltic Fleet. It was expected that in 2011, the ship will give Russian Black Sea Fleet to maintain the operational mode of the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, however, the transition did not take place. April 25, 2012 with the consent of the ship commander of the Baltic Fleet, Vice-Admiral Viktor Chirkov was placed under the patronage of the head of the Russian Imperial House Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna.

Large landing ship "Caesar Kunikov". BDK-64 was built by the 775 at the shipyard in Gdansk and in 1986 became part of the Soviet Black Sea Fleet. In 1989, the BDK-64 was named after the Red Army Major Hero of the Soviet Union Kunikova Caesar. Currently, the ship is part of the 197th brigade of amphibious ships Black Sea Fleet and regularly takes part in various exercises and combat training of the fleet. Project 775 ships can carry out combat missions as the ship's landing group, and independently, without the support ships. BDK designed for one battalion and able to carry up to 225 Marines and 500 tons of cargo.

The aircraft carrier "Admiral Kuznetsov". Heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser "Admiral Kuznetsov" is built on the Black Sea shipyard project 1143.5. In December 1985, the ship was launched, and in 1991 he joined the Navy. The ship is assigned to the Northern Fleet of Russia and now it is one of a class of ship in the Navy
. In the future, the Defense Ministry plans to significantly increase the Navy's carrier task group.

Carrier-based fighter Su-33. Carrier-based fighter Su-33 (NATO — Flanker-D, literally "stopping by from the wing") was developed on the basis of the Su-27 made its first flight in 1987. The aircraft belongs to the fourth generation fighters and was adopted by the Russian Navy in 1998. The Su-33 is designed to destroy enemy aircraft, both independently and with the support of naval carrier battle groups in solving problems of air and missile defense. As expected, the resource facing Russian Navy Su-33 will expire in 2015. In the future, based deck fighter Russia, according to the plans of the Ministry of Defence, will make the MiG-29K.

BPRK "Redoubt". Coastal anti-ship complex "Redoubt" was developed in the first half of 1960 and adopted in 1966. In 1974, the complex was designed for a new missile with a modified board system "Progress", and in 1977 it recommended to the adoption of coastal "cliff" and "redoubt." Currently, the Russian Navy are 18 launchers complex "redoubt."

 

Ground forces

 

  • T-90.  Photo ITAR-TASS, Vladimir Astapkovich
  • T-90. Photo ITAR-TASS, Vladimir Astapkovich
T-90. Photo ITAR-TASS, Vladimir Astapkovich

 

T-90 tank. Russian main battle tank T-90 was created in the late 1980s as a deep modernization of the T-72B. In 1992, the machine under the T-90 entered service in Russia. The tank is capable of speeds up to 70 kilometers per hour on the highway and 50 miles per hour over rough terrain. The machine is equipped with automatic guidance systems, night vision goggles, laser range finder. Since 2015 is expected to supply the troops of the new main battle tank on a single platform of heavy armor "Armata".

BTR-80. Wheeled armored personnel carrier BTR-80, established in the early 1980s as a replacement for outdated and inefficient BTR-70, adopted in 1986. In addition to Russia, it is still in service with 25 countries and regularly upgrading, is still in production. In this rarely performed and export of machinery. In particular, in 2010 the Ministry of Defense of Russia from its stores donated Palestine 50 BTR-80. Currently, BTR-80 armored personnel carrier is a major Russian Armed Forces. In the future, these APCs will be replaced with new ones that will be created on a single platform of the future armored vehicles.

BMP-2. Infantry fighting vehicle BMP-2 was developed Kurgan machine works based on the BMP-1 in the first half of the 1970s. She entered into service in 1977 and in 2008 went out of production. BMP-2 is equipped with a rolled steel and bulletproof ballistic armor. Machine length of 6.7 meters, width — 3.2 meters and height — 2.5 meters. The crew of the BMP-2 consists of three people. The machine can carry up to seven people landing. In the future, the BMP-2 and their further development — BMP-3 — will be replaced with new infantry combat vehicles on a single platform of heavy armor "Armata".

Installation clearance UR-77. Installation clearance UR-77 "Meteorite", also known as "The Dragon", created on the basis of self-propelled howitzer 2S1 "Carnation" in the first half of the 1970s. It was made commercially in 1978 and replaced the troops UR-67. SD-77 is considered one of the best settings mine in the world.

TOS-1 "Pinocchio". Heavy flamethrower system "Pinocchio" was developed in the 1970s based on the chassis of the T-72. The original complex consisted of a complete set caterpillar launcher with a package of 30 guides, transport and loading vehicle (TLV) based on truck KrAZ-255B. Currently, the armed Forces of radiation, chemical and biological defense Russia has machines with 24 runners, also called "Kaunas". In 2001, on the basis of "Pinocchio" was developed TOS-1A "sun." The new modification was 24 guides for the launch of rockets, as well as new, more effective ammunition.

MLRS "Grad". Multiple rocket launcher BM-21 "Grad" was developed in the 1960s on the basis of six-wheel truck "Ural". The unit is designed to destroy enemy personnel, weapons and military equipment, as well as artillery and mortar batteries, command posts, warehouses, and other purposes. Currently, the system "Grad" in the army gradually replaced by new missile systems "Tornado-G", created on the basis of the BM-21.

MLRS "Smerch". Multiple rocket launcher "Twister" was developed in the first half of the 1980s, and entered service in 1987. Until 1990, the "Tornado" was considered the most similar to the long-range system in the world: the maximum range of 90 kilometers MLRS. In the long term to replace the "Tornado" will come new missile systems "Tornado-C".

