50s. In military aviation component of a crisis. Capacity features warplanes goes exponentially, while armament combat aircraft actually standing still. On arms are becoming obsolete automatic guns and large-caliber rockets. They can not be combined with modern jet aircraft traveling at about 1 thousand kilometers per hour. Available Ury class «air-air» were imperfect and simple — unreliable weapons for air combat. And apply them using the available guidance system was pretty long and hard. Range implementation of SD was very low and the accuracy of the property is very «raw.» Radar 50s, could not provide clear guidance on target missiles such as «AIM-4″ and «K-5», well, radio control system did not assign them to the appropriate accuracy. Required technical and technological breakthrough in aviavooruzheniya first in the electric field, because at least some electrical device so far — it’s hundreds of pounds of radio components, and then weight and size properties affected aircraft. In addition, in the 50s seriously meant that urs will be protective armament plan that will use them for bombers, which provided a large payload.
The decision came in ’54. Engineers and designers of the company «Douglas» received «genius» is simple — if there is no ability to kill an enemy plane hit clear, then why not provide 100% destruction of enemy aircraft at very low accuracy? And the solution was found prepyadstviya — uprating warhead missiles are very likely level. And the highest level in 50 years, a nuclear «inside» warhead. 50 years — the years of rapid development of nuclear capabilities. Nuclear decisions were a priority in the development of almost all areas of science and technology. Among other things, cool war — U.S. confrontation — the USSR, was quite palpable in the world. Because the United States, rightly decided that to win in a future war all means are not bad, tried to make a very effective weapons.
In the course of the development of nuclear missiles began to appear have not been considered difficult, the first of which features the impact of the nuclear charge on the carrier rocket system electronics. But the company «Douglas» rapidly orient and decided to make a rocket without any electrical innards. In fact, brand-new rocket «Genie» came out with a nuclear warhead Nursi, used for flight and maneuverability only stabilization ability. First standard was ready for testing in ’56, NURS done in just 36 months. At the time, it was fairly compact shell length of 295 cm and a weight of 370 kilograms. Run shell using high-performance solid-propellant motor «Thiokol», which created a thrust of about 160 kilonewtons. It basically made it possible to acquire the projectile velocity at 3 Makhovaia. At the head of the projectile was warhead «W25» capacity of 1.5 kilotons. Warhead was developed by special order in Los Alamos lab. When the rocket blasting created 300 meter radius of destruction, which was sufficient for the destruction of at least some of the aircraft, different types of nuclear exposure. Warhead was on a timer, it is set only at successful start-up and full of burning-off of a solid motor. Range introduction of 10 km, the distance the projectile overcome in just 12 seconds.
’57. AIR-2 «Genie» take service in the Air Force of the United States under the name «VM-1.» In 63 rockets on programmke re-rename of designation, and it gets its true name of AIR-2. Due to lack of homing missile remained without a prefix «Missile», which provide guided missiles and projectiles in the United States Armed Forces. Around the same time rockets earns the nickname «Genie», because of his own prodigious power.
Rockets AIR-2 «Genie» experienced only once in ’58. On the teachings of the interceptor pilots «F-989J» fired missile launch at an altitude of 4.5 kilometers. Fascinating fact — that would justify the introduction of harmless missiles over populated Fri, 5 officers from aircrew stood bareheaded under the seat directly undermine the rocket. With them was a photographer who captured on film the moment of detonation rocket. Rocket exploded over this place at the same height. The survey data security officers confirmed the introduction of nuclear missiles over populated Fri — exposure of Air Force officers was very insignificant. Radiation dose received only pilots of aircraft overflying a few minutes specifically at undermining. Carriers AIR-2 «Genie» South American steel interceptor aircraft — F-89 subsonic «Scorpion», supersonic F-101 «Voodo» and 2 primaries F-106 «Delta dart». Carry data and missiles were «Starfighter» F-104, equipped them for this trapeze launch projectiles. But in fact, these planes have never taken on board AIR-2 «Genie».
During the second half of the 60s. «Jinnah» are adopted by Canada. Canadians understand that in case of conflict between the USSR and the USA, their territory will be specific arena coming Russian and American defense, were not concerned about their protection joke. Canada and the United States signed a contract in which Canada was a part of NORAD and gain access to modern South American weapons and equipment. But while Canada received AIR-2 «Genie» and established on its territory, almost rockets remained in possession of the United States. In Canada, the carrier rocket interceptor became CF-101 «Voodo», which is a copy of the South American interceptor aircraft.
These missiles have served in the Canadian Air Force and the United States almost 30 years. Were in service until ’85. Mass production rockets ended in ’62. During this period, was released about one thousand units of AIR-2 «Genie». The main advantage of «genies» of their simplicity and reliability, such an instrument has earned the trust of Air Force pilots. Operation missiles was tightly woven with the operation of their vehicles. Therefore, when the replacement interceptor aircraft carriers have new airplanes, missiles are in reserve. Company «Douglas» tried to offer flight model, but it is time-driven long-range missiles. «Jinnah» could not compete with modern missiles due to lack of electronics and restrictions apply. So softly and quietly ended a regular service, reliable and powerful missiles, unguided air-to-air.
Created by Roman Dzhereleyko