Back in the USSR: the academics want to send a lunar rover on the moon and a manned base
Russian Academy of Sciences, in no way embarrassed by the numerous failures of recent times in the space field, issued a comprehensive plan for development of the Moon — abroad, who had been given back in the Soviet Union after the defeat in the "moon race" Americans. Now Sciences offers from 2020 to send a satellite of the Earth rovers, and later to arrange a permanent manned base.
The project studies the solar system until 2025 was in the order RIA "Novosti". Academics estimate that after 2020 should be sent to the moon rover and two after 2022 — a few number of stations that will form the basis of the lunar landfill — the nucleus of the future Russian manned lunar base.
The main objectives of lunar exploration, Russian scientists believe the study of the polar regions, where the ice was discovered earlier and the volatiles.
Is scheduled to deliver to Earth samples of material from the polar regions of the Moon for detailed studies, including fine structure and isotopic composition, as well as select areas of the moon, the most favorable for placing the polar polygon to the research.
In the first phase, starting in 2015, will explore the moon probe "Luna-Resource" and "Luna-Glob". One of them will study the south pole, which is planned to plant the Russian landing probe to the Indian mini-rover. The probe "Luna-Glob", which will be similar to the "Resource" will explore the North Pole. On its lander will drill rig for soil sampling to a depth of two meters to explore directly on board the station.
In the second phase on the surface of the moon will operate the new rovers — "Lunokhod-3" and "Lunokhod-4." They will be different from the Soviet moon rovers significantly smaller in size and with a great resource. It is planned that the new rovers will be able to work in the polar regions of the moon to five years.
It is assumed that the two rover will collect soil and bring up their own capsules to the rocket that landed on the moon and then deliver the samples to Earth.
"Remaining on the surface of the moon rovers and landing station will make the first elements of the space infrastructure lunar test site with the prospect of deployment in the area of the future Russian lunar base" — the document says.
"According to the land-based studies of lunar material will provide a baseline for the design and send lunar ground vehicles for technological experiments for the extraction of water, oxygen and hydrogen from the material of the lunar regolith," — noted in the draft program.