Experts predict a good harvest of grain in Russia this year: about 90 million tons. This is much better last year's 61 million tonnes and more domestic demand, which are about 70 million tons. Thus, Russia will be able to re-enter the world market as an exporter of grain.
And it will be very useful, because the food problem in the world of sharpening. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), global food prices rose again in April, following the increase in the cost of the grain after the March decline, which, in turn, was preceded by a continuous rise in the past eight months. FAO index, taking into account the prices of 55 food items, rose in April to 232.1 points from 231 points in March. In February, it reached a record level — 237.2 points. April's rate is still 36% higher than in April 2010. Considerably more expensive grains and legumes, and a simultaneous decrease in the prices of sugar, rice and dairy products smoothed the possible jump of the index — it increased slightly.
In April, World Bank President Robert Zoellick said the world economy in danger of a new full-scale crisis, including potential causes which at first he put the increase in food prices (followed by higher oil prices and instability in the Middle East.) The situation is so serious that, according to Zoellick, to start a new wave of the crisis "is quite a shock." For example, a poor harvest in a country that is important from the point of view of the world agricultural market. Zoellick said that the most dangerous rise in food prices in the world's poorest countries. In general, more expensive foods increases inflationary pressures around the world, which makes the post-crisis recovery.
"The fall of the dollar and the rise in oil prices and support the retention of high food prices, especially for cereals, — said one of the leaders of the FAO David Hallam. — As the demand is high, price stability is largely dependent on how much to increase agricultural production in 2011 and how much grain reserves are reduced this season. "
Called and the fundamental causes of food price rise. For example, scientists from Columbia and Stanford universities in the U.S. in early May in the journal Science
the results of a study that the warming climate has negatively affected the production of two major crops — corn and wheat. World wheat production is now 5.5% lower, and corn — 3.8% lower than it could be at constant climate. If the Earth will continue to warm up, it may be shortages of these products. Actually, he already has an effect. In March, U.S. Department of Agriculture reported that, according to his estimates, the global demand for wheat at 15.4 million tons exceeds the amount collected in the current year, the agricultural crop.
Thus, to prevent food crisis, much will depend on Russia — one of the key manufacturers and exporters of grain. However, the Russian authorities have stated that they will not rush to revoke the last year export ban. "The resumption of grain exports will be solved peacefully and measured, the results of this year's harvest, — Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.
— We have to be sure to fully meet the needs of our internal and form necessary for the country's reserves. "
Abundant public makeup should allow Russian farmers recover from last year's disaster — fire and drought — and prepare for a new — Russia's accession to the WTO, where the level of tariff protection of the domestic market will decrease, and the volume of state subsidies — limit. And do not know how else would our agriculture in such conditions.
However, in addition to Russian exports, there are other ways to solve the food problem. For example, more respect for the food.
According to the FAO report, published on 11 May, the world each year is lost or released 1.3 billion tons of food — a third of what is produced. In particular, lost more than half of the grain grown in the world — at a time when malnutrition affects nearly a billion people. With developed and developing countries are losing food about equally (670 and 630 million tonnes respectively), but for different reasons. Developing lose it at the production, storage and processing — due to poor technical equipment of the agricultural sector, poor, and the poor state of infrastructure. Developed countries, on the contrary, produce too much food, and a significant proportion is converted into food waste and not having been on the dinner table. Moreover, retailers and consumers themselves in these countries often throw more usable products.
Every resident of Western Europe and North America emits annually from 95 to 115 kg of food.
In this regard, FAO urges change to food, starting to take care of his safety. Developing countries need to seriously invest in the modernization of agriculture, at first, to optimize the system of delivery of food to small farmers to sell their goods directly to the customer. A developed to educate citizens in thrift to eating by teaching consumers to buy as much food as he can eat, and the seller — not to force customers as much as possible of edible goods.
Russian suit all of these recommendations. Because of the deterioration of agricultural equipment in the country is lost every year a large proportion of the crop grown in the fields and gardens. A population overfed after decades of Soviet shortages, loss of skills thrift. So in general it is difficult to say, prevent or accelerate Russia advance global food crisis.