Beginning of the second world war. Who povinet?

At this point, it became fashionable to incriminate the USSR in fueling the second world war, they say the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact freed the hands of Nazi Germany. This is actually the pact know everything, but we constantly reminded about it, what would we penetrated and understood: what we are all bastards.

In all of this all try not to mention the Munich Agreement in 1938, received the title of "Munich Agreement", signed by A. Hitler, Mussolini, N. Chamberlain and Daladier. Many people believe that just these agreements led to war, let's face it.

The Munich Agreement of 1938. The agreement for the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia reached on September 29-30 in Munich, the heads of government of England (Chamberlain), France (Daladier), Nazi Germany (Adolf Hitler) and Fascist Italy (Mussolini). The ease with which Hitler carried out in March 1938, the Anschluss of Austria, encouraged him to follow the brutal act now against Czechoslovakia. After the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Czechoslovakia in the short term turned into one of the more prosperous countries of Central Europe. Her areas housed many important industries, including steel factory Skoda and military factories. With a population the other day the Munich Agreement of 14 million people, lived in a country other than the Czechs and Slovaks, about 3.3 million ethnic Germans. The German-speaking population, so called. Sudeten Germans constantly gromozvuchno declared discriminatory measures taken against them by the Czechoslovak government. Almost half of the 1 million unemployed people in the country were the Sudeten Germans. The central authorities perceived the various measures to reduce the intensity of discontent in the Sudetenland: consulate in the National Assembly, equal rights to education, local government, etc., but the tension subsides. Hitler decided to use the unstable situation in the Sudetenland and in February 1938 addressed the Reichstag with an appeal "to draw attention to the desperate living conditions of German brothers in Czechoslovakia." He said that the Sudeten Germans can count on the third Reich which protect them from the Czechoslovak oppressors. In the German press as a wave of accusations of the address of the Czechoslovak authorities, allegedly carrying out atrocities against the Sudeten Germans. Taking advantage of a small border incident, in the end that killed several Germans, Hitler pushed German troops to the border with Czechoslovakia, hoping to exert political and military pressure on the country whose army was only 400 thousand people. But Russian Alliance and France warned Germany that will perform their obligations to Czechoslovakia, and Hitler was obliged to withdraw its troops from the border. But usmotritelny Chamberlain said that he could not guarantee support for England in the event of German aggression against Czechoslovakia. Inspired by the British government indecision, Hitler decided to rely on in their own plans for the "fifth column", represented by the Sudeten Germans and the pro-Nazi Sudeten German Party. On his orders, the favorite of the party Henlein made a number of claims on the merits of the alleged refusal of Czechoslovakia's sovereignty over the Sudetenland region (April 24). May 30 Hitler convened a secret meeting of generals in Yuterboge, which said: "My unwavering zeal — to kill Czechoslovakia as a result of military operations in the most recent time." Then he announced the order for the operation "Grün" no later than October 1, 1938.

Follow-up action, particularly leading up to the signing of the Munich Agreement, see following way: maneuvers Anglo-French diplomacy in order to justify to the public held view prepares a deal with Hitler and the sample persuade Czechoslovakia to surrender; riot Sudeten Nazis September 13, overwhelmed by the armed forces of Czechoslovakia, the Berchtesgaden meeting 1938 during which Chamberlain, in principle, agreed to the demands of Hitler's Germany, the transfer of the Czechoslovak border areas, but had asked not to start a war (September 15), the Anglo-French ultimatum (September 18) on the transfer of the German areas of Czechoslovakia ("must give way to areas of Germany inhabited mostly Sudeten Germans in order to avoid European war "), adopted on September 21 Czechoslovakian president Edvard Beneš, Chamberlain meeting with Hitler at Bad Godesberg to discuss new, more languid requirements for Czechoslovakia German Government (22 September).

At the moment of highest tension Mussolini, Hitler advised to convene a quadripartite meeting to resolve all the difficulties. By agreeing to this proposal, Hitler made on September 26 at a mass meeting at the Sports Palace in Berlin speech. He assured Chamberlain and the whole world that if the problem of the Sudeten Germans is resolved, it will not propose further territorial claims in Europe: "We are coming at this time to the last dilemma that requires its own solution. This is the last territorial claim which I put forward for Europe . In 1919, three and a half million Germans were cut off from their own countrymen group of crazy politicians. Czechoslovak government has grown out of Straseni heresy, and the name of the liar — Benes. " Chamberlain third time went to Germany in Munich, Hitler's practically begging for peace. He wrote: "I've been wanting to try it again, as the war became the only candidate."

Russian Alliance and Czechoslovakia were not allowed to negotiate. Chamberlain and Daladier, Hitler accepted the terms, and together put pressure on the Czech government. The agreement, made on September 29, has been signed for the next day. Agreement provides for the transfer of Germany in the period from 1 to 10 October 1938 the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia (with all the buildings and fortifications, factories, plants, supplies of raw materials, methods and messages, etc.), gratification at the expense of Czechoslovakia within 3 months of the territorial claims of Hungary and Poland, " guarantee "parties to the agreement the new boundaries Czechoslovakia against unprovoked aggression (the invasion of Czechoslovakia by German troops in March 1939 revealed the phony nature of these "guarantees"). September 30th Czechoslovak government adopted without the consent of the National Assembly of Munich diktat. Chamberlain returned to London, said it is encouraging at the airport, waving text of the agreement: "I have brought peace in our time." Shaken by a similar policy of appeasement Winston Churchill said, "I remind him who do not wish to see or have forgotten, but that, nevertheless, it must be noted — namely, we have experienced widespread and obvious defeat, and France pulled down more than we … And there is no reason to hope that all this will end. This is just the beginning of reckoning. This is only the first sip from the bitter cup which will be offered to us on a day to day or if you do not come indescribable recovery of moral health and military power, if we do not re- ochnemsya and do not create a bid for freedom as in the olden days. "

The agreement, signed in Munich, was one of the most striking manifestations of a policy of "appeasement", recently held the 2nd World War, the governments of Britain and France in order to reach a deal with Nazi Germany at the expense of the states of Central and South-Eastern Europe, Hitler's anger turn away from England and France and bring it to the East, against the Russian Union. The Munich agreement was the fundamental milestone in the preparation of the 2nd World War.

Materials used:

Like this post? Please share to your friends: