As global warming is related to global policy

28.05.2004

28.05.2004


—>


Akademik Golitsyn:
BAD WEATHER already ending the Time of Troubles
As global warming is related to global policy

When the forty-degree heat in May bathing season opens on the Irtysh river, Altai taiga ignites relic, someone remembers the end of the world, and the director of the Academy of Sciences of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Georgy Golitsyn nothing surprised — our planet over the last hundred years has become a global greenhouse, and humans live by the laws of ground cucumbers.

— Gradually erased the temperature difference in winter and summer, and even during the day and night, and this is the characteristic features of the "greenhouse effect." At night it gets warmer than the light, increasing the average temperature of winter.
There comes a time shorter showers — likely to flood. Decrease the rainy season — likely drought.
In general, the element on the planet out of control, the likelihood of natural disasters is increasing.
The most telling example of Russia to global warming — to change the level of the Caspian Sea. Regular observation post was established in Baku in 1837. The level of the Caspian Sea is determined primarily by runoff of the Volga (her pool — about two million square kilometers!). It's more than 80 percent of the runoff into the sea. A hundred years before the 30s of the twentieth century, this figure is not very varied. And in the decade since 1930, suddenly fell to 170 cm then started talking about the transfer of northern rivers into the sea. But in 1978, began a continuous rise in water level in the Caspian Sea and in 17 years has increased by two and a half meters! Suffered seriously coastal regions.
The scientists of our institute, together with colleagues from Germany were trying to understand the nature of this phenomenon. Raised the annals, chronicles of ancient times different peoples of the world. But throughout the long history of mankind such sudden changes in water level of the Caspian Sea was not observed even once! This was only possible in the context of increasing the "greenhouse effect."
— Above the Earth is stable and dense gas clouds. She misses the thermal radiation of the sun and prevents the reflected heat of our planet. This planetary could seriously affect people's lives, including in Russia. What region of the earth "greenhouse" suffer more than others?
— In Russia, the largest changes are observed in the climate of Siberia. There's climate is changing several times greater than the average in the northern hemisphere and even around the world. The people in Tomsk, Irkutsk and Novosibirsk in one voice says, stinging cold of past years are gone. The average winter temperature has risen ten degrees over the past fifty years! This is confirmed by meteorological observations.
But this "flowers". Degrading permafrost, the area of which more than half of the territory of Russia. When in these areas is melting land, crawl road, bursting at the seams at home — they are the foundation of the construction has been calculated on the frozen ground.
— If the harsh climate of northern Russia will become the country's softer economy will benefit — reduced fuel costs. So consider some respected experts.
— Of course, climate change is also positive aspects. For example, an excess of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere contributes to growth of crops. Although because of the disorganization of the economy Russia is missing these opportunities.
Back in the early 90's leadership on the sidelines of the USSR State Planning Committee discussed: if it were not for the warm winters of the last ten years, the country would not have enough fuel to heat! Today, in some areas of Russia 2-3 weeks increased the frost-free period. This is also the work of the world's "greenhouse".
Nature sensitively tracks changes in climate in the country. A month earlier began to arrive in Russia migratory birds. In the North Sea fauna appeared mid-latitudes, where there had never been.
In this situation, it is important to make educated predictions and possibly put a "greenhouse effect" in the service economy.
— How to protect yourself from disasters in the planetary "greenhouse"? What advice would you give to ordinary inhabitants of the earth?
— Insure your health and property, as is already happening all over the world — in Europe and in the United States. No wonder the biggest insurance companies are now in the present panic — the daily life of earthlings in a "greenhouse effect" has turned into a solid insurance in case!
— At the world's screens is a new Hollywood blockbuster: as a result of the "greenhouse effect" on Earth came ecological collapse. After the global flood Statue of Liberty was at the bottom of the oceans. Can this scenario become a reality? When the end of the world happen?
— I was standing near the Statue of Liberty in New York, and my grandchildren even got her to the top of the stairs inside the monument. His height — about a hundred meters. Over the past century because of global warming, the water level in the oceans rose by 18 centimeters. And for the past 20 years of rising waters accelerated. The World Meteorological Organization predicts that in a hundred years, the oceans could rise by one meter, compared with 1990. In this scenario, the Earth expects the decline of agriculture, which will affect the Third World. Will be a sharp increase in diseases, the eastern coast of the U.S. will suffer from severe storms, and European nations — from permanent flooding and droughts.
Here also count as the Statue of Liberty will be on the bottom! It is a distant prospect, but today the Maldives government began to build around its territory protective structures of glass and concrete for protection against storms and raising sea levels.
— Is it possible to prevent the deluge?
— Of course, save the world science and technology. First of all, to protect and restore the environment, the development of energy-saving technologies, it is the policy in line with the Kyoto Protocol.
Today's leaders it is important to understand the nature of disasters respond historical upheavals of the peoples and civilizations. For example, the Time of Troubles in Russia came after an unprecedented rainy summer and a terrible crop failures after the death of Boris Godunov …

Interviewed by Irina Timofeeva
27.05.2004

Like this post? Please share to your friends: