A large international team of geologists led by Associate Professor Benjamin Brooks (Benjamin A. Brooks) from the University of Hawaii at Manoa (Honolulu, USA) concluded that the east central part of the mountain range of the Andes (in the place where Bolivia) the probability of occurrence 8.9 magnitude earthquake. However, while scientists talk only about the potential dangers of the accident and did not make specific predictions. However, according to them, are subject to this risk more than two million people.
Brooks and his colleagues collected accurate GPS data on the movement of the Earth's crust to the east of the central Andes. "Using the model, we have linked the data obtained by GPS, with possible changes within the earth's crust. As a result, we found the area to the east of the central Andes, about 100 kilometers long, which may increase tension and collision of lithospheric plates "- explains Brooks. According to scientists, break the crust in this area could lead to a strong earthquake of magnitude 8.9.
"We did not expect this result. Previous projections spoke only on the maximum possible earthquake magnitude 7.5 in the area, "- says Brooks. However, scientists are in no hurry to specific forecasts. According to them, now they face the challenge to see if there were such a powerful earthquake in the area in the past. And then on the basis of this information to make predictions.
Magnitude 9 earthquake occurred on the planet not so much. Among the recent developments: earthquake 2004 magnitude 9 Sumatra, which killed more than 200,000 people. Earthquake in Japan, which occurred March 11, 2011, now assigned to the magnitude 9. This catastrophe at last count 14,817 claimed the lives of people, with more than 10 thousand people are missing.
Article by Dr. Brooks rezultatmi study the Earth's crust in the area of Bolivia, published in the journal Nature Geoscience.