In the novel "One Hundred Years of Solitude," a five-year rainfall locks people in their homes, washed out banana plantations and turn the town of Macondo in ruins. But this flood, emanation fantasy Colombian Novelist Gabriel Garcia Marquez in his masterpiece novel, pales in comparison with the real flood, which now plagues his homeland.
Because of the almost not stopping for 11 months of the rainy its banks out of the river and the dam burst, flooding villages and agricultural land 28 of the 32 regions of the country. Befall Andean slopes, burying under a neighborhood, and blocking roads. Killed, wounded, or missing more than a thousand people. In the flooded town of Puerto Boyacá, in central Colombia, the coffins of the dead are delivered to the cemetery by boat.
More than 3 million people — about 7 percent of the Colombian population, were forced to evacuate their homes or suffered serious damage. President Juan Manuel Santos called long rains the most serious natural disaster in the history of Colombia, that the government forecasts will cost in the loss of 2.5 percent of GDP. However, outside of Colombia, few noticed this tragedy, because unlike an earthquake or a hurricane, it increases gradually. "Drop by drop, the rain is every day more and more damage," Santos said recently. "This is something akin to Chinese torture."
Santos, as well as other officials blamed on the El Niña — weather phenomenon that causes an unusually cold temperatures all over the equator in the Pacific, and causes heavy rains. El Niña began in the middle of 2010, during which time rainfall in some areas of Colombia 5-6 times higher than normal. Since then, a break from the rain was not. Wet weather last year continued during the usual dry season in Colombia, and then flowed smoothly in the current rainy season.
Fortunately, the showers will not go as long as in the fictional town of Macondo. Forecasters predict rain ending by July. Says the head of the Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology and Environmental Studies of Colombia Ricardo Lozano, just before the flood of Columbia experienced a period of prolonged drought. "It is wrong to believe that climate change is a threat to the future, as is already happening. The world should take a lesson from what is happening in Colombia "