 

  • "Iskander".  Photo: RIA Novosti, Alexei Danichev
  • "Iskander". Photo: RIA Novosti, Alexei Danichev
"Iskander". Photo: RIA Novosti, Alexei Danichev

 

Missile complex "Iskander". Operational-tactical missile complex "Iskander" was created in 1990 and adopted by Russia in 2007. The main objectives for the complex in combat are the enemy firing points, means of air and missile defense, airfields, command posts and communications, and other key infrastructure. By 2020, it is planned to put into service 120 Russian Army missile systems. At present, Russian authorities use complex "Iskander" as one of the balances in the political dialogue with the U.S. and NATO regarding missile defense system in Europe.

Missile Complex "Tochka-U". Tactical Missile System "Point" was developed in the late 1960s — early 1970s, and entered service in 1975. At its base is created in two versions — "Tochka-U" and "R-Point" different control systems and missiles. Modification "Tochka-U" with a controlled throughout the flight missile entered service in 1989. Currently, the Armed Forces of Russia depends, according to various estimates, between 160 and 200 such missiles. The Ministry of Defence of Russia plans to gradually write off the remaining armed with "Points", replacing them with new operational and tactical systems.

SAM "Buk". Anti-aircraft missile system "Buk", developed in the late 1970s, was adopted in 1979 to replace the outdated SAM 2Q12 "Cube". The system is designed to protect critical facilities from maneuvering aerodynamic targets at altitudes from 30 to 18,000 meters and is equipped with anti-jamming devices. "Book" is able to intercept targets flying at a speed of 1200 meters per second at a distance of 40 kilometers. Currently, there are six basic variants of the complex "Beech", "Buk-M1", "Buk-M2", "Buk-M1-2", "Buk-M2E", "Buk-M3" and the marine version of the M-22 " Hurricane ".

Howitzer "Acacia". Self-propelled howitzer "Acacia" is the caliber of 152 millimeters in service since 1971. During the productio
n of gun has gone through several stages of modernization. Currently, the most common versions of the troops are 2S3M and 2S3M1. Since 2006, adopted also receives 2S3M2. According to various sources, are armed with Russian howitzers 2000-2200 "Acacia" different versions. According to the Russian state armaments program for 2011-2020, the most outdated version of self-propelled howitzers, "Acacia" the troops will be gradually replaced by the new 2S19 "MSTA-S"-caliber 152 mm.

The Mi-8MTs. Transport-combat helicopter Mi-8MTs is a modernized version of the multi-purpose Mi-8 helicopters for the armed forces. The main objective is to increase the helicopter firepower and mobility of units of the Land Forces. For simplicity of the Mi-8 was given the nickname "The working bee." Abroad Mi-8 comes under the designation Mi-17/Mi-171.

Gun "Pecheneg". Gun "Pecheneg" Central Research Institute of Precision Engineering developed on the basis of the Kalashnikov machine gun 7.62 mm. The machine gun is designed to engage manpower and fire weapons. The control panel is armed with a number of units of the Armed Forces and the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs and has been used in operations against the militants in Chechnya. Currently we are working on an upgraded version of the machine gun — "Pecheneg-2." As expected, the new gun will be more compatible with the Russian armored vehicles and firing will not unmask the military torch of fire out of the barrel.

 

The Strategic Rocket Forces

 

  • "Topol-M".  Photo ITAR-TASS, Vladimir Smirnov
  • "Topol-M". Photo ITAR-TASS, Vladimir Smirnov
"Topol-M". Photo ITAR-TASS, Vladimir Smirnov

 

Rocket complex "Topol-M". Intercontinental ballistic missile, "Topol-M" (NATO — Sickle, literally "moon") was developed in two versions: Shaft home and in the form of a self-propelled launcher. On arms are complex intercontinental ballistic missiles of the fifth-generation RT-RT-2PM2 and 2PM1 capable of carrying a nuclear warhead. Currently, the Strategic Missile Forces are moving to the latest Russian missile systems "Yars" with missiles RS-24. In the future, mobile "Yarsy" replace "Topol-M". Planned to remain in service with only the "Poplars" silo-based.

 

Troops aerospace defense

S-300 "Favorite". Anti-aircraft missile system S-300 was developed in the second half of 1960 and entered service in 1978. It became the basis of a family of anti-aircraft systems to the Air Defense Forces, the Navy and the Army, which includes about 25 modifications. In 2011, the production was filmed version of S-300PS and S-300PM. Total operating the C-300 had never taken part in the fighting. In the future, the Russian Defense Ministry intends to replace the C-300 new systems S-400.

 

  • C-400.  Photo: RIA Novosti, Ilya Pitalev
  • C-400. Photo: RIA Novosti, Ilya Pitalev
C-400. Photo: RIA Novosti, Ilya Pitalev

 

Anti-aircraft missile system S-400. S-400 "Triumph" (NATO — Growler, "Grumpy") was developed by NPO "Almaz-Antey" in the first half of the 2000s and adopted by Russia in 2007. First Division of the complex has been deployed in Elektrostal near Moscow in 2007, and in 2009 for combat duty was placed second division. In 2011 in Dmitrov were deployed two divisions of S-400. To date, the Russian arms were delivered to five battalions of S-400 (2.5 Regiment, 40 launchers), one of which — in the Kaliningrad region. By 2020 it is planned to supply the troops with 56 battalions of antiaircraft complex.

Carrier rocket "Proton-M". Heavy carrier rocket "Proton-M" used since 2001 and replaced the rocket "Proton-K". Like its predecessor, "Proton-M" runs only from Kazakhstan's Baikonur Cosmodrome and outputs in various space satellites (including the military), controlled and uncontrolled spacecraft and space stations. A total of 63 were produced Baikonur launch rocket "Proton-M", of which 58 were found to be successful.

Aleksey Mikhalev

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